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dc.contributor.authorPapadopoulos, Chris
dc.contributor.authorCastro, Nina
dc.contributor.authorNigath, Abiha
dc.contributor.authorDavidson, Rosemary
dc.contributor.authorFaulkes, Nicholas
dc.contributor.authorMenicatti, Roberto
dc.contributor.authorKhaliq, Ali Abdul
dc.contributor.authorRecchiuto, Carmine Tommaso
dc.contributor.authorBattistuzzi, Linda
dc.contributor.authorRandhawa, Gurch
dc.contributor.authorMerton, Len
dc.contributor.authorKanoria, Sanjeev
dc.contributor.authorChong, Nak Young
dc.contributor.authorKamide, Hiroko
dc.contributor.authorHewson, David
dc.contributor.authorSgorbissa, Antonio
dc.contributor.illustrator
dc.date.accessioned2021-05-21T08:41:40Z
dc.date.available2021-04-23T00:00:00Z
dc.date.available2021-05-21T08:41:40Z
dc.date.issued2021-04-23
dc.identifier.citationPapadopoulos C, Castro N, Nigath A, Davidson R, Faulkes N, Menicatti R, Khaliq AA, Recchiuto C, Battistuzzi L, Randhawa G, Merton L, Kanoria S, Chong NY, Kamide H, Hewson D, Sgorbissa A (2021) 'The CARESSES randomised controlled trial: exploring the health-related impact of culturally competent artificial intelligence embedded into socially assistive robots and tested in oder adult care homes', International Journal of Social Robotics, (), pp.1-12.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1875-4791
dc.identifier.pmid33907589
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s12369-021-00781-x
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10547/624972
dc.description.abstractThis trial represents the final stage of the CARESSES project which aimed to develop and evaluate a culturally competent artificial intelligent system embedded into social robots to support older adult wellbeing. A parallel group, single-blind randomised controlled trial was conducted across older adult care homes in England and Japan. Participants randomly allocated to the Experimental Group or Control Group 1 received a Pepper robot for up 18 h across 2 weeks. Two versions of the CARESSES artificial intelligence were tested: a fully culturally competent system (Experimental Group) and a more limited version (Control Group 1). Control Group 2 (Care As Usual) participants did not receive a robot. Quantitative outcomes of interest reported in the current paper were health-related quality of life (SF-36), loneliness (ULS-8), and perceptions of robotic cultural competence (CCATool-Robotics). Thirty-three residents completed all procedures. The difference in SF-36 Emotional Wellbeing scores between Experimental Group and Care As Usual participants over time was significant (F[1] = 6.614, sig = .019, ηp2 = .258), as was the comparison between Any Robot used and Care As Usual (F[1] = 5.128, sig = .031, ηp2 = .146). There were no significant changes in SF-36 physical health subscales. ULS-8 loneliness scores slightly improved among Experimental and Control Group 1 participants compared to Care As Usual participants, but this was not significant. This study brings new evidence which cautiously supports the value of culturally competent socially assistive robots in improving the psychological wellbeing of older adults residing in care settings.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherSpringeren_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12369-021-00781-xen_US
dc.rightsGreen - can archive pre-print and post-print or publisher's version/PDF
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subjectCARESSESen_US
dc.subjectmental healthen_US
dc.subjectsocially assistive robotsen_US
dc.subjectolder adultsen_US
dc.subjectcultural competenceen_US
dc.subjectSubject Categories::H670 Robotics and Cyberneticsen_US
dc.titleThe CARESSES randomised controlled trial: exploring the health-related impact of culturally competent artificial intelligence embedded into socially assistive robots and tested in oder adult care homesen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Bedfordshireen_US
dc.contributor.departmentAdvinia Health Care Limiteden_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Genovaen_US
dc.contributor.departmentOrebro Universityen_US
dc.contributor.departmentJapan Advanced Institute of Science and Technologyen_US
dc.contributor.departmentNagoya Universityen_US
dc.identifier.journalInternational Journal of Social Roboticsen_US
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC8062829
dc.date.updated2021-05-21T08:35:11Z
dc.description.notegold open access


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