• The AVA project : empowering young people to address domestic and sexual violence : final evaluation report

      Warrington, Camille; Thomas, Roma; University of Bedfordshire (University of Bedfordshire, 2016-09-01)
      The AVA Project: Empowering young people to address domestic and sexual violence (hereafter referred to as ‘the Project’) was developed and led by AVA, a UK charity committed to ending gender based violence and abuse. The overarching aim of the project was: “to deliver therapeutic group-work and leadership development to disadvantaged and marginalised young people to improve their understanding of domestic and sexual violence, to improve their emotional wellbeing and to empower them to influence peers and advocate for the needs of themselves and others within social care and education services”. The project defined itself as underpinned by a number of key values including: youth work (specifically the principle of voluntary engagement); participation; and feminist practice. It was funded for £298,254 over three years by Big Lottery: Reaching Communities Fund, commencing in April 2013 and, with a short project extension continued until July 2016. The project was delivered in five local sites (localities) across England, through two distinct though related models: MODEL 1: ‘Peer Education’ - a therapeutic group-work model across two project sites focused on improving emotional wellbeing and awareness of domestic and sexual violence (DSV). MODEL 2: ‘Youth leadership’ - a youth leadership project to improve young people’s emotional wellbeing, their understanding of domestic and sexual violence (DSV) and that of their peers, whilst increasing opportunities for, and the abilities of, young people to influence services aimed at them in relation to DSV.
    • Being heard: promoting children and young people’s involvement in participatory research on sexual violence: findings from an international scoping review

      Bovarnick, Silvie; Peace, Delphine; Warrington, Camille; Pearce, Jenny J.; University of Bedfordshire (The International Centre: Researching child sexual exploitation, violence and trafficking, University of Bedfordshire, 2018-08-01)
      This report shares findings from an international scoping review conducted on the engagement of children and young people in participatory research on sexual violence. The report discusses a range of ethical and practical challenges of involving vulnerable children and young people in participatory research on sensitive issues and draws out key considerations for research practice.
    • Children at the centre of safety: challenging the false juxtaposition of protection and participation

      Warrington, Camille; Larkins, Cath; University of Bedfordshire; University of Central Lancashire (Emerald, 2019-09-05)
      Guest editorial
    • Children's voices: children and young people’s perspectives on the police’s role in safeguarding: a report for Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Constabularies

      Beckett, Helen; Warrington, Camille; Ackerley, Elizabeth; Allnock, Debra; University of Bedfordshire (University of Bedfordshire, 2015-12-01)
      As part of their child protection inspection programme, Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Constabularies (HMIC) commissioned ‘The International Centre: Researching child sexual exploitation, violence and trafficking’ at the University of Bedfordshire to undertake exploratory research with children and young people in England or Wales who have come into contact with the police because of concerns about their safety or wellbeing.  The core objectives of the work were to: integrate the views and experiences of children and young people into HMIC’s Inspection processes, and explore safe and appropriate means of facilitating this, informed by participatory principles.
    • Creating a safe space: ideas for the development of participatory group work to address sexual violence with young people

      Warrington, Camille; Our Voices Too; University of Bedfordshire (University of Bedfordshire, 2020-05-31)
      Working in groups challenges the individualisation of problems and solutions. It ensures ‘public’ issues rooted in structural injustice and oppression are not solely considered as personal or solely private problems. In the context of sexual violence group work may have an important role for challenging individual narratives that foster self-blame and shame. Group work also has a role in approaches which seek to empower individuals – enabling collective action to create change and challenge injustice. Participatory practice, community development and rights based approaches often work with and through groups, seeking to shift relationships of power and enabling participants to take on leadership roles. Group work and peer support are also well recognised components of trauma informed practice with adults – responding to the recognised benefits of those affected by trauma of connecting with others impacted by similar experiences (SAMSHA, 2014). However, to our knowledge, it is less well developed practice with children and young people affected by trauma – particularly in the context of sexual violence (Brodie, 2017). There are good reasons for this – mostly rooted in concerns about exposing young people to additional risks through contact with other potentially traumatised young people. However it is our experience at the International Centre that there are ways of working in groups with young people affected by sexual violence that can be both safe and beneficial if appropriately planned and supported. For the last decade aspects of the International Centre’s research addressing sexual violence towards children have explored the role of group work with young people in participatory research practice and through learning about the contribution of group work in therapeutic or support work. This work has included both UK based projects (including ‘Be Healthy’; ‘One of the Gang’; ‘Making Justice Work’; ‘Learning from the Experts’ and the Young Researchers Advisory Panel) and a number of pieces of work with young people across Europe and beyond (including ‘Our Voices Too’, SVRI conference 2017, ‘LEAP’, ‘Our Voices’, ‘CATS conference 2013/14, Eurochild Conference). 1 For details of these projects see reference list 2 As above As part of the Our Voices Too project (funded by the Oak Foundation) we worked with three partners to develop group work based advocacy projects with young people affected by sexual violence. Our partners were: Different & Equal in Albania; the National Center for Child Abuse Prevention (NCCAP) in Moldova and ATINA in Serbia . At the outset each partner had different levels of experience and confidence working in groups. As part of this project we were asked to support the partners by developing a four part toolkit for the group work4 . Given that many barriers to group work in this field centre around ‘risk and vulnerability’ of participants, the first part of the toolkit was about ‘creating safe spaces’. This focuses on supporting facilitators and participants to think about how they could undertake participatory group work addressing sexual violence safely. The document that follows is part one of the toolkit and it builds on work from the earlier LEAP project (Billinghurst, 2016) – part of the Our Voices programme of work. This attempts to capture our own, and partners, learning about promoting safety and managing risk when undertaking group work in this field. We consider it a working document and recognise that it will benefit from revision and refinement in the future. However, we are sharing this resource to both document elements of the Our Voices Too project and to support wider learning and feedback on this topic.
    • Developing participatory practice and culture in CSE services

