• Reliability of an experimental method to analyse the impact point on a golf ball during putting

      Richardson, Ashley K; Mitchell, Andrew C.S.; Hughes, Gerwyn T.G.; University of Abertay Dundee; University of Bedfordshire; University of Hertfordshire (ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2015-06-23)
      This study aimed to examine the reliability of an experimental method identifying the location of the impact point on a golf ball during putting. Forty trials were completed using a mechanical putting robot set to reproduce a putt of 3.2m, with four different putter-ball combinations. After locating the centre of the dimple pattern (centroid) the following variables were tested; distance of the impact point from the centroid, angle of the impact point from the centroid and distance of the impact point from the centroid derived from the X, Y coordinates. Good to excellent reliability was demonstrated in all impact variables reflected in very strong relative (ICC=0.98-1.00) and absolute reliability (SEM%=0.9-4.3%). The highest SEM% observed was 7% for the angle of the impact point from the centroid. In conclusion, the experimental method was shown to be reliable at locating the centroid location of a golf ball, therefore allowing for the identification of the point of impact with the putter head and is suitable for use in subsequent studies.