Browsing English language learning and assessment by Subjects
Now showing items 1-3 of 3
Implementing a learning-oriented approach within English Language assessment in Hong Kong schools: practices, issues and complexities.This paper provides an overview of the multiple studies carried out between 2005 and 2011 on the Hong Kong School-based assessment (SBA), which was designed to implement an assessment for learning philosophy, and places the work within a learning-oriented language assessment (LOLA) paradigm (Hamp-Lyons & Green 2014) which is growing worldwide. The Hong Kong SBA continues to be used Hong Kong-wide to formatively assess the English as a second language speaking of all students in secondary years 4, 5 and 6. After discussing the structure and goals of this innovative assessment and its teacher language assessment literacy aims and processes, the chapter then discusses some of the constraints and issues, which have inhibited the degree to which the intended consequences have transpired. It points to compulsory ‘statistical moderation’, which undermines teachers’ trust in the new system; and to local contextual issues such as heavy reliance on ‘cram schools’, competition among school and teachers’ perceptions of fairness as being ‘the same for everyone’.
Language assessment literacy for learning-oriented language assessmentA small-scale and exploratory study explored a set of authentic speaking test video samples from the Cambridge: First (First Certificate of English) speaking test, in order to learn whether, and where, opportunities might be revealed in, or inserted into formal speaking tests, order to provide language assessment literacy opportunities for language teachers teaching in test preparation courses as well as teachers training to become speaking test raters. By paying particular attention to some basic components of effective interaction that we would want an examiner or interlocutor to exhibit if they seek to encourage interactive responses from test candidates. Looking closely at body language (in particular eye contact; intonation, pacing and pausing), management of turn-taking, and elicitation of candidate-candidate interaction we saw ways in which a shift in focus to view tests as learning opportunities is possible: we call this new focus learning-oriented language assessment (LOLA).
Purposes of assessmentCommissioned as the lead paper in the Volume, this chapter shows how the terms assessment, testing, examining and evaluation have become increasingly intertwined, and multiple new terms have emerged. The chapter takes a somewhat historical view as it lays out a picture of the ways that the field of language ‘assessment’ has expanded its knowledge and skills but also its socio-political effects. Taking the notion of ‘purposes’ as a broad organizing principle, the chapter is intended to introduce new readers in this field to the wide range of issues current in the field, and prepare them for the more specific chapters that follow.