• Working in complex, short-term relationships

      Kohli, Ravi K.S.; Dutton, J. (Jessica Kingsley, 2018-02-21)
    • Reflections on upholding the rights of youth leaving out of home care

      Munro, Emily (Oxford University Press, 2019-04-11)
    • Havering: Face to Face Pathways: final evaluation report

      Bostock, Lisa; Khan, Munira; Munro, Emily; Lynch, Amy; Baker, Claire; Newlands, Fiona; Antonopoulou, Vivi; Tilda Goldberg Centre for Social Work and Social Care, University of Bedfordshire (Department for Education, 2020-07-31)
      F2FP was an ambitious programme of change designed to embed systemic practice across the care pathway for young people on the edge of care, in care and leaving care. The project started in October 2017 and ended in October 2019. Key elements included: • targeted, intensive work through the Families Together team (FTT) with young people on the edge of care and their families to prevent entry to care where appropriate • adapting in-care provision to support 8 systemically trained and intensively supported foster carers (‘pathways carers’) to stabilise placements for children with complex needs and avoid the need to move children to residential care • extending leaving care services to young people aged 14 through to 25 and introducing ‘pathway co-ordinators’ to support access to multi-agency services • ensuring co-production is fully embedded and improving business intelligence to aid analysis, monitoring of progress and ability to better target resources
    • Safeguarding and exploitation - complex, contextual and holistic approaches: strategic briefing

      Firmin, Carlene Emma; Wroe, Lauren; Lloyd, Jenny; University of Bedfordshire (Research in Practice, 2019-05-22)
      This briefing can be used to inform the development of holistic, complex and contextual safeguarding systems that are equipped to address and prevent exploitation in all its forms. The briefing: * Provides an integrated account of the different forms of exploitation experienced by children and young people (including young adults) in relation to how they are defined, experienced and addressed. * Documents the strategic challenges posed by national policy frameworks (or lack thereof) associated to exploitation – as well as the legacy of siloed local structures or ineffective pathways for safeguarding adolescents. * Provides a set of considerations for designing an effective response to exploitation with reference to practice examples. * Identifies factors that enable a workforce to adopt an integrated approach to exploitation.
    • Contextual safeguarding and county lines

      Wroe, Lauren; University of Bedfordshire (University of Bedfordshire, 2019-10-31)
      Children and young people who are trafficked to sell drugs are being subjected to a form of extrafamilial harm. Whilst there is no statutory definition of ‘child criminal exploitation’ (CCE), CCE and the trafficking of children to sell drugs on ‘county lines’ are named in Working Together 2018 (HM Government, 2018) as forms of child abuse and as such those affected are entitled to a child protection response. This briefing will: - Map the emergence of ‘county lines’ as a child welfare issue - Introduce the four domains of Contextual Safeguarding - Outline how a Contextual Safeguarding approach to assessment, planning, intervention and outcome measurement could offer an alternative response to young people who are affected by ‘county lines’ - Undertake all of the above from an ecological, child welfare and participatory perspective
    • A sigh of relief: a summary of the phase one results from the Securing Safety study

      Firmin, Carlene Emma; Wroe, Lauren; Skidmore, Paula; University of Bedfordshire (University of Bedfordshire, 2020-05-31)
      When practitioners are faced with young people who are being sexually exploited, coerced to traffic drugs around the country, or who have experienced serious violence in their communities, they sometimes move them a significant distance from their homes and communities. How often, for what purpose, and to what effect are such relocations used? While there may always be situations where it is necessary to move a young person, and sometimes their entire family, in order to keep them safe, anecdotal unease about the practice of relocations means there is far more we need to understand to ensure that such a disruptive, and costly, intervention is used to best effect. This research briefing presents the findings from the first phase of the Securing Safety study, which seeks to understand the rate, cost and impact of relocations of young people in response to extra-familial harm. It builds on studies into the use of fostering, residential care and secure settings during interventions for young people affected by sexual exploitation (Beckett, 2011; Ellis, 2018; Firmin, 2018; Shuker, 2013; Sturrock and Holmes, 2015) to focus specifically on how such interventions are used for broader forms of extra-familial harm and what their effective and ethical use might entail in the future. Engaging 15 local authorities in England and Wales, we begin to build a national picture of how often, why and in what circumstances this form of intervention is used to protect children and young people. The data collected in year one builds a rich picture of the complex and contested use of relocation. It highlights that moves are sometimes used as the only means of keeping a young person physically safe, that they can both disrupt and repair relationships, and that while they can be used to enable young people to access therapeutic support, consideration of the emotional impact of a relocation may be de-prioritised against other risks. Relocation can create a moment of relative safety for a young person, with one practitioner sharing that ’everyone breathes a sigh of relief’ when a move is complete. Considering the findings from the first year of our study we propose an interim set of recommendations and ask, if relocations offer a sigh of relief, who for?
    • Surmounting the hostile environment: reflections on social work activism without borders

