Now showing items 1-20 of 7801

    • Poster 25 | Health and social care professional’s experiences, views and responses of people who use new psychoactive substances in different Mental Health and Addiction Healthcare Services

      Solomon, David; University of Bedfordshire (Royal College of Nursing, 2024-04-24)
      Abstract New psychoactive Substances (NPS) cause harms to both physical and mental health of people who use NPS (PWUNPS). Healthcare professionals working in mental health and drug and alcohol settings experience daily challenges surrounding the identification of NPS types, related symptoms resulting from NPS. Although a limitation of research exists surrounding how Hcps manage PWUNPS, more research is needed on Hcps views, responses, and experiences across different healthcare services (HCSs) surrounding their engagements with PWUNPS. Sampling Method: Purposive sampling Methods: A Sequential Explanatory Design consisted of 2 phases across three different service type provisions namely statutory, non-statutory and private sectors across five mental health and drug and alcohol HCSs. Phase one survey data explored the responses of 92 Hcps, thus, the results of the survey informed the development of the interview questions for phase 2. Phase 2 explored Hcps experiences and views through 14 semi-structured interviews. Descriptive statistics and thematic analysis. 92 Hcps took part in the survey across five different HCSs. Most Hcps were female (n=47) in comparison to male Hcps (n=3) and some Hcps (n=2) did not disclose. 45% of Hcps reported no assessment or procedures were in place for PWUNPS and views were predominately neutral towards PWUNPS and engagement experiences were deemed neutral. The phase 2, 14 semi-structured interviews results identified 5 common themes associated with Hcps experiences and responses toward PWUNPS including organisational issues, assessment, stigma, harm minimisation and a symptoms as contributing factors toward Hcps experiences surrounding the management of PWUNPS. Organisational issues impacted the engagements, access and funding toward treating PWUNPS. HCSs need to integrate specific NPS trainings for Hcps across the different HCS sectors is recommended to reduce the harms associated with NPS use. This study demonstrates the potential of implementing newer assessment, policy, and a Harm Minimisation approach toward PWUNPS across different HCSs
    • From hegemony to Herrschaft? the growth and potential of a reactionary strain of politics on the British Right

      Hoctor, Tom; ; University of Bedfordshire (Taylor and Francis, 2024-05-17)
      This article argues that a reactionary mode of politics is emerging and informing more and more debate on the British Right. It defines reaction as 1) historicist attacks on liberal institutions or proxies, 2) the assertion of an anti-historicist ‘birth-culture’ axiom and 3) a platform of the ‘racialisation’ of welfare and the targeting of welfare in ways which promotes traditionalist values. It then assesses the published works of Nick Timothy, former chief of staff to Theresa May, and Munira Mirza, former political advisor to Boris Johnson, to assess the degree to which a reactionary mode of politics is present within the Party. I argue that both adopt political ontologies consistent with reaction, especially in mounting attacks on liberalism and “identity politics”, and that this ontological starting point allows both Timothy and Mirza to assert visions of society which serve to justify the reassertion of authority and inequality. It concludes by arguing that the Conservative Party’s increasing abandonment of pluralism in favour of Herrschaft, authority, over the British polity is an indication that the reactionary position is influential on the contemporary British Right.
    • Enhancing Pragmatic Language skills for Young children with Social communication difficulties (E-PLAYS-2) trial: study protocol for a cluster-randomised controlled trial evaluating a computerised intervention to promote communicative development and collaborative skills in young children

