• Applying thresholds to extra-familial harm: learning from Hackney’s Child Wellbeing Framework

      Firmin, Carlene Emma; Owens, Rachael; Peace, Delphine; Contextual Safeguarding Network; University of Bedfordshire (Contextual Safeguarding Network, 2019-10-31)
      The Hackney Child Wellbeing Framework provides a framework for Hackney’s Children and Families Service, partner services and agencies to determine the right intervention for a child and a family, including which services should respond and what is required for a statutory intervention. The document proposes three levels of intervention: Universal: a response by universal services, often working individually. Within an extra-familial scenario, this also includes ensuring safety for young people within universally available leisure and recreational provision. Universal Plus/Universal Partnership Plus: a response by universal services working together in universal settings and sometimes bringing additional targeted resources into a multi-agency partnership plan to both assess and address concerns. Complex and/or High Risk: a response that requires multi-agency and/or specialist services, often governed by statutory frameworks, to take the lead role. The document considers these levels of interventions in relations to different domains including children’s health, emotional health, wellbeing and behaviour; education; neighbourhood; family and parenting.
    • Assessment and intervention planning for young people at risk of extra-familial harm: a practice guide

      Owens, Rachael; Contextual Safeguarding Network (Contextual Safeguarding Network, 2019-03-07)
      This document is designed to support practitioners to undertake assessments which are holistic in nature – taking into account both the context of children’s experiences within their family home and in other social spaces.
    • From 'no further action' to taking action: England's shifting social work responses to extra-familial harm

      Firmin, Carlene Emma; Lloyd, Jenny; Walker, Joanne; Owens, Rachael; University of Bedfordshire (Policy Press, 2021-07-15)
      In 2018, England’s safeguarding guidelines were amended to explicitly recognise a need for child protection responses to extra-familial harms. This article explores the feasibility of these amendments, using quantitative and qualitative analysis of case-file data, as well as reflective workshops, from five children’s social care services in England and Wales, in the context of wider policy and practice frameworks that guide the delivery of child protection systems and responses to harm beyond families. Green shoots of contextual social work practice were evident in the data set. However, variance within and across participating services raises questions about whether contextual social work responses to extra-familial harm are sustainable in child protection systems dominated by a focus on parental responsibility. Opportunities to use contextual responses to extra-familial harm as a gateway to reform individualised child protection practices more broadly are also discussed.
    • Relationship-based practice and contextual safeguarding: key messages for practice

      Owens, Rachael; Ruch, Gillian; Firmin, Carlene Emma; Millar, Hannah; Remes, Ella; Contextual Safeguarding Network; University of Bedfordshire; University of Sussex; Barnardo's (Contextual Safeguarding Network, 2020-11-30)
      This briefing explores the relationship between Contextual Safeguarding and Relationship-based Practice within social care and related youth and community work. It considers the potential for bringing these two ideas together to create child protection practices that use relationships to build safety in extra-familial contexts.