      Wroe, Lauren; Ng'andu, Bridget; King, Lynn (PM Press, 2020-12-31)
    • The Lucy Faithfull Foundation: twenty-five years of child protection and preventing child sexual abuse

      Bailey, Alexandra; Squire, Tom; Thornhill, Lisa Marie; Lucy Faithfull Foundation (Springer, 2018-12-07)
      The Lucy Faithfull Foundation (LFF) is the only UK-wide child protection charity dedicated solely to preventing child sexual abuse (CSA). This chapter provides an overview of LFF’s projects over the last 25 years, including the Wolvercote Clinic, and work with young people and women. The authors give attention to the major CSA prevention initiatives developed by LFF, including the development of the Stop it Now! campaign and Helpline. The chapter considers the growing problem of indecent images of children and the importance of strategies to encourage deterrence and desistance. LFF’s recent Deterrence Campaign and Get Help website are offered as prevention strategies for deterring online offending at the outset, along with considering LFF’s ongoing service developments.
    • Beyond referrals: levers for addressing harmful sexual behaviour in schools: a self-assessment resource for schools

      Lloyd, Jenny; Walker, Joanne; Bradbury, Vanessa; University of Bedfordshire (University of Bedfordshire, 2019-12-31)
      The Beyond Referrals self-assessment toolkit is intended to support schools to identify and assess the factors that contribute to addressing HSB in schools. The Beyond Referrals project launched the toolkit in 2018, following research in schools. This new updated version includes new levers and guidance on carrying out the self-assessment. The toolkit is supported by online tutorials available on the Contextual Safeguarding Network.
    • The impacts of child sexual abuse: a rapid evidence assessment

      Fisher, Cate; Goldsmith, Alexandra; Hurcombe, Rachel; Soares, Claire; IICSA Research Team (Independent Inquiry into Child Sex Abuse, 2017-07-31)
      The aim of the Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse (IICSA or ‘the Inquiry’) is to investigate whether public bodies and other non-state institutions have taken seriously their responsibility to protect children from sexual abuse in England and Wales, and to make meaningful recommendations for change, to help ensure that children now and in the future are better protected from sexual abuse. Child sexual abuse (CSA) involves forcing or enticing a child or young person under the age of 18 to take part in sexual activities. It includes contact and non-contact abuse, child sexual exploitation (CSE) and grooming a child in preparation for abuse. As part of its work, the Inquiry is seeking to examine the impacts of child sexual abuse on the lives of victims and survivors and their families, as well as the impacts on wider society. These questions are of cross-cutting relevance to the work of the Inquiry. They have particular salience for its ‘Accountability and Reparations’ investigation, which is exploring the extent to which existing support services and legal processes effectively deliver accountability and reparation to victims and survivors.
    • Child sexual abuse in custodial institutions: a rapid evidence assessment

      Mendez Sayer, Ellie; Rodger, Holly; Soares, Claire; Hurcombe, Rachel; IICSA Research Team (Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse, 2018-03-31)
      Child sexual abuse (CSA) involves forcing or enticing a child or young person under the age of 18 to take part in sexual activities. It includes contact and non-contact abuse, child sexual exploitation (CSE) and grooming a child in preparation for abuse. As part of its work the Inquiry is undertaking an investigation into the extent of any institutional failures to protect children from sexual abuse and exploitation while in custodial institutions. The investigation will consider the nature and scale of child sexual abuse within the youth secure estate in addition to institutional responses to the sexual abuse of children in the youth secure estate. The rapid evidence assessment (REA) has been carried out to inform the investigation by reviewing the existing research evidence base. The REA explores the following: • Evidence related to the prevalence of child sexual abuse in custodial institutions; • Socio-demographic characteristics, both of victims and perpetrators; • The factors associated with failure to protect or act to protect children in the care of custodial institutions; • The nature of the safeguarding systems in place and how they have changed over the years; • Recommendations in the literature regarding how those systems may be improved to better protect children in custody from sexual abuse
    • Safe inside? child sexual abuse in the youth secure estate

