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dc.contributor.authorEpton, Tracy
dc.contributor.authorGhio, Daniela
dc.contributor.authorBallard, Lisa M.
dc.contributor.authorAllen, Sarah F.
dc.contributor.authorKassianos, Angelos P.
dc.contributor.authorHewitt, Rachael
dc.contributor.authorSwainston, Katherine
dc.contributor.authorFynn, Wendy Irene
dc.contributor.authorRowland, Vickie
dc.contributor.authorWestbrook, Juliette
dc.contributor.authorJenkinson, Elizabeth
dc.contributor.authorMorrow, Alison
dc.contributor.authorMcGeechan, Grant J.
dc.contributor.authorStanescu, Sabina
dc.contributor.authorYousuf, Aysha A.
dc.contributor.authorSharma, Nisha
dc.contributor.authorBegum, Suhana
dc.contributor.authorKarasouli, Eleni
dc.contributor.authorScanlan, Daniel
dc.contributor.authorShorter, Gillian
dc.contributor.authorArden, Madelynne A.
dc.contributor.authorArmitage, Chris
dc.contributor.authorO'Connor, Daryl B.
dc.contributor.authorKamal, Atiya
dc.contributor.authorMcBride, Emily
dc.contributor.authorSwanson, Vivien
dc.contributor.authorHart, Jo
dc.contributor.authorByrne-Davis, Lucie
dc.contributor.authorChater, Angel M.
dc.contributor.authorDrury, John
dc.identifier.citationEpton T, Ghio D, Ballard LM, Allen SF, Kassianos AP, Hewitt R, Swainston K, Fynn WI, Rowland V, Westbrook J, Jenkinson E, Morrow A, McGeechan GJ, Stanescu S, Yousuf AA, Sharma N, Begum S, Karasouli E, Scanlan D, Shorter GW, Arden MA, Armitage CJ, O'Connor DB, Kamal A, McBride E, Swanson V, Hart J, Byrne-Davis L, Chater A, Drury J (2022) 'Interventions to promote physical distancing behaviour during infectious disease pandemics or epidemics: a systematic review', Social Science and Medicine, 303 (114946)en_US
dc.description.abstractPhysical distancing, defined as keeping 1-2m apart when co-located, can prevent cases of droplet or aerosol transmitted infectious diseases such as SARS-CoV2. During the COVID-19 pandemic, distancing was a recommendation or a requirement in many countries. This systematic review aimed to determine which interventions and behavior change techniques (BCTs) are effective in promoting adherence to distancing and through which potential mechanisms of action (MOAs). Six databases were searched. The review included studies that were (a) conducted on humans, (b) reported physical distancing interventions, (c) included any comparator (e.g., pre-intervention versus post-intervention; randomized controlled trial), and (d) reported actual distancing or predictors of distancing behavior. Risk of bias was assessed using the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool. BCTs and potential MoAs were identified in each intervention. Six articles (with seven studies and 19 comparisons) indicated that distancing interventions could successfully change MoAs and behavior. Successful BCTs (MoAs) included feedback on behavior (e.g., motivation); information about health consequences, salience of health consequences (e.g., beliefs about consequences), demonstration (e.g., beliefs about capabilities), and restructuring the physical environment (e.g., environmental context and resources). The most promising interventions were proximity buzzers, directional systems, and posters with loss-framed messages that demonstrated the behaviors. The evidence indicates several BCTs and potential MoAs that should be targeted in interventions and highlights gaps that should be the focus of future research.en_US
dc.rightsGreen - can archive pre-print and post-print or publisher's version/PDF
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.subjectCOVID-19 pandemicen_US
dc.subjectphysical distancingen_US
dc.subjectSubject Categories::H123 Public Health Engineeringen_US
dc.titleInterventions to promote physical distancing behaviour during infectious disease pandemics or epidemics: a systematic reviewen_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Manchesteren_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Southamptonen_US
dc.contributor.departmentTeesside Universityen_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity College Londonen_US
dc.contributor.departmentCardiff Universityen_US
dc.contributor.departmentLondon Borough of Haveringen_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Bathen_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of the West of Englanden_US
dc.contributor.departmentRoyal National Orthopaedic Hospitalen_US
dc.contributor.departmentCity University of Londonen_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Warwicken_US
dc.contributor.departmentEducation Support, Londonen_US
dc.contributor.departmentQueen's University Belfasten_US
dc.contributor.departmentSheffield Hallam Universityen_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Leedsen_US
dc.contributor.departmentBirmingham City Universityen_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Stirlingen_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Bedfordshireen_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Sussexen_US
dc.contributor.departmentSurrey County Councilen_US
dc.identifier.journalSocial Science and Medicineen_US
dc.description.notegold open access

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