• Defining integrated reading-into-writing constructs: evidence at the B2 C1 interface

      Chan, Sathena Hiu Chong (Cambridge University Press, 2018-06-01)
    • IELTS washback in context: preparation for academic writing in higher education

      Green, Anthony (Cambridge University Press, 2007-12-01)
      The International English Language Testing System (IELTS) plays a key role in international student access to universities around the world. Although IELTS includes a direct test of writing, it has been suggested that test preparation may hinder international students from acquiring academic literacy skills required for university study. This study investigates the washback of the IELTS Writing test on English for Academic Purposes (EAP) provision.
    • Placing construct definition at the heart of assessment: research, design and a priori validation

      Chan, Sathena Hiu Chong; Latimer, Nicola (Cambridge University Press, 2020-04-01)
      In this chapter, we will first highlight Professor Cyril Weir’s major research into the nature of academic reading. Using one of his test development pro- jects as an example, we will describe how the construct of academic reading was operationalised in the local context of a British university by theoretical construct definition together with empirical analyses of students’ reading patterns on the test through eye-tracking. As we progress through the chapter we reflect on how Weir’s various research projects fed into the development of the test and a new method of analysing eye-tracking data in relation to different types of reading.
    • Study writing: a course in written English for academic purposes

      Hamp-Lyons, Liz; Heasley, Ben (Cambridge University Press, 2006-07-01)
      Study Writing is an ideal reference book for EAP students who want to write better academic essays, projects, research articles or theses. The book helps students at intermediate level develop their academic writing skills and strategies by: * introducing key concepts in academic writing, such as the role of generalizations and definitions, and their application. * exploring the use of information structures, including those used to develop and present an argument. * familiarizing learners with the characteristics of academic genre and analysing the grammar and vocabulary associated with them. * encouraging students to seek feedback on their own writing and analyse expert writers' texts in order to become more reflective and effective writers. This second edition has been updated to reflect modern thinking in the teaching of writing. It includes more recent texts in the disciplines presented and takes into account new media and the growth of online resources.