The standard plenoptic camera: applications of a geometrical light field model
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AbstractThe plenoptic camera is an emerging technology in computer vision able to capture a light field image from a single exposure which allows a computational change of the perspective view just as the optical focus, known as refocusing. Until now there was no general method to pinpoint object planes that have been brought to focus or stereo baselines of perspective views posed by a plenoptic camera. Previous research has presented simplified ray models to prove the concept of refocusing and to enhance image and depth map qualities, but lacked promising distance estimates and an efficient refocusing hardware implementation. In this thesis, a pair of light rays is treated as a system of linear functions whose solution yields ray intersections indicating distances to refocused object planes or positions of virtual cameras that project perspective views. A refocusing image synthesis is derived from the proposed ray model and further developed to an array of switch-controlled semi-systolic FIR convolution filters. Their real-time performance is verified through simulation and implementation by means of an FPGA using VHDL programming. A series of experiments is carried out with different lenses and focus settings, where prediction results are compared with those of a real ray simulation tool and processed light field photographs for which a blur metric has been considered. Predictions accurately match measurements in light field photographs and signify deviations of less than 0.35 % in real ray simulation. A benchmark assessment of the proposed refocusing hardware implementation suggests a computation time speed-up of 99.91 % in comparison with a state-of-the-art technique. It is expected that this research supports in the prototyping stage of plenoptic cameras and microscopes as it helps specifying depth sampling planes, thus localising objects and provides a power-efficient refocusing hardware design for full-video applications as in broadcasting or motion picture arts.
CitationHahne, C. (2016) 'The standard plenoptic camera: applications of a geometrical light field model'
PublisherUniversity of Bedfordshire
TypeThesis or dissertation
DescriptionA thesis submitted to the University of Bedfordshire, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy
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