      Murphy, Suzanne; Bell, Kerry; Cook, Erica Jane; Crafter, Sarah; Davidson, Rosemary; Fairhurst, Caroline; Hicks, Kate; Joffe, Victoria; Messer, David; Robinson-Smith, Lyn; et al. (BMC, 2024-05-13)
      A number of children experience difficulties with social communication and this has long-term deleterious effects on their mental health, social development and education. The E-PLAYS-2 study will test an intervention ('E-PLAYS') aimed at supporting such children. E-PLAYS uses a dyadic computer game to develop collaborative and communication skills. Preliminary studies by the authors show that E-PLAYS can produce improvements in children with social communication difficulties on communication test scores and observed collaborative behaviours. The study described here is a definitive trial to test the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of E-PLAYS delivered by teaching assistants in schools. The aim of the E-PLAYS-2 trial is to establish the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of care as usual plus the E-PLAYS programme, delivered in primary schools, compared to care as usual. Cluster-randomisation will take place at school level to avoid contamination. The E-PLAYS intervention will be delivered by schools' teaching assistants. Teachers will select suitable children (ages 5-7 years old) from their schools using guidelines provided by the research team. Assessments will include blinded language measures and observations (conducted by the research team), non-blinded teacher-reported measures of peer relations and classroom behaviour and parent-reported use of resources and quality of life. A process evaluation will also include interviews with parents, children and teaching assistants, observations of intervention delivery and a survey of care as usual. The primary analysis will compare pragmatic language scores for children who received the E-PLAYS intervention versus those who did not at 40 weeks post-randomisation. Secondary analyses will assess cost-effectiveness and a mixed methods process evaluation will provide richer data on the delivery of E-PLAYS. The aim of this study is to undertake a final, definitive test of the effectiveness of E-PLAYS when delivered by teaching assistants within schools. The use of technology in game form is a novel approach in an area where there are currently few available interventions. Should E-PLAYS prove to be effective at the end of this trial, we believe it is likely to be welcomed by schools, parents and children. ISRCTN 17561417, registration date 19th December 2022. v1.1 19th June 2023.
    • Entrepreneurship education research in Nigeria: current foci and future research agendas

      Yatu, Lemun Nuhu; Bell, Robin; Loon, Mark; University of Worcester; Bath Spa University (Emerald, 2018-06-11)
      Entrepreneurship education plays a crucial role in the development of entrepreneurs and the enhancement of entrepreneurial activities in every economy. This paper presents the findings of a review of Nigerian entrepreneurship education literature published in 20 journals over a 16-year period. The purpose of this paper is to examine research contributions in the field of entrepreneurship education within the Nigerian context, with the aim of understanding the focus and the different research areas covered by researchers in this area, and to make suggestions that can guide scholars in their future research contributions. Design/methodology/approach Systematic literature reviews are recognized methods for conducting evidence-based research. The study adopted a systematic literature review approach, drawing from a computerized search of five selected databases, using predetermined key words by the researchers. Findings The main finding of this paper is that related concepts like skills, intention, drive and attitude have been used in expounding discussions on the outcome of entrepreneurship education, but very little has been written on entrepreneurial mindset, which other studies have suggested is a crucial point in the journey of an entrepreneur (Reed and Stoltz, 2011; Neneh, 2012). Furthermore, learning and teaching of entrepreneurship in the Nigerian higher education institutions seem to be more focused on creating awareness about entrepreneurship, as against the experiential approach that scholars have argued to be a prerequisite for developing the next generation of entrepreneurs (Bell, 2015). The study also found that over 80 percent of the reviewed articles are published in journals not ranked or indexed in the ABS journal rankings or the Scopus database. Research limitations/implications The paper is limited since it is based on a review of literature from a selected range of databases, covering a specific time span. This potentially excludes other studies outside this time span. Scholarship in this area and context will benefit greatly when researchers target, choose and engage the higher ranked and more impactful journals as the outlet for their research outputs. Practical implications At a time when efforts are being made to address socioeconomic issues like poverty and unemployment through mainstream training in entrepreneurship education, this paper provides a better understanding of the state of research in this context, by highlighting the potential gaps as to where research investigation is needed for better policy formulation and guiding future research. Originality/value There are limited studies that focus on the issue of entrepreneurial mindset in entrepreneurship education in Nigeria. Overall, this paper identifies an important gap in the literature that warrants future research.
    • Implementation of step-down Intermediate Care (IC) in Buckinghamshire, UK: a qualitative evaluation study of healthcare professionals' experiences and perspectives

      Liapi, Fani; Chater, Angel M.; Kenny, Tina; Anderson, Juliet; Randhawa, Gurch; Pappas, Yannis; University of Bedfordshire; Buckinghamshire Healthcare NHS Trus (Hindawi, 2024-04-03)
      Step-down intermediate care aims to offer short-term care for people who are medically optimised for discharge but needing a period for further assessment and/or rehabilitation. The aim of this study, which was nested in a larger evaluation project, was to explore the experiences and perspectives of healthcare professionals to understand the implementation of a step-down IC service in Buckinghamshire, UK. The evidence is used to inform the service providers of what elements worked well and what areas require improvement. A qualitative study using semistructured interviews was conducted in May 2022. Ten healthcare professionals participated. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and reflexive thematic analysis was used to analyse the data. The following five core themes were developed: (1) the developmental period of step-down IC, (2) providing care together, (3) perceived functions of the integrated hub, (4) communication, and (5) resources. Findings from the interviews highlighted the excellent working relationships among healthcare professionals from different disciplines, which contributed to their job satisfaction and the efficiency of the service. In addition, healthcare professionals stressed the importance of the integrated hub, as it facilitated the communication between the teams and speeded up the decision-making. Several organisational challenges, such as communication issues, healthcare professionals’ capacity, and the need for further funding were also voiced. Involving staff in the evaluation of a step-down intermediate care service has provided useful information on the service’s implementation process and will inform the development of a long-term strategy for intermediate care.
    • Exploratory study from an end-of-life research partnership network to improve access for ethnically diverse communities in one region

