• Factors influencing routine cognitive impairment screening in older at-risk drinkers: findings from a qualitative study in the United Kingdom

      Madoc-Jones, Iolo; Wadd, Sarah; Elliott, Lawrie; Whittaker, Anne; Adnum, Laura; Close, Ciara; Seddon, Jennifer L.; Dutton, Maureen; McCann, Michelle; Wilson, Fiona (Wiley, 2020-07-14)
      Cognitive Impairment (CI) screening is recommended for those engaged in harmful levels of alcohol use. However, there is a lack of evidence on implementation. This paper explores the barriers and facilitators to CI screening experienced across a service specifically for older drinkers. The findings draw on data gathered as part of an evaluation of a multilevel programme to reduce alcohol-related harm in adults aged 50 and over in five demonstration areas across the United Kingdom. It is based on qualitative interviews and focus groups with 14 service providers and 22 service users. Findings are presented thematically under the section headings: acceptability of screening, interpretation and making sense of screening and treatment options. It is suggested that engagement with CI screening is most likely when its fit with agency culture and its purpose is clear; where service providers have the technical skills to administer and discuss the results of screening with service users; and where those undertaking screening have had the opportunity to reflect on their own experience of being screened. Engagement with CI screening is also most likely where specific intervention pathways and engagement practices can be accessed to respond to assessed need.
    • Families and Communities Against Child Sexual Exploitation (FCASE) : final evaluation report

      D'Arcy, Kate; Dhaliwal, Sukhwant; Thomas, Roma; Brodie, Isabelle; Pearce, Jenny J.; University of Bedfordshire (Barnardo’s and University of Bedfordshire, 2015-01-01)
      This is the final evaluation report for the Barnardo’s Families and Communities Against Sexual Exploitation project (FCASE), produced by the International Centre, researching Child Sexual Exploitation, Violence and Trafficking at the University of Bedfordshire. The programme was launched in April 2013, funded by the Department for Education (DfE) and concluded in March 2015. The evaluation was undertaken during the same period. The FCASE model has been piloted in three sites, which for the purposes of this report have been anonymised and will be referred to using pseudonyms. It consists of the following elements: a structured programme of six to eight weeks direct work with young people and families where a risk of child sexual exploitation (CSE) has been identified; delivery of CSE training with professionals; and undertaking community awareness raising. The evaluation has been informed by a range of qualitative data. The report identifies the elements that work well and some of the challenges in its implementation. This had been done in order to determine good practice in supporting families and communities and embed more effective practice on protecting children and young people, including those in foster care, from sexual exploitation, harnessing the protective factors within a child’s family and/or foster home. The learning from the project is intended to help other agencies to implement the FCASE model. An on-line learning resource is to be produced in order to facilitate this process1
    • Family safeguarding Hertfordshire

      Forrester, Donald; Lynch, Amy; Bostock, Lisa; Newlands, Fiona; Cary, Alex; Preston, Bart; University of Cardiff; University of Bedfordshire (Department for Education, 2017-07-06)
      Family Safeguarding Hertfordshire is a reform of children’s services that aims to improve how these services work with families, and outcomes for children and their parents. The report evaluates the project and presents local and national lessons.
    • Focus on Practice in three London boroughs: an evaluation

