Durotaxis behavior of bEnd.3 cells on soft substrate with patterned platinum nanoparticle array
AffiliationChangchun University of Science and Technology
University of Bedfordshire
cell coupling model
nanotransfer printing methods
Subject Categories::J510 Materials Technology
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AbstractThe directional arrangement of cells has crucial effect in tissue engineering fields such as wound healing and scar repair. Studies have shown that continuous nanostructures have directional regulatory effect on cells, but whether discontinuous nanostructures have the same regulatory effect on cells is also worthy of further study. Here, a series of discontinuous platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs) patterned on the surface of PDMS (PtNPs-PDMS&Glass) and glass (PtNPs-Glass) substrates were developed to investigate the effect on bEnd.3 cell durotaxis. The laser interference lithography and nanotransfer printing method were employed to fabricate the substrates. It was found that about 80% cells orderly arranged on the PtNPs-PDMS&Glass substrate, but only 20% cells orderly arrangement on the PtNPs-Glass substrate, and the number of cells on the PtNPs-PDMS&Glass substrate was five times more than that on the PDMS coated glass substrate (PDMS&Glass). The results suggested that patterning PtNPs on the PDMS substrate not only provided the topographical guidance for cells just like continuous nanostructures, but also promoted cell adhesion and growth. In addition, an improved whole cell coupling model was used to investigate and explain the cell durotaxis from the perspective of mechanism. These findings show the possibility of discontinuous nanostructures in regulating cell arrangement, and offer a useful method for the design of biological functional substrate, as well as help to understand the mechanism of cell durotaxis.
CitationWu X, Li L, Lei Z, Yang F, Liu R, Wang L, Zhu X, Wang Z (2020) 'Durotaxis behavior of bEnd.3 cells on soft substrate with patterned platinum nanoparticle array', Applied Nanoscience, 11, pp.611-620 .
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media
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