• Conceptualising and measuring levels of risk by immigration status for children in the UK

      Feinstein, Leon; Aleghfeli, Yousef Khalifa; Buckley, Charlotte; Gilhooly, Rebecca; Kohli, Ravi K.S.; University of Oxford; Just for Kids Law; Children’s Commissioner for England; University of Bedfordshire (Taylor and Francis, 2021-12-09)
      Extensive evidence exists on how characteristics and circumstances of children shape their lifepaths and outcomes, and on the scale of resulting need. However, little research exists assessing the numbers of children who may be at risk of harm or disadvantage due to their immigration status. In this paper, we sought to establish the degree to which it is possible to monitor the aggregate vulnerability to risk of children in the UK by virtue of immigration status. First, we developed an observable set of immigration risk and vulnerability factors through workshop consultations that were analysed to produce a core set of variables that might be measured to assess aggregate need by virtue of immigration status. Second, we assessed through an administrative data review what is known statistically about the numbers of children at risk by virtue of immigration status in the UK. This research indicates a considerable gap in statistical knowledge of the level of vulnerability of children in the UK by virtue of immigration status. The approach we have developed provides a framework for future statistical work that might address this gap.