      Cameron, Claire; Elliot, Heather; Iqbal, Humera; Munro, Emily; Owen, Charlie (Department for Education, 2016-01-01)
      Focus on Practice introduced systemic training and systems level changes to family social work in three London Boroughs. Beginning in 2014, the local authorities employed clinicians (family therapists and clinical psychologists), embarked on a programme of training for over 500 social workers and other related practitioners, over 160 supervising practitioners, and senior managers. In addition, changes to recording were introduced. Other elements of Focus on Practice were investment in an observation and coaching and motivational interviewing programme, parenting programmes and Signs of Safety. The programme was designed to bring greater coherence and confidence to social work practice, and aimed at embedding a new culture based on systems thinking, reducing the number of re-referrals of family cases and reducing the number of children in care. Thomas Coram Research Unit, UCL Institute of Education was commissioned to evaluate the programme between May 2015 and March 2017. Given the broad scope of Focus on Practice, the evaluation focuses more narrowly on the implementation context and the impact of the systemic training and allied systems changes to social workers, team leaders and managers in assessment practice, and those working with families in the longer term. Practice scenarios were used to ascertain the extent to which respondents aligned their work with the intended learning outcomes of the training, alongside interviews designed to elicit perspectives and experiences. Families’ views were also investigated through interviews, network maps and a family functioning tool called SCORE-15.Administrative data was used to assess child and cost outcomes and changes in how time was spent were assessed using a survey informed by focus group discussion.
    • ‘For a while out of orbit’: listening to what unaccompanied asylum-seeking/refugee children in the UK say about their rights and experiences in private foster care

      Connolly, Helen; University of Bedfordshire (SAGE, 2014-11-11)
      There is little in the existing refugee or child welfare literature on the circumstances and needs of unaccompanied asylum-seeking and refugee children living in private foster care in the UK. This article reports on what these young people themselves have to say about their experiences of such placements. Their stories have been extrapolated from the findings of a narrative-based research project with 29 unaccompanied asylum-seeking children that explored the ways in which they perceived and experienced the rights of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC, 1989). The findings suggest the existence of a negative relationship between these rights and systems of monitoring and protection in the UK, and the vulnerability of unaccompanied children in private foster care to neglect, material hardship, abuse and exploitation.
    • From 'no further action' to taking action: England's shifting social work responses to extra-familial harm

      Firmin, Carlene Emma; Lloyd, Jenny; Walker, Joanne; Owens, Rachael; University of Bedfordshire (Policy Press, 2021-07-15)
      In 2018, England’s safeguarding guidelines were amended to explicitly recognise a need for child protection responses to extra-familial harms. This article explores the feasibility of these amendments, using quantitative and qualitative analysis of case-file data, as well as reflective workshops, from five children’s social care services in England and Wales, in the context of wider policy and practice frameworks that guide the delivery of child protection systems and responses to harm beyond families. Green shoots of contextual social work practice were evident in the data set. However, variance within and across participating services raises questions about whether contextual social work responses to extra-familial harm are sustainable in child protection systems dominated by a focus on parental responsibility. Opportunities to use contextual responses to extra-familial harm as a gateway to reform individualised child protection practices more broadly are also discussed.
    • From a whisper to a shout: a call to end violence against children in alternative care

      Brodie, Isabelle; D'Arcy, Kate; University of Bedfordshire; SOS Children's Villages International (University of Bedfordshire, SOS Children's Villages International, 2014-01-01)
      In 2009, the UN endorsed the Guidelines for the Alternative Care of Children (the Guidelines). These set out “desirable orientations for policy and practice” to “enhance” the implementation of the UNCRC for children in alternative care. The Guidelines reiterate the right of “Every child and young person [to] live in a supportive, protective and caring environment that promotes his/her full potential”. This report draws on evidence from an extensive global literature review, and assessments of the implementation of the Guidelines in 21 countries around the world. It makes bold claims about high levels of vulnerability and risk of violence facing children in alternative care, but concludes that violence is not inevitable, and with an emphasis on providing quality care it is possible to mitigate the risks of harm for all children.
    • From genograms to peer-group mapping: introducing peer relationships into social work assessment and intervention

      Firmin, Carlene Emma (Policy Press, 2017-10-27)
      Despite evidence that young people’s peer relationships are associated with their experiences of abuse, child protection guidance directs social work practice to be primarily focused on the assessment of, and intervention with, families. Presenting data from two studies into the nature of, and safeguarding response to, peer abuse in England, this article questions the familial parameters of child protection frameworks, and evidences the need to include peer group relationships within social work assessment. Drawing on Bourdieu’s sociological theory, a conceptual framework is used to evidence that familial-focused practice fails to address the extra-familial social conditions in which peer abuse manifests. Complimenting an international evidence base that promotes ecological responses to adolescent welfare and social service development, this article suggests that advancing knowledge of peer group assessment and intervention should form a central part of the child protection research agenda.
    • From research question to practice research methodology

