Long-term care facilities' response to the COVID-19 pandemic: an international, cross-sectional survey.
Lai, Claudia K. Y.
Sari, Dianis Wulan
Bravo, Jorge D.
Abouzeid, Nesreen A.
Wachholz, Patrick Alexander
Dawood, Shaimaa Samir
Abd El Moneam, Abeer Abd El Galeel
Rodríguez, Ana Beatriz
Alqahtani, Bader A.
Pereira, Catarina Lino Neto
Jenssen, Cathrine Ragna Solheim
Yu, Doris S. F.
Ahmed, Fatma Refaat
Mendes, Felismina Rosa P.
Ahmed, Hanaa Abou El-soued Hussein
Avci, Ilknur Aydin
Horne, Joanna Kathryn
Liu, Justina Yw
Abd El Moniem, Maha Mohammed
Abdelgawad, Mohamed Ezzelregal
Subu, Muhammad Arsyad
Almadani, Noura A.
Rodrigues Garcia, Renata Cunha Matheus
Chien, Wai Tong
Cavalcanti, Yuri Wanderley
AffiliationUniversity of Tokyo
Ankara Medipol University
Hong Kong Polytechnic University
University of Extremadura
Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Universidade de Évora
Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University
Universidade Estadual Paulista
Prince of Songkla University
University of Bedfordshire
Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University
University of Sharjah
An Nasher Institute of Healh Sciences
Ondokuz Mayıs University
Collaboration Physiotherapy School YAB
Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah
University of Tokyo Hospital
University of Tsukuba
University of Campinas
Prapokklao Nursing College
Chinese University of Hong Kong
Chiba Prefectural University of Health Sciences
Federal University of Paraiba
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AbstractTo (i) assess the adherence of long-term care (LTC) facilities to the COVID-19 prevention and control recommendations, (ii) identify predictors of this adherence and (iii) examine the association between the adherence level and the impact of the pandemic on selected unfavourable conditions. Cross-sectional survey. Managers (n = 212) and staff (n = 2143) of LTC facilities (n = 223) in 13 countries/regions (Brazil, Egypt, England, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Norway, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Thailand and Turkey) evaluated the adherence of LTC facilities to COVID-19 prevention and control recommendations and the impact of the pandemic on unfavourable conditions related to staff, residents and residents' families. The characteristics of participants and LTC facilities were also gathered. Data were collected from April to October 2021. The study was reported following the STROBE guidelines. The adherence was significantly higher among facilities with more pre-pandemic in-service education on infection control and easier access to information early in the pandemic. Residents' feelings of loneliness and feeling down were the most affected conditions by the pandemic. More psychological support to residents was associated with fewer residents' aggressive behaviours, and more psychological support to staff was associated with less work-life imbalance. Pre-pandemic preparedness significantly shaped LTC facilities' response to the pandemic. Adequate psychological support to residents and staff might help mitigate the negative impacts of infection outbreaks. This is the first study to comprehensively examine the adherence of LTC facilities to COVID-19 prevention and control recommendations. The results demonstrated that the adherence level was significantly related to pre-pandemic preparedness and that adequate psychological support to staff and residents was significantly associated with less negative impacts of the pandemic on LTC facilities' staff and residents. The results would help LTC facilities prepare for and respond to future infection outbreaks. No Patient or Public Contribution.
CitationEltaybani S, Igarashi A, Cal A, Lai CKY, Carrasco C, Sari DW, Cho E, Haugan G, Bravo JD, Abouzeid NA, Wachholz PA, Isaramalai SA, Dawood SS, Pappas Y, Abd El Moneam AAEG, Rodríguez AB, Alqahtani BA, Pereira CLN, Jenssen CRS, Yu DSF, Ahmed FR, Mendes FRP, Randhawa G, Ahmed HAEH, Suzuki H, Prambudi H, Avci IA, Waluyo I, Nurbaeti I, Vseteckova J, Horne JK, Liu JY, Ingstad K, Kashiwabara K, Grant L, Abd El Moniem MM, Sakka M, Abdelgawad ME, Subu MA, Kentzer N, Almadani NA, Tomas-Carus P, Rodrigues Garcia RCM, Indarwati R, Maneerat S, Chien WT, Amamiya Y, Cavalcanti YW, Yamamoto-Mitani N (2023) 'Long-term care facilities' response to the COVID-19 pandemic: an international, cross-sectional survey', Journal of Advanced Nursing, 80 (1), pp.350-365.
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
SponsorsThis study was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant (number: JP20K23127); any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this study are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the authors' organization, the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS), or the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan (MEXT). The conduct of this study was self-supported at each site. Data collection in Spain was supported by the Regional Government of Extremadura-ERDF funds under Grant BBB021- GR21042.
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