      Soares, Claire; George, Rachel; Pope, Laura; Brähler, Verena; IICSA Research Team (Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse, 2019-02-28)
      The Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse (‘the Inquiry’) aims to consider the extent to which state and non-state institutions in England and Wales have failed in their duty of care to protect children from sexual abuse and exploitation, and to make meaningful recommendations for change. This research explores perceptions and experiences of safeguarding in the youth secure estate in England and Wales, specifically in relation to child sexual abuse. It complements the Inquiry’s investigation into the extent of any institutional failures to protect children from sexual abuse while in custodial institutions. The research provides contemporary insight from staff and children across different establishments in the youth secure estate. The study sought to find out the extent to which children feel safe from sexual abuse in the youth secure estate, and the role of staff, systems and processes within this
    • Truth Project thematic report: child sexual abuse in the context of religious institutions

      Hurcombe, Rachel; Darling, Andrea; Mooney, Beth; Ablett, Grace; Soares, Claire; King, Sophia; Brähler, Verena; IICSA Research Team (Independent Inquiry Child Sexual Abuse, 2019-05-31)
      This is the first publication in a series of thematic reports examining what victims and survivors have shared with the Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse (‘the Inquiry’) as part of the Truth Project about their experiences of child sexual abuse and the institutional context in which it occurred. It details the research findings in relation to experiences of sexual abuse that occurred in ‘religious contexts’, based on the location or perpetrator of the abuse. This includes both sexual abuse that has taken place in a religious institution and sexual abuse that has taken place in a different setting but where the perpetrator was a member of the clergy or other staff affiliated with a religious institution (see section 1.2 for a more detailed discussion of our inclusion and exclusion criteria). The accounts in this report are from victims and survivors who came to the Truth Project between June 2016 and November 2018. The majority of participants reported sexual abuse by individuals from Anglican and Catholic Churches in England and Wales. However, such abuse within other Christian denominations and other religions – including the Jehovah’s Witnesses, Islam and Judaism – was also reported and is included in the analysis. The analysis was undertaken by members of the Inquiry’s Research Team between November 2018 and May 2019.
    • Truth Project thematic report: child sexual abuse in the context of children’s homes and residential care

      Soares, Claire; Ablett, Grace; Mooney, Beth; King, Sophia; IICSA Research Team (Independent Inquiry Child Sexual Abuse, 2019-11-30)
      The Truth Project is a core part of the Inquiry alongside Public Hearings and Research. It was set up to hear and learn from the experiences of victims and survivors of child sexual abuse in England and Wales. It offers victims and survivors an opportunity to share experiences of child sexual abuse. By doing so, Truth Project participants make an important contribution to the work of the Inquiry. With the consent of participants, the Inquiry uses Truth Project information in a variety of ways, including for ongoing research and data analysis carried out by the Inquiry’s Research Team. This is the second research publication in a series of thematic reports examining what victims and survivors have shared with the Truth Project about their experiences of child sexual abuse and the institutional context in which it occurred. It details the research findings in relation to experiences of child sexual abuse that occurred in the context of children’s homes and residential care.
    • Truth Project thematic report: child sexual abuse in custodial institutions

      Darling, Andrea; Mooney, Beth; King, Sophia; Hurcombe, Rachel; Soares, Claire; Ablett, Grace; Brähler, Verena; IICSA Research Team (Independent Inquiry Child Sexual Abuse, 2020-04-30)
      The Truth Project is a core part of the Inquiry, alongside public hearings and research. It was set up to hear and learn from the experiences of victims and survivors of child sexual abuse in England and Wales. It offers victims and survivors an opportunity to share experiences of child sexual abuse. By describing their experiences, Truth Project participants make an important contribution to the work of the Inquiry. With the consent of participants, the Inquiry uses Truth Project information in a variety of ways, including for ongoing research and data analysis carried out by the Inquiry’s Research Team. This is the third research publication in a series of thematic reports examining the experiences of victims and survivors of child sexual abuse as shared with the Truth Project. It details the research findings in relation to experiences of abuse in custodial institutions.
    • Holistic approaches to safeguarding adolescents

