Recep Tayyip Erdogan
Kurdish nationalist movement
Kurdistan workers party – PKK
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractThis research focuses on the legitimacy of the Kurds (an ethnic group with Indo-European origins) in Turkey that aims to create an independent nation-state. The study highlights the gaps and disputes between Turkey and the European Union and how they perceive and represent 'Kurdistan' and their matter of legitimacy. The contributions to knowledge are firstly outlining the gaps and disputes of Turkey and the EU to relate this to the legitimacy of the Kurds. Then the interpretive findings will provide insight into the Kurdish legitimacy since 2002 with the Justice and Development Party) in Turkey. Moreover, this research will build this study on other authors' work based on Kurdish legitimacy, nationalism, and identity. By conducting interpretive methodological research, the researcher endeavored to extend the understanding of Turkey, the EU, and the Kurds themselves. The study was investigated with semi-structured interviews conducted among experts from Turkey, the EU, and the Kurds. The generated data was from thematic analysis and the examination outcome from semi-structured interviews, and thematic analysis performed themes: nationhood, Treaty of Lausanne, EU support/against Kurdistan, PKK, and Kurdish Ethnicity. The research findings illustrated the gaps and disputes in how Turkey and the EU understood and approached meanings connected with nationalism, political legitimacy, and political identity. Overall, the Kurdish people understand their identity being tied to Turkey and having a legitimate claim to nationhood and feeling discriminated against. Moreover, the EU supports this, acknowledging that they were once a nation and had a separate history, making the situation politically challenging. Although EU members seem to view the Kurds as a subset of the Turkish population and not as independent or legitimate political entities, this creates disagreements about identity and legitimacy and how Kurdish lands should be pitiably addressed and formally organised. IV The dispute is twofold: whether or not 'Kurdistan' should have legitimacy and, second, who is in the place to provide it. To the EU, Turkey should individually recognize Kurds by providing democratic representation in Turkey and the EU. Turkish perceptive, this will undermine Turkish unity and power. Finally, Kurdish perspective, Kurds will gain legitimacy either through political means or by force. However, this has resulted from conflicts between the Kurdish representation in different political parties, so the methods used by those organizations escalate, deepening the lines of the dispute and moving all parties away from resolution. Turkey, the EU, and Kurds have in common that they recognize the geographic borders of Kurdistan related to Turkey and not to a larger geographic area. Kurdish position is the recognition of Kurdistan as an ancestral government, while the EU position is unique. After all, it takes not personal approach by Kurdistan description because it recognizes historical significance. Moreover, to Turkey, the Kurdish claim is terroristic, and the EU desires to support it because the EU does not understand why it is impossible. The EU sees PKK as a legitimate political organization. Thus, there is much descent and a considerable gap between Kurds and Turkish perspectives, and no easy solution to the legitimacy issue in the current politics.
CitationKaynar, S. (2021) ' 'Kurdistan' Today: A Study of Perceived Legitimacy'. 2. MA by Research thesis. University of Bedfordshire.
PublisherUniversity of Bedfordshire
TypeThesis or dissertation
DescriptionA thesis submitted to the University of Bedfordshire, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of MA by Research thesis.
The following license files are associated with this item:
- Creative Commons
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International