• Decrypting cultural nuances: using drama techniques from the theatre of the oppressed to strengthen cross cultural communication in social work students

      Burroughs, Lana; Muzuva, Bethel; University of Bedfordshire; Waterlily & Co. (Taylor and Francis, 2019-03-25)
      Despite widening participation in social work education in the UK, social work students from black and minority ethnic (BME) backgrounds can find that they have less positive experiences on social work courses than their counterparts. This can happen when courses do not equip students to navigate the subtle rules of communication with service users that are premised on dominant UK values. As a consequence BME students can be assessed as having poor interpersonal skills and poor skills in engaging service users. However, the issue is often more one of cultural differences and high expectations of cultural integration than one of incompetence.
    • Deserving and undeserving migrants

      Dhaliwal, Sukhwant; Forkert, Kirsten (Lawrence and Wishart, 2015-11-10)
      This article explores findings of the 'Go Home' - Mapping Immigration Controversy research project that arose in 2013 as a response to the government's anti-immigrant publicity campaigns. It considers a particular theme that emerged from the focus group data: the ways in which respondents, including ethnic minority British citizens and recent immigrants, distinguished between 'deserving' and 'undeserving', or 'good' and 'bad' migrants. The authors draw on Beverly Skeggs's work on values and respectability to provide insights into why those being devalued by dominant anti-immigrant discourses are themselves utilising these classifications as part of their own strategies for recognition. They also note that their respondents are also resisting the material practices of everyday bordering by calling on alternative values such as compassion, empathy, and solidarity.
    • Developing participatory practice and culture in CSE services

      Warrington, Camille; Brodie, Isabelle (Routledge, 2017-12-19)
    • Developing research and scholarship in law teaching for social work education

      Braye, Suzy; Preston-Shoot, Michael (Taylor and Francis Inc., 2016-03-31)
    • Diaspora and nation: displacement and the politics of Kashmiri identity in Britain

      Ali, Nasreen (Taylor & Francis, 2003-01-01)
      The idea of the nation-state continues to dominate the way in which political collective identities are conceptualised in South Asia. One of the challenges the nation-state faces is the situation in which large sections of its population are located outside state boundaries. This paper reflects on the way in which the displacement of peoples can lead to the displacement of a conventional understanding of the nation-state as combining the idea of one government, one land and one people. It explores the impact of displacement, both empirically and conceptually, on the notions of collective identity, illustrating the argument by reference to the Kashmiri narratives of identity being articulated in Britain.
    • Diffusion theory and multi-disciplinary working in children’s services

      Bostock, Lisa; Lynch, Amy; Newlands, Fiona; Forrester, Donald; University of Bedfordshire; Cardiff University (Emerald Publishing, 2018-04-16)
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore how innovation in children’s services is adopted and developed by staff within new multi-disciplinary children’s safeguarding teams. It draws on diffusion of innovations (DOI) theory to help us better understand the mechanisms by which the successful implementation of multi-disciplinary working can be best achieved. Design/methodology/approach It is based on interviews with 61 frontline safeguarding staff, including social workers, substance misuse workers, mental health workers and domestic abuse workers. Thematic analysis identified the enablers and barriers to implementation. Findings DOI defines five innovation attributes as essential for rapid diffusion: relative advantage over current practice; compatibility with existing values and practices; complexity or simplicity of implementation; trialability or piloting of new ideas; and observability or seeing results swiftly. Staff identified multi-disciplinary team working and group supervision as advantageous, in line with social work values and improved their service to children and families. Motivational interviewing and new ways of case recordings were less readily accepted because of the complexity of practicing confidently and concerns about the risks of moving away from exhaustive case recording which workers felt provided professional accountability. Practical implications DOI is a useful reflective tool for senior managers to plan and review change programmes, and to identify any emerging barriers to successful implementation. Originality/value The paper provides insights into what children’s services staff value about multi-disciplinary working and why some aspects of innovation are adopted more readily than others, depending on the perception of diffusion attributes.  
    • Direct work with sexually exploited or at risk children and young people : a rapid evidence assessment

      Bovarnick, Silvie; Scott, Sara; Pearce, Jenny J.; University of Bedfordshire; DSMS; Barnardo's (University of Bedfordshire, 2017-01-01)
      This review is intended to provide Barnardo’s with an overview of what ‘direct work’ with young people entails in the context of CSE. Part one explores the nature, types and contexts of direct work and gives an overview of the range of risks and vulnerabilities that direct work typically addresses. Part two focuses on the journey of direct work with young people in greater detail and outlines six core elements of direct interventions: 1. Engagement and relationship building 2. Support and stability 3. Providing advocacy 4. Reducing risks and building resilience 5. Addressing underlying issues 6. Enabling growth and moving on The discussion of each component is informed by what we know from research evidence to work in direct interventions with young people. We also give some practice examples to illustrate effective models of direct work. Part three provides a brief summary of the key features that underpin effective direct work with young people.
    • Distinct identities: South Asian youth in Britain

      Ali, Nasreen; Northover, M. (International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1999-01-01)
    • The divorce of King Lothar and Queen Theutberga: Hincmar of Rheims's De divortio

      Stone, Rachel; West, Charles; University of Bedfordshire; University of Sheffield (Manchester University Press, 2016-06-01)
    • Does reflective supervision have a future in English local authority child and family social work?

