• Assessment for learning in language education

      Green, Anthony (Urmia University, 2018-10-01)
      This paper describes the growing interest in assessment for learning (AfL) approaches in language education. It explains the term, traces the origins of AfL in developments in general education and considers the evidence for its claimed impact on learning outcomes. The paper sets out some of the challenges involved in researching, implementing and evaluating AfL initiatives in the context of language teaching and learning and considers how this may impact on our field in the future.
    • Language learning gains among users of English Liulishuo

      Green, Anthony; O'Sullivan, Barry; LAIX (LAIX, 2019-02-26)
      This study investigated improvements in English language ability (as measured by the British Council Aptis test) among 746 users of the English Liulishuo app, the flagship mobile app produced by LAIX Inc. (NYSE:LAIX), taking courses at three levels over a period of approximately two months.
    • Second language listening: current ideas, current issues

      Field, John (Cambridge University Press, 2019-06-01)
      This chapter starts by mentioning the drawbacks of the approach conventionally adopted in L2 listening instruction – in particular, its focus on the products of listening rather than the processes that contribute to it. It then offers an overview of our present understanding of what those processes are, drawing upon research findings in psycholinguistics, phonetics and Applied Linguistics. Section 2 examines what constitutes proficient listening and how the performance of an L2 listener diverges from it; and Section 3 considers the perceptual problems caused by the nature of spoken input. Subsequent sections then cover various areas of research in L2 listening. Section 4 provides a brief summary of topics that have been of interest to researchers over the years; and Section 5 reviews the large body of research into listening strategies. Section 6 then covers a number of interesting issues that have come to the fore in recent studies: multimodality, levels of listening vocabulary, cross-language phoneme perception, the use of a variety of accents, the validity of playing a recording twice, text authenticity and listening anxiety. A final section identifies one or two recurring themes that have arisen, and considers how instruction is likely to develop in future.