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The mediation and organisation of gestures in vocabulary instructions: a microgenetic analysis of interactions in a beginning-level adult ESOL classroomThere is limited research on second language (L2) vocabulary teaching and learning which provides fine-grained descriptions of how vocabulary explanations (VE) are interactionally managed in beginning-level L2 classrooms where learners have a limited L2 repertoire, and how the VEs could contribute to the learners’ conceptual understanding of the meaning(s) of the target vocabulary items (VIs). To address these research gaps, we used a corpus of classroom video-data from a beginning-level adult ESOL classroom in the United States and applied Conversation Analysis to examine how the class teacher employs various gestural and linguistic resources to construct L2 VEs. We also conducted a 4-month microgenetic analysis to document qualitative changes in learners’ understanding of the meaning of specific L2 VIs which were previously explained by the teacher. Findings revealed that the learners’ use of gestures allows for an externalization of thinking processes providing visible output for inspection by the teacher and peers. These findings can inform educators’ understanding about L2 vocabulary development as a gradual process of controlling the right gestural and linguistic resources for appropriate communicative purposes.
Vocabulary explanations in beginning-level adult ESOL classroom interactions: a conversation analysis perspectiveRecent studies have examined the interactional organisation of vocabulary explanations (VEs) in second language (L2) classrooms. Nevertheless, more work is needed to better understand how VEs are provided inthese classrooms, particularly in beginning-level English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) classroom contexts where students have different first languages (L1s) and limited English proficiency and theshared linguistic resources between the teacher and learners are typically limited. Based on a corpus of beginning-level adult ESOL lessons, this conversation-analytic study offers insights into how VEs are interactionally managed in such classrooms. Our findings contribute to the current literature in shedding light on thenature of VEs in beginning-level ESOL classrooms.