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dc.contributor.authorMalik, Nabeel A.
dc.contributor.authorUr-Rehman, Masood
dc.contributor.illustrator
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-04T10:10:16Z
dc.date.available2020-11-04T10:10:16Z
dc.date.issued2017-10-04
dc.identifier.citationMalik N, Ur-Rehman M (2017) 'Green communications: Techniques and challenges', Ozp -Institut fur Staats und Politikwissenschaft-, 4 (14), pp.e4.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1615-5548
dc.identifier.doi10.4108/eai.4-10-2017.153162
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10547/624589
dc.description.abstractGreen technology has drawn a huge amount of attention with the development of the modern world. Similarly with the development in communication technology the industries and researchers are focusing to make this communication as green as possible. In cellular technology the evolution of 5G is the next step to fulfil the user demands and it will be available to the users in 2020. This will increase the energy consumption by which will result in excess emission of co2. In this paper different techniques for the green communication technology and some challenges are discussed. These techniques include device-to-device communication (D2D), massive Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) systems, heterogeneous networks (HetNets) and Green Internet of Things (IoT).en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherEuropean Alliance for Innovationen_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://eudl.eu/doi/10.4108/eai.4-10-2017.153162en_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subjectgreen communicationen_US
dc.subjectHetNets and IoTen_US
dc.subjectD2Den_US
dc.subjectmassive MIMOen_US
dc.subjectSubject Categories::H640 Communications Engineeringen_US
dc.titleGreen communications: techniques and challengesen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Bedfordshireen_US
dc.identifier.journalOzp -Institut fur Staats und Politikwissenschaft-en_US
dc.date.updated2020-11-04T10:04:41Z
dc.description.noteopen access
refterms.dateFOA2020-11-04T10:10:17Z


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