      Cook, Erica Jane; Tolliday, Elaine; Ali, Nasreen; Suleman, Mehrunisha; Wilkinson, Emma; Randhawa, Gurch; (NIHR, 2024-05-02)
      Background: Minority ethnic patients are less likely to access timely and effective palliative and end-of-life care and, as a consequence, more likely to experience poorer symptom management and receive more intensive treatments at the end of life. Research activity has the potential to address the aforementioned barriers to improve access. However, there is a need to develop capacity and capability, particularly within underserved communities, to provide an infrastructure that can drive research activity informed by the community to benefit the community. Objective: To build and develop a robust, inclusive, and representative research partnership to facilitate improved research activity committed to addressing inequity in access to palliative and end-of-life care among ethnically diverse communities. Design: An inclusive and representative KEEch research Partnership NETwork (KEEP-NET) was established, comprised of over 80 partner organisations that represent the local diverse and multi-faith communities. Interviews (n = 11) with service providers and face-to-face roundtable workshops with community stakeholders, service providers, informal carers, and faith leaders were conducted to understand needs, challenges, and research priorities. Setting: Bedfordshire, Hertfordshire, and Milton Keynes, UK. Results: Developing KEEP-NET required a flexible and agile approach to engage effectively with institutionalised and non-institutionalised stakeholders. Sharing a joint purpose of learning. managing partners' expectations and providing transparency and accountability within the network were all essential in building trust and equity within the research partnership. The overarching findings revealed a range of socio-cultural and structural barriers that negatively impact access and experience among minority ethnic groups. Discussions centred on the disconnect between informal care and support within the community, which many ethnic minority communities rely upon, and ‘institutional’ medical services. KEEP-NET uncovered that whilst service providers and communities acknowledge they need to engage with each other more, they remain uncertain of the best way to achieve this. There was also consensus that services need to deliver more effective, culturally competent, person-centric care that promotes compassion and gives weight to non-medical needs to better meet the needs of the diverse population. These findings and priorities have informed the submission of a co-produced research funding proposal. Beyond that, KEEP-NET has also provided a platform for further unplanned spin-off research projects and collaboration, including the implementation of an innovative ‘community connector’ role to facilitate better integration of community and voluntary services in palliative and end-of-life care. Conclusions: KEEP-NET has provided valuable insight into factors that can facilitate the successful collaboration between multi-faith and diverse community stakeholders. Through KEEP-NET, we offer our observations as an opportunity for shared learning for others who want to adopt a similar approach when in the planning stages of establishing a research partnership network. The mutual benefit of developing this partnership and working collectively with communities to address inequalities in accessing PEoLC could provide a useful approach and way of solving other important priorities to reduce wider health inequalities.
    • Entrepreneurship education and the moderating role of inclusion in the entrepreneurial action of disabled students

      Dakung, Reuel Johnmark; Bell, Robin; Orobia, Laura Aseru; Yatu, Lemun Nuhu; University of Jos; University of Worcester; Makerere University; University of Bedfordshire (Elsevier, 2022-10-28)
      Educators and policymakers have sought to open entrepreneurship to a broader range of students. The paper investigates the role of entrepreneurship education in the development of People with Physical Disabilities (PWPDs) and the moderating role of inclusion in their entrepreneurial action. This research employed a cross-sectional survey of 253 students with physical disabilities across tertiary institutions in Nigeria. The findings underscore the significant role of entrepreneurship education in enhancing the entrepreneurial action of physically disabled students. The finding of the study established the moderating role of inclusion in the relationship between entrepreneurship education and the entrepreneurial action of physically disabled students. This implies that the commitment of the educators to accept and support physically disabled students in the class will create an environment in which physically disabled students can learn to monitor and respond to entrepreneurial changes in the environment. This will in turn prepare them to engage in a business start-up. This research highlights that entrepreneurship education and inclusion make significant contributions to physically disabled students’ entrepreneurial action. Therefore, these factors are key to consider in preparing physically disabled students to become entrepreneurial graduates. The study contributes to the extant literature by underscoring the value of creating an environment of inclusion in entrepreneurship education.
    • An important role for RPRD1B in the heat shock response