      Warrington, Camille; Brodie, Isabelle (Routledge, 2017-12-19)
    • From the ground up: young research advisors' perspectives on relationships between participation and protection

      Hamilton, CJ; Rodgers, Abbie; Howard, Keeley; Warrington, Camille; University of Bedfordshire (Emerald, 2019-09-05)
      Purpose This contribution is co-authored by three members of the Young Researchers' Advisory Panel (YRAP) at the International Centre: Researching child sexual exploitation, violence and trafficking (IC) at the University of Bedfordshire, and supported by an academic researcher (Camille). The purpose of this paper is to reflect the group's discussions about the relationship between children's participation and protection, considered within the context of the group's role and work. Design/methodology/approach A collaborative reflection piece co-produced through discussions between young research advisors and academic colleagues. Findings This paper shows the young researchers' perspectives on the relationship between and interdependencies of child protection and child participation. Originality/value A unique contribution capturing children and young people's perspectives on the journal's theme and other contributions to it.
    • ‘Keeping the informal safe’: strategies for developing peer support initiatives for young people who have experienced sexual violence

      Cody, Claire; Bovarnick, Silvie; Peace, Delphine; Warrington, Camille; University of Bedfordshire; Durham University (John Wiley and Sons Inc, 2022-02-27)
      There is increasing recognition of the value of trauma-informed approaches when working with young people affected by sexual violence. Peer support is a key principle of a trauma-informed approach; however, there are limited examples of peer support programmes for this group. This paper draws on interviews with 25 respondents with knowledge and experience of peer support initiatives with young people impacted by sexual violence. The article outlines their perspectives on how peer support initiatives – that may be viewed as more ‘risky’ than traditional casework – can be kept ‘safe’. Six strategies are identified together with implications for practice.
    • Learning about online sexual harm

      Beckett, Helen; Warrington, Camille; Devlin, Jacqui Montgomery; Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse (Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse, 2019-11-14)
      This research was commissioned by the Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse (the Inquiry), as part of its investigation into institutional responses to child sexual abuse and exploitation facilitated by the internet. It was a small-scale, mixed-methods study which aimed to explore children’s and young people’s perspectives on: being online; risks of online sexual harm; education received about online sexual harm within state school settings; how such education could be improved; and what else should be done to better protect children and young people from online sexual harm.
    • Learning from the experts: young people’s views on their mental health and emotional wellbeing needs following sexual abuse in adolescence: briefing paper, March 2021

      Allnock, Debra; Beckett, Helen; Soares, Claire; Warrington, Camille; Hagell, Ann; Starbuck, Lindsay; University of Bedfordshire; Association for Young People's Health (University of Bedfordshire, 2021-03-01)
      There is a recognised gap in knowledge and understanding about how the mental health and emotional wellbeing of young people are affected by experiences of sexual abuse during adolescence. By sexual abuse we mean contact- and noncontact activities, online-facilitated abuse, abuse inside and outside the family, and abuse by adults and other young people. The unique nature of adolescence means that young people experiencing sexual abuse in this phase of life may have different needs to younger children or adults. We need to know better – from them – about what these are and find ways of helping that are sensitive to the impacts of sexual abuse in this life stage and the demands of their everyday lives. This briefing shares some of the key messages that young people who took part in our participatory research told us about their mental health and emotional wellbeing needs following sexual abuse in adolescence.
    • Making noise: children’s voices for positive change after sexual abuse

