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AbstractThree publications were selected based on the strength of the research questions, but also because they represent different research designs that are used with varying degrees of frequency in the pediatric literature. The first, a prospective, longitudinal cohort observation study from 7 to 16 years with girls and boys reports an intrinsic reduction in absolute resting energy expenditure after adjustment for lean mass, fat mass, and biological maturity. The authors suggest this could be related to evolutionary energy conservation, but may be. problematic now that food energy availability is so abundant. The second focuses on the effect of acute exercise on neutrophil reactive oxygen species production and inflammatory markers in independent groups of healthy boys and men. The authors suggested the boys experienced a "sensitized" neutrophil response stimulated by the exercise bout compared with the men; moreover, the findings provided information necessary to design future trials in this important field. In the final study, a dose-response design was used to examine titrated doses of high intensity interval training on cardiometabolic outcomes in adolescent boys. While the authors were unable to identify a recognizable dose-response relationship, there are several design strengths in this study, which was probably underpowered.
CitationTolfrey K, Zakrzewski-Fruer JK, Smallcombe J (2017) 'Metabolism and exercise during youth', Pediatric Exercise Science, 29 (1), pp.39-44.
PublisherHUMAN KINETICS PUBL INC
JournalPediatric Exercise Science
- The Effect of Acute Exercise on Neutrophil Reactive Oxygen Species Production and Inflammatory Markers in Healthy Prepubertal and Adult Males.
- Authors: Liu M, Timmons BW
- Issue date: 2016 Feb
- High intensity interval exercise is an effective alternative to moderate intensity exercise for improving glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in adolescent boys.
- Authors: Cockcroft EJ, Williams CA, Tomlinson OW, Vlachopoulos D, Jackman SR, Armstrong N, Barker AR
- Issue date: 2015 Nov
- Effects of submaximal intensity cycle ergometry for one hour on substrate utilisation in trained prepubertal boys versus trained adults.
- Authors: Foricher JM, Ville N, Gratas-Delamarche A, Delamarche P
- Issue date: 2003 Mar
- Evidence for energy conservation during pubertal growth. A 10-year longitudinal study (EarlyBird 71).
- Authors: Mostazir M, Jeffery A, Hosking J, Metcalf B, Voss L, Wilkin T
- Issue date: 2016 Nov
- Fat oxidation rate and the exercise intensity that elicits maximal fat oxidation decreases with pubertal status in young male subjects.
- Authors: Riddell MC, Jamnik VK, Iscoe KE, Timmons BW, Gledhill N
- Issue date: 2008 Aug