      Cugusi, Simona; Bajpe, Prashanth Kumar; Mitter, Richard; Patel, Harshil; Stewart, Aengus; Svejstrup, Jesper Q.; ; Francis Crick Institute; University of Copenhagen (Taylor and Francis, 2022-10-22)
      During the heat shock response (HSR), heat shock factor (HSF1 in mammals) binds to target gene promoters, resulting in increased expression of heat shock proteins that help maintain protein homeostasis and ensure cell survival. Besides HSF1, only a relatively few transcription factors with a specific role in ensuring correctly regulated gene expression during the HSR have been described. Here, we use proteomic and genomic (CRISPR) screening to identify a role for RPRD1B in the response to heat shock. Indeed, cells depleted for RPRD1B are heat shock sensitive and show decreased expression of key heat shock proteins (HSPs). These results add to our understanding of the connection between basic gene expression mechanisms and the HSR.
    • Translation stress and collided ribosomes are co-activators of cGAS

      Wan, Li; Juszkiewicz, Szymon; Blears, Daniel; Bajpe, Prashanth Kumar; Han, Zhong; Faull, Peter; Mitter, Richard; Stewart, Aengus; Snijders, Ambrosius P.; Hegde, Ramanujan S.; et al. (Cell Press, 2021-07-01)
      The cyclic GMP-AMP synthase-stimulator of interferon genes (cGAS-STING) pathway senses cytosolic DNA and induces interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs) to activate the innate immune system. Here, we report the unexpected discovery that cGAS also senses dysfunctional protein production. Purified ribosomes interact directly with cGAS and stimulate its DNA-dependent activity in vitro. Disruption of the ribosome-associated protein quality control (RQC) pathway, which detects and resolves ribosome collision during translation, results in cGAS-dependent ISG expression and causes re-localization of cGAS from the nucleus to the cytosol. Indeed, cGAS preferentially binds collided ribosomes in vitro, and orthogonal perturbations that result in elevated levels of collided ribosomes and RQC activation cause sub-cellular re-localization of cGAS and ribosome binding in vivo as well. Thus, translation stress potently increases DNA-dependent cGAS activation. These findings have implications for the inflammatory response to viral infection and tumorigenesis, both of which substantially reprogram cellular protein synthesis.
    • Mutation of daf-2 extends lifespan via tissue-specific effectors that suppress distinct life-limiting pathologies

      Zhao, Yuan; Zhang, Bruce; Marcu, Ioan; Athar, Faria; Wang, Hongyua; Galimov, Evgeniy R; Chapman, Hannah; Gems, David; ; University College London (Anatomical Society and John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2021-02-20)
      In aging Caenorhabditis elegans, as in higher organisms, there is more than one cause of death. C. elegans exhibit early death with a swollen, infected pharynx (P death), and later death with pharyngeal atrophy (p death). Interventions that alter lifespan can differentially affect frequency and timing of each type of death, generating complex survival curve shapes. Here, we use mortality deconvolution analysis to investigate how reduction of insulin/IGF-1 signaling (IIS), which increases lifespan (the Age phenotype), affects different forms of death. All daf-2 insulin/IGF-1 receptor mutants exhibit increased lifespan in the p subpopulation (p Age), while pleiotropic class 2 daf-2 mutants show an additional marked reduction in P death frequency. The latter is promoted by pharyngeal expression of the IIS-regulated DAF-16 FOXO transcription factor, and at higher temperature by reduced pharyngeal pumping rate. Pharyngeal DAF-16 also promotes p Age in class 2 daf-2 mutants, revealing a previously unknown role for the pharynx in the regulation of aging. Necropsy analysis of daf-2 interactions with the daf-12 steroid receptor implies that previously described opposing effects of daf-12 on daf-2 longevity are attributable to internal hatching of larvae, rather than complex interactions between insulin/IGF-1 and steroid signaling. These findings support the view that wild-type IIS acts through multiple distinct mechanisms which promote different life-limiting pathologies, each of which contribute to late-life mortality. This study further demonstrates the utility of mortality deconvolution analysis to better understand the genetics of lifespan.
    • Person reference and a preference for association in emergency calls