      Warrington, Camille; Ackerley, Elizabeth; Beckett, Helen; Walker, Megan; Allnock, Debra (University of Bedfordshire/ Office of Children’s Commissioner, 2016-12-01)
    • Nothing about me without me

      Hill, N.; Warrington, Camille (Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2022-04-19)
      This chapter aims to provide an overview of how participation and empowerment-focused approaches can promote improved relational practice and outcomes for young people in safeguarding . It builds on learning from emerging practice in interrelated disciplines such as youth and community work, social work, youth justice and adult safeguarding.
    • Sexual exploitation and its impact on developing sexualities and sexual relationships: the need for contextual social work interventions

      Firmin, Carlene Emma; Warrington, Camille; Pearce, Jenny J.; University of Bedfordshire (Oxford University Press, 2016-10-25)
      This article considers how young people’s developing sexualities are influenced by extra-familial social and cultural contexts, particularly in relation to experiences of sexual violence. It draws upon young people’s voices to illustrate the choices they make when they encounter, or engage with, exploitative contexts. Utilising the cumulative evidence base of our studies into sexual exploitation, trafficking and violence over the past ten years, we employ Bourdieu’s theory of the interplay between structure and agency to elucidate the relationship between young people’s choices and abusive social environments. When navigating or engaging with exploitative contexts, young people’s sexualities can be distorted through abusive normalising processes; coercive practices; professional attitudes which condone abuse; and/or structural inequalities that call for survivalist behaviours amongst young people. In exploring this social model of consent, we highlight the need to move beyond one to one (1:1) social work practices to engage with situations, contexts and relationships that disrupt young people’s developing sexualities. Such an adaptation of social work practice would adopt principles of ‘contextual safeguarding’ and we conclude by offering illustrations of interventions that have begun to explore this developmental pathway.
    • Suffering in silence: children and unreported crime

      Beckett, Helen; Warrington, Camille; Victim Support; University of Bedfordshire (Victim Support/University of Bedfordshire, 2014-12-09)
      This report presents the findings of a Scoping Inquiry into the hidden victimisation of children and young people, undertaken on behalf of the All Party Parliamentary Group (APPG) for Victims and Witnesses of Crime. The Inquiry was commissioned in response to findings from the most recent Crime Survey for England and Wales which indicates that less than one-fifth of children and young people who experience theft or violent crime report this to the police. The charity Victim Support, who provides the secretariat to the APPG, undertook research for the Inquiry in partnership with the University of Bedfordshire. Evidence was gathered in four ways: • a short review of existing literature; • an analysis of relevant data sources including the Crime Survey for England and Wales; • a rapid call for evidence from charities, service providers, statutory bodies and campaigners; and • three focus groups with children and young people.
    • There’s something there for everyone : learning about the Lighthouse: young people’s perspectives on London’s Child House

      Beckett, Helen; Soares, Claire; Warrington, Camille; University of Bedfordshire (University of Bedfordshire, 2022-02-16)
      The Lighthouse, London’s Child House, 1 opened in October 2018. Bringing together a range of organisations under one roof, the Lighthouse’s intention is to be a child friendly, multidisciplinary service for those who have experienced sexual abuse, with the foremost aim to be focused on the child (Conroy et al., 2018). The Child House approach is informed by that of Child Advocacy Centres in the United States and the Barnahus model in Scandinavia. The Lighthouse is a member of the Promise Barnahus Network, 2 a member-led organisation that works to harmonise and consolidate good Barnahus practice across Europe (Parker et al., forthcoming). The Evidence and Insight Unit at MOPAC was commissioned to evaluate the Lighthouse. As part of this evaluation, they commissioned staff from the Safer Young Lives Research Centre (SYLRC) at the University of Bedfordshire to elicit the views of a cohort of children and young people who had engaged with the Lighthouse, in a study entitled ‘Learning about the Lighthouse’. Key learning from young people’s contributions to ‘Learning about the Lighthouse’ has been incorporated into MOPAC’s overall evaluation report (Parker et al., forthcoming). This report provides an accompaniment to that broader report. In line with the Lighthouse’s own aim to be focused on the child, this report provides a distinct space where young people’s views are the sole focus and central source of learning. Though scaffolded by researcher narrative, informed by cumulative analysis of all contributions, young people’s contributions are shared in individual participants’ own words.