      Fisher, Mike (Routledge, 2020-04-30)
      This chapter concerns whether practice research might offer a solution to this conundrum at its most basic level–what should be researched and how? It concerns the way the problem or issue is conceptualised and what methods of research flow from these initial decisions. The chapter adopts a deliberately pragmatic and concrete stance, attempting to reflect the predominantly practical concerns of practitioners. Social workers address inherently complex problems – how to ensure children are safe but have the freedom to explore, how to respect a client’s autonomy in the face of demands that ‘something should be done’, how to support communities to oppose harmful development without destroying economic opportunity. The technology of systematic reviews is evolving rapidly, and now offers alternatives to the lengthy prescriptions of classical methods.
    • From the ground up: young research advisors' perspectives on relationships between participation and protection

      Hamilton, CJ; Rodgers, Abbie; Howard, Keeley; Warrington, Camille; University of Bedfordshire (Emerald, 2019-09-05)
      Purpose This contribution is co-authored by three members of the Young Researchers' Advisory Panel (YRAP) at the International Centre: Researching child sexual exploitation, violence and trafficking (IC) at the University of Bedfordshire, and supported by an academic researcher (Camille). The purpose of this paper is to reflect the group's discussions about the relationship between children's participation and protection, considered within the context of the group's role and work. Design/methodology/approach A collaborative reflection piece co-produced through discussions between young research advisors and academic colleagues. Findings This paper shows the young researchers' perspectives on the relationship between and interdependencies of child protection and child participation. Originality/value A unique contribution capturing children and young people's perspectives on the journal's theme and other contributions to it.
    • From victimhood to sisterhood part II – exploring the possibilities of transformation and solidarity in qualitative research

      Salter, Leah Karen (Routledge, 2017-02-15)
      This paper will build on ‘From Victimhood to Sisterhood’, previously published in this journal; to answer some of the questions posed to and by the author relating to the complexities of being a practice-based/insider researcher. The paper provides a context to the inter-related practices of the author as a psychotherapist, a group facilitator and a doctoral researcher; with particular reference to her work (as both a practitioner and researcher) with women who have been sexually abused. The (potentially isolating) context of practising in an island community alongside stories of connection is offered within a frame of ‘solidarity’. Developing ideas from the first paper, which as a reflective piece, featured a first person, auto-ethnographic account of the author’s practice, this paper positions itself more firmly as aligned with research as social action.
    • From victimhood to sisterhood – a practice-based reflexive inquiry into narrative informed group work with women who have experienced sexual abuse

      Salter, Leah Karen (Routledge, 2015-11-09)
      This paper will present some of the relational contexts and considerations of a female therapist’s role within an island community group for women who have shared experiences of abuse and injustice; her relationship to the group, to her systemic and narrative practices; and to the research that has ensued. Exploring the changing relational contexts as the group moves from a facilitator led to a peer support group; and the associated language shifts from a binary discourse of ‘other than’ to a collective definition of ‘sisterhood’ is part of the story, which also includes the important themes of community engagement, social action and the complexities of insider/practice-based research.
    • From who… to where? A geographical approach to peer-on-peer sexual abuse