      Tennent, Emma; Weatherall, Ann; Victoria University of Wellington; University of Bedfordshire (Routledge, 2024-04-25)
      Person reference is pervasive in talk. Conversation analytic work has identified preferences in person reference relating to recognitional reference. However, the principles shaping nonrecognitional reference are less well understood. We propose a preference for association in an institutional setting in which recognition is not relevant. Our data are calls to the New Zealand police emergency line that were institutionally classified as family harm. Using a collection methodology, we found that nonrecognitional person reference typically takes the form my x which directly associates speaker and referent, for example, “my partner,” “my ex-partner,” “my dad.” Initial references that suggest no association (e.g. “someone” or “an abusive guy”) were subsequently revised by callers using self-repair or targeted by call takers through questions that seek clarification about association. The shifts from nonassociative to associative references demonstrate participants’ orientations to the relevance of association and are evidence of a preference for association in the setting under examination. Data are in English.
    • The Regulate your Sitting Time (RESIT) intervention for reducing sitting time in individuals with type 2 diabetes: findings from a randomised-controlled feasibility trial

      Brierley, Marsha Lynn; Chater, Angel M.; Edwardson, Charlotte L.; Castle, Ellen M.; Hunt, Emily R.; Biddle, Stuart J. H.; Sisodia, Rupa; Bailey, Daniel Paul; Brunel University; University of Bedfordshire; et al. (BMC, 2024-04-24)
      Reducing and breaking up sitting is recommended for optimal management of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Yet, there is limited evidence of interventions targeting these outcomes in individuals with this condition. The primary aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and acceptability of delivering and evaluating a tailored online intervention to reduce and break up sitting in adults with T2DM. A mixed-methods two-arm randomised controlled feasibility trial was conducted in ambulatory adults with T2DM who were randomised 1:1 to the REgulate your SItting Time (RESIT) intervention or usual care control group. The intervention included online education, self-monitoring and prompt tools (wearable devices, smartphone apps, computer apps) and health coaching. Feasibility outcomes were recruitment, attrition, data completion rates and intervention acceptability. Measurements of device-assessed sitting (intended primary outcome for definitive trial), standing and stepping, and physical function, psychosocial health and wellbeing were taken at baseline, 3 months and 6 months. Individual semi-structured interviews were conducted at six-months (post intervention) to explore acceptability, feasibility and experiences of the trial and intervention using the Framework Method. Seventy participants aged 55 ± 11 years were recruited. Recruitment rate (proportion of eligible participants enrolled into the study) was 67% and participant retention rate at 6 months was 93% (n = 5 withdrawals). Data completion rates for daily sitting were 100% at baseline and ranged from 83 to 91% at 3 months and 6 months. Descriptive analysis demonstrated potential for the intervention to reduce device-measured sitting, which was 30.9 ± 87.2 and 22.2 ± 82.5 min/day lower in the intervention group at 3 and 6 months, respectively, compared with baseline. In the control group, sitting was 4.4 ± 99.5 and 23.7 ± 85.2 min/day lower at 3 and 6 months, respectively. Qualitative analysis identified three themes: reasons for participating in the trial, acceptability of study procedures, and the delivery and experience of taking part in the RESIT intervention. Overall, the measurement visits and intervention were acceptable to participants. This study demonstrated the feasibility and acceptability of the RESIT intervention and evaluation methods, supporting a future definitive trial. If RESIT is found to be clinically effective, this could lead to changes in diabetes healthcare with a focus on reducing sitting. The trial was registered with ISRCTN (number ISRCTN14832389).
    • Discourse and Gender

      Weatherall, Ann; Naples, Nancy A; Ryan, J Michael; Hoogland, Renée C; Wickramsing, Maithree; Wong, Wai Ching Angela; Victoria University of Wellington; University of Connecticut; Nazarbayev University; Wayne State University; et al. (Wiley, 2016-04-21)
      Discursive approaches typically draw upon constructionist and poststructural theories of meaning. Poststructural theories of meaning highlight the pervasive relationships between knowledge and power. According to poststructuralist theories, knowledge about sex and gender is part and parcel of the ways sexualized and gendered identities are normalized and regulated. For example, gender discourses produce a binary classification of sex as male and female – a system that ignores or marginalizes people who are intersex such as hermaphrodites. Biological discourses such as the male sex drive are used to justify and legitimate the sexual exploitation of women through rape and prostitution. Multiple meanings are highlighted through studies of discourse. For example, research has shown that many versions of masculinity exist and that they are changing. Nowadays traditional gender stereotypes persist alongside new ones such as metrosexual men.
    • Language and Gender

