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dc.contributor.authorXiong, Wanfang
dc.contributor.authorHan, Yan
dc.contributor.authorCrabbe, M. James C.
dc.contributor.authorYue, Xiao-Guang
dc.identifier.citationXiong W, Han Y, Crabbe MJC, Yue X-G (2020) 'Fiscal expenditures on science and technology and environmental pollution: evidence from China', International Journal of Environmental Pollution and Public Health, 17 , pp.8761-8781.en_US
dc.description.abstractStudying the driving factors of environmental pollution is of great importance for China. Previous literature mainly focused on the cause of national aggregate emission changes. However, research about the effect of fiscal expenditures on science and technology (FESTs) on environmental pollution is rare. Considering the large gap among cities in China, it is necessary to investigate whether and how FESTs affect environmental pollution among cities. We adopted three kinds of typical environmental pollutants including sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions, wastewater emission, and atmospheric particulate matter less than 2.5 micrometers in diameter (PM2.5). Using the data of 260 prefecture-level cities over ten years in China, we found that FESTs play a significantly positive role in reducing sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions and PM2.5 concentrations, but fail to alleviate wastewater emissions. Specifically, for every 1% increase in FESTs, SO2 emissions were reduced by 5.317% and PM2.5 concentrations were reduced by 5.329%. Furthermore, we found that FESTs reduced environmental pollution by impeding fixed asset investments and by promoting research and development activities (R&D). Moreover, the impacts of FESTs on environmental pollution varied across regions and sub-periods. Our results are robust to a series of additional checks, including alternative econometric specifications, generalized method of moments (GMM) analysis and overcoming potential endogeneity with an instrumental variable. Our findings confirm that government efforts can be effective on pollution control in China. Hence, all governments should pay more attention to FESTs for sustainable development and environmental quality improvements.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 71772013).en_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.subjectfiscal expenditures on science and technology (FESTs)en_US
dc.subjectSubject Categories::F853 Pollution Controlen_US
dc.titleFiscal expenditures on science and technology and environmental pollution: evidence from Chinaen_US
dc.contributor.departmentHuazhong University of Science and Technologyen_US
dc.contributor.departmentBeijing Institute of Technologyen_US
dc.contributor.departmentOxford Universityen_US
dc.contributor.departmentShanxi Universityen_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Bedfordshireen_US
dc.contributor.departmentEuropean University Cyprusen_US
dc.contributor.departmentPolitécnico do Portoen_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity Giustino Fortunato
dc.identifier.journalInternational Journal of Environmental Pollution and Public Healthen_US
dc.description.noteopen access article

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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International