What do we know about child sexual abuse and policing in England and Wales? : evidence briefing for the National Policing Lead for Child Protection and Abuse Investigation
AffiliationUniversity of Bedfordshire
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractThe purpose of this briefing is to provide the National Policing Lead for Child Protection and Abuse Investigation with evidence for consideration in the development of a National Policing Safeguarding Action plan. The methodology can be found in an associated document. This briefing distils key messages from research evidence on policing and child protection in the United Kingdom (UK).
CitationAllnock, D (2015) 'What do we know about child sexual abuse and policing in England and Wales? : evidence briefing for the National Policing Lead for Child Protection and Abuse Investigation'. : University of Bedfordshire.
PublisherUniversity of Bedfordshire
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- Creative Commons
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
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Young people and police making "Marginal Gains": climbing fells, building relationships and changing police safeguarding practiceFactor, Fiona; Ackerley, Elizabeth; University of Bedfordshire; University of Manchester (Emerald, 2019-09-05)Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe a youth work model of participatory research practice which utilises a range of methods within non-traditional research settings, highlighting the importance of trust, risk-taking and the creation of mutually respectful and non-hierarchical relationships. The paper suggests that such methods enable the development of new insights into previously intractable challenges when working with adolescents needing a safeguarding response from professionals. Design/methodology/approach The paper reflects on the challenges and successes of a project which brought police officers and young people together to develop solutions to improving safeguarding responses to young people affected by sexual violence and related forms of harm in adolescence. In particular, this paper focuses on a residential held in October 2016 in the Lake District involving 7 officers and 15 young people. Findings Despite a number of ethical challenges throughout the project, this paper makes the case that potentially high-risk participatory research projects can be supported and managed by university research centres. However, for these to be successful, staff need to work in trauma-informed ways, and possess high-level expertise in group work facilitation. Transparency, honesty, constancy and a range of different and creative activities, including mental and physical challenges, all contributed to the success of the project. Originality/value By detailing the empirical steps taken to develop, support and realise this project, this paper advances a youth work model of participatory research practice, filling an important gap within the methodological literature on participatory work with young people affected by sexual violence.
What do we know about child neglect and policing in England and Wales? : evidence briefing for the National Policing Lead for Child Protection and Abuse InvestigationAllnock, Debra; University of Bedfordshire (University of Bedfordshire, 2015-11-01)The purpose of this briefing is to provide the National Policing Lead for Child Protection and Abuse Investigation with evidence for consideration in the development of a National Safeguarding Action Plan. The methodology used in the reviews can be found in an associated document. This briefing distils key messages from the research evidence on neglect, and considers them within the policing context in England and Wales. However, it is important to note that the research literature on child neglect and policing is almost non-existent. Therefore, the messages which underpin the actions in the National Safeguarding Action Plan are largely based on best available evidence rather than direct evidence. These messages are linked directly to the National Safeguarding Action Plan, which may be read alongside this briefing. The briefing is not intended to be exhaustive, but to raise awareness of the key issues associated with neglect that should be considered by the police.
Policy change and the street level policing of children and young people in a Home Counties police forceMortimore, Judith Ann (University of BedfordshireUniversity of Bedfordshire, 2011-03)New Labour‟s youth justice legislation and the "Every Child Matters" programme contained contradictory imperatives. This research examines how Police Officers and Police Community Support Officers (PCSOs) in a community policing setting operationalised those imperatives in order to reach decisions when dealing with children and young people. The review of literature focusses firstly on New Labour policy relating to children and young people, and secondly describes previous research into the practice of policing juveniles, the resilience of police culture and the key factors identified relating to police officer decision making. No recent British research in this area was located. Four overlapping hypotheses were identified, which were: officers will be more responsive to the "Every Child Matters" policy imperatives; officers will be more responsive to the criminal justice imperatives; managerialism will trump both sets of policy imperatives because it is in the officer‟s interests to respond to the demands of management; and both sets of policy imperatives and managerialism notwithstanding, officers will resort to "common sense" responses informed by their own lay criminologies, scales of values, police culture, and police "practice wisdom". These hypotheses were tested using quantitative and qualitative data from 198 self-reporting postal questionnaires and eight follow-up interviews. The research population comprised Police Officers and Police Community Support Officers engaged in Neighbourhood Policing. The research found that the majority of officers operated according to their own lay methodologies (hypothesis four) within the constraints of managerialism (hypothesis three), which led to officers and PCSOs taking actions which they did not always believe to be the most appropriate. Additionally, ambiguities in the legislation and lack of guidance led to the space for the exercise of officer discretion expanding when they were dealing with children and young people, whilst at the same time there was a lack of training on how they should best engage with this age group.