      Weatherall, Ann; Naples, Nancy A; Ryan, J Michael; Hoogland, Renée C; Wickramsing, Maithree; Wong, Wai Ching Angela; Victoria University of Wellington; University of Connecticut; Nazarbayev University; Wayne State University; et al. (Wiley, 2016-04-21)
      The relationships between language and gender are complex. Feminist researchers have importantly documented the ways language reflects, maintains, and even produces gender. This entry describes two issues that have dominated the research. The first is the matter of gender differences in language use. Despite widely held beliefs to the contrary, there is a lack of evidence that women and men use language differently. The second issue is sexism in language. It is now widely accepted that gender in language can reflect sexism. More recently constructionist theories expand the role of language to consider the ways discourse, conceptualized as broader meaning systems, produces beliefs about gender and sexuality.
    • Non-Sexist Language Use

      Weatherall, Ann; Naples, Nancy A; Ryan, J Michael; Hoogland, Renée C; Wickramsing, Maithree; Wong, Wai Ching Angela; Victoria University of Wellington; University of Connecticut; Nazarbayev University; Wayne State University; et al. (Wiley, 2016-04-21)
      Non-sexist language use is about changing and raising awareness about the unequal ways language represents women and men. There is a lot of variability in the ways that gender is encoded across different languages. As a result the strategies to promote non-sexist language differ. Linguistic activists have employed a range of creative strategies to highlight gender issues. For example, feminists coined herstory to highlight male dominance in historical accounts and queer activists have promoted terms such as female bodied as a way of challenging a dominant assumption that gender identity matches biological sex.
    • Turn design and giving assistance in calls to a social support service

      Weatherall, Ann; Victoria University of Wellington (2018-07-15)
    • Sexism in Language

      Weatherall, Ann; Naples, Nancy A; Ryan, J Michael; Hoogland, Renée C; Wickramsing, Maithree; Wong, Wai Ching Angela; Victoria University of Wellington; University of Connecticut; Nazarbayev University; Wayne State University; et al. (Wiley, 2016-04-21)
      A broad array of language practices have been considered sexist, including terms of address that indicate the marital status of women (i.e., Miss versus Mrs.) but not men and the trivialization women's speech by the words used to describe it (e.g., as nagging or gossiping). An important debate has been whether sexism in language just reflects social beliefs and attitudes toward women or if it also helps to support and maintain sexism in society. Scientific studies have shown that language use does shape thinking and behavior in important ways. The negative impact of sexist language on women has led to non-sexist language policies in education and publishing. An ongoing issue that feminist language researchers highlight is the underrepresentation or misrepresentation of women on television and in social media.
    • Language planning (gender and sexuality issues)

      Weatherall, Ann; Whelehan, Patricia; Bolin, Anne; Victoria University of Wellington; SUNY‐Potsdam; Elon University (Wiley, 2015-04-20)
      There are important gender and sexuality issues in language planning. Feminists have long documented sexism in language including that it ignores and narrowly defines women. Various strategies have been used to promote gender fair language. There are theoretical debates about the relationships between gender and language—does sexist language perpetuate sexism in society or just reflect it? Regardless, marginalized social groups such as gay and lesbians change language by coining new terms or reclaiming old ones in order to better represent themselves in language.
    • Gender in Interaction

      Weatherall, Ann; Tracy, Karen; Ilie, Cornelia; Sandel, Todd; Victoria University of Wellington (Wiley, 2015-04-27)
      Gender in interaction is a subject area broadly concerned with the ways language in use encodes, performs, and organizes gender and sexuality. The manifestation and realization of gender and sexual identities in language are studied in order to better understand the pervasive ways they organize social life and how they structure patterns of advantage and disadvantage. The field has undergone significant changes since its emergence in the 1970s, most notably away from investigating generalized gender differences.
    • Rough on Women: Abortion in 19th-Century New Zealand, by Margaret Sparrow

      Weatherall, Ann; Victoria University of Wellington (2015-12-01)