      Peace, Delphine; Atkinson, Ruth; University of Bedfordshire (University of Bdfordshire, 2019-02-28)
      This briefing shares findings from the Contextual Safeguarding Network’s third learning project exploring how local areas are developing holistic approaches to safeguarding adolescents from extra-familial risk. Holistic approaches are understood as coordinated strategic approaches that move beyond siloed responses to specific risks, such as child sexual exploitation (CSE), youth violence, criminal exploitation or teenage relationship abuse and develop overarching responses by joining meeting structures, assessments and interventions. The Contextual Safeguarding toolkit, which will be published on the Contextual Safeguarding Network in March 2019, will provide more exemplars of holistic approaches to safeguarding adolescents, including multi-agency extra-familial risk meeting protocols and templates. I
    • University network: children challenging sexual violence: first briefing paper

      Peace, Delphine; Pearce, Jenny J.; University of Bedfordshire (University of Bedfordshire, 2019-05-31)
      This university network supports the promotion of activities undertaken by universities around the world to challenge sexual violence against children, including curriculum development and delivery and research activities. It aims to connect those working in universities on such activities to share learning, to enhance collaboration and to raise the profile of the work. This is important as it is often through universities that knowledge is generated and validated and where the teaching of the next generation of practitioners occurs. While we are keen for the network to focus on supporting and encouraging those working within universities to challenge sexual violence against children, we appreciate that this can often be seen as a narrow field and that such work can take place only through ‘one off’ temporary grants or initiatives rather than a committed long term strategy. Much of the work developed is undertaken in partnership with international and national non-governmental organisations (INGOs/NGOs) and so we are keen to include this work where possible within the university network. We also appreciate that sexual violence is often addressed within generic approaches to violence against children. For these reasons we aims to include those working in universities challenging sexual violence against children or other forms of abuse. As the work develops and is further disseminated, we are keen to further prioritise activities focusing solely on sexual violence against children. In the longer term, we want to focus on university led strategic initiatives engaging participatory approaches with children and young people to prevent and respond to sexual violence against children. In particular the network is aiming to encourage university engagement with participatory approaches that enable and support children to be co-determiners of research agendas, activities, and teaching and curriculum materials. The university network is an initiative developed as part of the Our Voices programme of work coordinated by the ‘International Centre: Researching child sexual exploitation, violence and trafficking’ at the University of Bedfordshire in the UK (hereafter referred to as ‘the International Centre’) with current support from the Oak Foundation and Tides Foundation. The Our Voices programme promotes the involvement of children and young people affected by sexual violence in research, policy and practice. See more on https://www.our-voices.org.uk This briefing paper covers activities arising from the very early stages of the development of this network (from March to May 2019). It hopes to encourage others to contact us, engage with the work and be part of thinking about all further activities.
    • University network: children challenging sexual violence: second briefing paper

      Maternowska, Catherine; Peace, Delphine; Pearce, Jenny J.; University of Bedfordshire (University of Bedfordshire, 2019-09-30)
      The ‘International University Network: Children Challenging Sexual Violence’ is a new initiative to capture and promote participatory activities undertaken by universities around the world to challenge sexual violence against children (SVAC). The network, led by ‘The International Centre: Researching child sexual exploitation, violence and trafficking’ at the University of Bedfordshire (hereafter referred to as ‘the International Centre’), and supported by Oak Foundation and Tides Foundation, is part of the Our Voices programme of work. As part of the Our Voices programme of work, we are particularly interested in participatory approaches involving people collaboratively in university activities: this can include engaging them in developing curriculum or teaching activities or in designing and conducting research. Following the launch of the network in May 2019, we published a briefing paper sharing initial findings from a survey we designed to map out academics and institutions working in this field (from March to May 2019). This first briefing is available here. In July 2019 we held our first webinar in which we outlined our vision for the network and shared further survey and interview findings from our initial scoping with experts working in this field. The webinar was held in collaboration with ‘The End Violence Against Children Global Partnership’ and potential overlapping activities and objectives between these two international networks were identified. The second half of the webinar consisted of a Q&A and discussion session where participants shared ideas for future developments. This second briefing provides a recap of our first webinar.
    • Peer support for young people who have experienced sexual violence? the rationale and key themes from the literature: briefing paper two

      Cody, Claire; Peace, Delphine; University of Bedfordshire (University of Bedfordshire, 2020-04-30)
      This briefing is based on a review of the literature that was carried out in preparation for a scoping study that aimed to learn lessons from those engaged in peer support interventions for young people who had experienced sexual violence. This briefing paper: Provides a rationale outlining why there may be value in peer support interventions for young people who have experienced sexual violence. Considers the spectrum of activities that have elements of peer based work. Outlines key themes from the limited existing research on peer support for those impacted by sexual violence. Outlines relevant themes arising in the broader literature on peer support.