Distribution and pathogenicity of Beauveria bassiana in soil with earthworm action and feeding
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AbstractEarthworm action and feeding have an important impact on a variety of microorganisms in the soil. However, the effects of the earthworm on Beauveria bassiana, a common entomopathogenic fungus in the biological control of pests, have been little studied. In this study, the epigeic earthworm species Eisenia fetida (Savigny) was selected to evaluate its impact on B. bassiana TST05 including its distribution in soil and its pathogenicity to target insects. By testing B. bassiana TST05 distribution, biomass in soil, viable spore germination rate, and pathogenicity to insect larvae after passing through the earthworm gut, the results showed that the activity and feeding of E. fetida promoted the B. bassiana TST05 diffusing downwards in the soil, while decreasing active fungal spores. After passing through the earthworm gut and excretion, the living B. bassiana individuals still had activity and pathogenicity to insects. The germination rate of the viable fungal spores was 15.09% and the infection rate to the insect larvae of Atrijuglans hetaohei Yang reached 62.35%, 80.95% and 100% after infection at 7 d, 10 d, and 14 d, respectively. The results showed that action and feeding of earthworms promoted the distribution of B. bassiana TST05 in soil, but decreased B. bassiana viable spores. This study is important for understanding the interaction between earthworms and B. bassiana in soil and for guiding the scientific application of B. bassiana in the biological control of pests.
CitationZhou X, Liang W, Zhang Y, Crabbe MJC, Ren Z, Xie Y (2022) 'Distribution and pathogenicity of Beauveria bassiana in soil with earthworm action and feeding', PLoS ONE, 17 (10)
SponsorsThe study was funded by the Shanxi Science [grant numbers 20130311011-3]; Technology Key Project (In Agriculture) of China [grant number 20140311017-6]; and Science and Technology Innovation Project of Shanxi Education Department [grant number 2019L0065].
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