      Lloyd, Jenny; University of Bedfordshire (Taylor & Francis (Routledge): STM, Behavioural Science and Public Health Titles, 2019-02-22)
      Child protection systems in many western countries have developed with the aim of protecting young people from harm within families and by adults. But young people encounter harm in places outside of the home, and by peers. This raises a challenge for practitioners who must now consider new ways to protect young people from harm. In this article I focus on peer-on-peer sexual abuse. I reveal how child protection systems focussed on individuals – who? – fail to account for the places harm happens – where? I bring together two theories - situated agency with contextual safeguarding. These provide a lens to understand how young people navigate unsafe places, and how practitioners understand and respond to the spatially contingent nature of abuse. I present data from meeting observations, focus groups and case reviews to argue that a geographical child protection model would equip practitioners with a preventative approach to protecting young people. 
    • Gathering evidence of the sexual exploitation of children and young people: a scoping exercise

      Jago, Sue; Pearce, Jenny J.; University of Bedfordshire (University of Bedfordshire, 2008-06-01)
      The government commissioned this scoping exercise to provide insight into the progress being made to challenge the perpetrators of child sexual exploitation, to report on emerging good practice and to identify the barriers and challenges that local partnerships are facing. The government’s coordinated prostitution strategy responded to the evidence submitted in response to the consultation document, Paying the Price, and recognised that abusers seek out vulnerable children and young people, offering what appears to be affection and friendship. The reality can be that they are manipulated to become so dependent on their abusers that they can be coerced into sexual activity. Research also shows that young people often become sexually exploited as a result of long term social exclusion, poverty and deprivation and that there are complex relationships between sexual exploitation and ‘risk factors’ such as problem drug and alcohol use, poor mental and physical health and previous experiences of abuse. It also shows that boys and young men can be affected as well as girls and young women. Many local partnerships have built up considerable experience in safeguarding victims and developing strategies to help them to move on from exploitative relationships in safety and security.
    • Gender and hierarchy: Archbishop Hincmar of Rheims (845–882) as a religious man

      Stone, Rachel; Lewis, K.J.; Cullum, P.H. (Boydell & Brewer, 2013-01-01)
    • Go home? the politics of immigration controversies

      Jones, Hannah; Gunaratnam, Yasmin; Bhattacharyya, Gargi; Davies, William; Dhaliwal, Sukhwant; Forkert, Kirsten; Jackson, Emma; Saltus, Roiya (Manchester University Press, 2017-03-01)
      "The 2013 Go Home vans marked a turning point in government-sponsored communication designed to demonstrate control and toughness on immigration. In this study, the authors explore the effects of this toughness: on policy, public debate, pro-migrant and anti-racist activism, and on the everyday lives of people in Britain. Bringing together an authorial team of eight respected social researchers, alongside the voices of community organisations, policy makers, migrants and citizens, and with an afterword by journalist Kiri Kankhwende, this is an important intervention in one of the most heated social issues of our time."
    • “God, she’s gonna report me” : the ethics of child protection in poverty research

      Bostock, Lisa (Wiley, 2002-05-10)
      The ethics of social research with children has been the source of considerable debate. In particular, issues of how to address potential disclosures of child abuse have been highlighted. What ethical implications are raised, however, when children are the indirect focus of the research? This paper explores the ethical dilemmas of conducting research with mothers about their experiences of caring for children. It is based on qualitative research with 30 mothers on low incomes. The paper concludes that strategies to tackle structural disadvantage as well as those that take account of individual risk are key features of future child welfare.
    • A golden thread? The relationship between supervision, practice, and family engagement in child and family social work

      Wilkins, David; Lynch, Amy; Antonopoulou, Vivi; University of Bedfordshire (John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2018-03-25)
      Within the social work profession, supervision is highly valued. Yet it is not clear how supervision supports good practice or how supervision makes a difference for children and families. In this study, using paired observations of group supervision and family meetings alongside interviews with parents, we explored the link between supervision, practice, and engagement. Considering each data set separately, we found a range of skill levels within the supervision discussions and in the meetings with families. Parents reported generally high levels of satisfaction with the service and in relation to their individual worker. But more importantly, we found a “golden thread” between certain elements of supervision, more skilful practice, and improved parental engagement. We discuss these key elements in detail and consider what these findings tell us about good supervision and what difference it can make for families and children.