      Wilkins, David (Emerald, 2017-09-06)
      Purpose – (1) to discuss the underlying assumption that social workers need reflective supervision specifically, as opposed to managerial or any other form of supervision or support; and (2) to consider whether our focus on the provision of reflective supervision may be preventing us from thinking more broadly and creatively about what support local authority child and family social workers need and how best to provide it. Methodology/approach – Argument based on own research and selective review of the literature Findings – Reflective supervision has no future in local authority child and family social work because (1) there is no clear understanding of what reflective supervision is, (2) there is no clear evidence for is effectiveness, and (3) a sizeable proportion of local authority child and family social workers in England do not receive reflective supervision and many never have. Originality/value – Challenges the received wisdom about the value of reflective supervision and advocates exploring alternative models for supporting best practice in child and family social work.
    • Doing child-protection social work with parents: what are the barriers in practice?

      Wilkins, David; Whittaker, Charlotte E.; University of Bedfordshire; Frontline (Oxford University Press, 2017-12-28)
      For many social workers, participatory practice may seem an unachievable goal, particularly in the field of child protection. In this paper, we discuss a significant programme of change in one London local authority, as part of which we undertook 110 observations of practice and provided more than eighty follow-up coaching sessions for workers. Through these observations, we saw many examples of key participatory practice skills such as empathy, collaboration and involvement in decision making. We also saw many examples of reducing autonomy and excluding parents from decision making. Often, we found the same worker would adopt a participatory approach with one family and a non-participatory approach with another. Through coaching sessions, we explored how and why workers used different approaches and discussed the barriers to adopting a more consistently participatory approach. These discussions led us to reflect on fundamental questions relating to the purpose of child-protection social work, how social workers can best help families and what the limits might be of participation in situations of high risk. We argue that truly participatory child-protection social work requires not simply better training or different tools, but an innovation in the value base of children’s services.
    • Drugs, gangs and organised crime

      Pitts, John (Emerald, 2019-04-08)
    • Ealing Brighter Futures Intensive Engagement Model: working with adolescents in and on the edge of care

      Munro, Emily; Holingworth, Katie; Meetoo, Veena; Simon, Antonia; Department for Education; University of Bedfordshire; University College London (Department for Education, 2017-01-23)
      Ealing’s Brighter Futures Intensive Engagement Model is a complex, whole system intervention that was launched in June 2015. Its implementation was intended to support and enable the children’s social care workforce to build effective, consistent relationships with adolescents, families, communities and carers, and to use those successful relationships to bring about positive change.
    • Eight criteria for quality in systemic practitioner research

      Simon, Gail (Everything is Connected Press, 2018-10-20)
      This paper describes the rationale and context for eight key markers of quality in qualitative systemic practitioner research. The criteria are designed for systemic practitioner researchers who are researching from the position of practitioner-at-work. The criteria include Systemic Practice, Methodology, Situatedness, Relational Ethics, Relational Aesthetics, Reflexivity, Coherence, and Contributions. They build on existing criteria for quality developed within the fields of post-positivist qualitative research and professional practice research by embedding them in systemic practice theory, activity and values. Distinctions are made between practitioner research and research about practice, and between positivist and post-positivist research. This eight-point framework brings together existing systemic methods of inquiry which recognise theimportance of understanding context, movement and relational know-how. The paper proposes that systemic or relationally reflexive practice is already a form of collaborative inquiry or action research in which any action, research included, inevitably contains intention and acts as an intervention. While working with people in small and immediate systems, systemic practitioner researchers are critically reflexive in understanding how local issues are connected to wider socio-political systems and discourses.
    • Empowering parents : evaluation of parents as partners in safeguarding children and young people in Lancashire project 2014 – 2017

      Shuker, Lucie; Ackerley, Elizabeth; Parents Against Child Sexual Exploitation; University of Bedfordshire (University of Bedfordshire, 2017-05-01)
      This report presents the findings of an evaluation of the project ‘Parents as partners in safeguarding children and young people in Lancashire, June 2014 to May 2017’. The project was delivered by Parents against child sexual exploitation (Pace) and centred around the work of a Parent Liaison Officer (PLO) placed in the multi-agency ‘Engage’ team in Blackburn with Darwen, Lancashire.
    • The end of the line? the impact of county lines drug distribution on youth crime in a target destination

      Andell, Paul; Pitts, John (2018-01-01)
      Paul Andell and John Pitts explore, through local research, young people's gang involvement and subsequent engagement with the national and international drugs trade.