• Black young people and gang involvement in London

      Pitts, John; University of Bedfordshire (SAGE, 2020-04-06)
      Drawing upon research undertaken by the present author in East, North West and South London and the work of other UK social scientists, this article considers the evidence concerning the involvement of young people of African-Caribbean origin and Mixed Heritage in street gangs and gang crime in London (For the sake of brevity, I will simply refer to these young people as Black, not least because this is how they usually define themselves). It outlines the sometimes acrimonious debate about the relationship between race, crime and street gangs in the United Kingdom in the past three decades, concluding that while many of the claims made about this relationship may be exaggerated or simply untrue, the evidence for the over-representation of Black young people in street gangs in London is compelling. The article then turns to the changing social and economic predicament of some Black young people in the capital since the 1980s and its relationship with their involvement in gang crime. Finally, it considers the role of drugs business in the proliferation of the gang form and ‘gangsta’ culture and the involvement of growing numbers of younger Black people in County Lines drug dealing.
    • Exploring recent trends in youth justice reconvictions: a challenge to the complexity thesis

      Bateman, Tim; Wigzell, Alexandra (Sage, 2019-10-03)
      Abstract In recent years it has become accepted wisdom that children subject to youth justice intervention, in England and Wales, are more complex than previously, as a consequence of a substantial rise in diversion from the system that filters out children with lower levels of need and less entrenched offending. This ‘complexity’ thesis has been used to explain rises in rates of reoffending. This article demonstrates that the patterns shown in the reoffending data are not those that would be predicted by the complexity thesis. Indeed the data suggests that some groups of children may be less entrenched in offending than hitherto.
    • No further action: contextualising social care decisions for children victimised in extra-familial settings

      Lloyd, Jenny; Firmin, Carlene Emma (SAGE, 2019-12-19)
      England’s child protection system is intended to safeguard young people at risk of significant harm – physical, sexual, emotional abuse and neglect. When young people are physically assaulted, stabbed or groomed into drugs trafficking they experience significant harm. To this extent they are entitled to support from statutory child protection services. Using findings from one component of a mixed method multi-site study, data from referrals and assessments into children’s social care is examined to identify the extent to which the right support and protection is realised. Such analysis indicates that despite being at risk of significant harm, young people abused in community or peer, rather than familial, settings will most likely receive a ‘no further action’ decision from social workers following referrals for support. This paper suggests that to a certain extent no-further-action decisions are aligned to the legal and cultural parameters of social work and child protection practice, thus raising questions about the sufficiency of such for safeguarding young people abused in extra-familial settings.  
    • Supporting children’s resettlement (‘reentry’) after custody: beyond the risk paradigm

      Hazel, Neal; Bateman, Tim; University of Salford; University of Bedfordshire (Sage, 2020-06-07)
      In response to policy concerns in England and Wales and internationally, a considerable knowledge base has identified factors statistically associated with reduced recidivism for children leaving custodial institutions. However, despite resulting guidance on how to support resettlement (‘reentry’), practice and outcomes remain disappointing. We argue that this failure reflects weaknesses in the dominant ‘risk paradigm’, which lacks a theory of change and undermines children’s agency. We conceptualise resettlement as a pro-social identity shift. A new practice model reinterprets existing risk-based messages accordingly, and crucially adds principles to guide a child’s desistance journey. However, successful implementation may require the model to inform culture change more broadly across youth justice.
    • Youth justice news [April 2018]

      Bateman, Tim (Sage, 2018-04-10)
    • Youth Justice News [April 2021]

      Bateman, Tim (Sage, 2021-04-25)
    • Youth justice news [August 2017]

      Bateman, Tim (Sage, 2017-08-01)
    • Youth justice news [December 2017]

      Bateman, Tim (Sage, 2017-12-01)
    • Youth justice news [February 2019]

      Bateman, Tim (Sage, 2019-02-18)
    • Youth justice news [January 2017]

      Bateman, Tim (Sage, 2017-04-01)
    • Youth Justice News [January 2021]

      Bateman, Tim (Sage, 2021-01-11)
    • Youth justice news [May 2019]

      Bateman, Tim (Sage, 2019-05-27)
    • Youth justice news [September 2018]

      Bateman, Tim (Sage, 2018-09-11)
    • Youth justice news [September 2018]

      Bateman, Tim (Sage, 2018-09-17)