Evaluation of the risk of falling in institution-dwelling elderly: clinical tests versus biomechanical analysis of stepping-up
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractFalls in the elderly constitute a major socio-economic problem for modern healthcare. The aim of the study was to extract biomechanical parameters to indicate balance level and the risk of falling in the elderly. It is a preliminary work as part of the development of a home-test based on force-plate technology. Seven faller and 12 non-faller elderly subjects performed stepped up onto a forceplate. Each subject was tested once per weekday for three weeks. Tinetti, Mini Mental Scale test (MMS) and the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) scores were measured before the experimentations. Temporal and ground reaction force parameters were measured. The Tinetti test was not correlated with falls in the following six-month period. In contrast, the biomechanical parameters related to the forces measured at foot-contact and to the durations of the phases of the stepping-up were correlated with fall, as well as with MMS and GDS. These results demonstrated that biomechanical parameters could be used as indicators of balance and risk of fall.
CitationMichel-Pellegrino V, Hewson DJ, Drieux M, Duchêne J (2007) 'Evaluation of the risk of falling in institution-dwelling elderly: clinical tests versus biomechanical analysis of stepping-up', Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual Conference, 2007 (), pp.6122-5.
JournalConference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual Conference
- A novel infrared laser device that measures multilateral parameters of stepping performance for assessment of fall risk in elderly individuals [corrected].
- Authors: Nishiguchi S, Yamada M, Uemura K, Matsumura T, Takahashi M, Moriguchi T, Aoyama T
- Issue date: 2013 Jun
- Use of clinical and impairment-based tests to predict falls by community-dwelling older adults.
- Authors: Boulgarides LK, McGinty SM, Willett JA, Barnes CW
- Issue date: 2003 Apr
- Sit to stand in elderly fallers vs non-fallers: new insights from force platform and electromyography data.
- Authors: Chorin F, Cornu C, Beaune B, Frère J, Rahmani A
- Issue date: 2016 Oct
- Measurement of stand-sit and sit-stand transitions using a miniature gyroscope and its application in fall risk evaluation in the elderly.
- Authors: Najafi B, Aminian K, Loew F, Blanc Y, Robert PA
- Issue date: 2002 Aug