• Performance analysis of opportunistic relaying and opportunistic hybrid incremental relaying over fading channels

      Lateef, Hafiz Yasar; Dyo, Vladimir; Allen, Ben; University of Bedfordshire; University of Oxford (Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET), 2015-06-01)
      In this study, the authors develop and present a comprehensive analysis of two opportunistic cooperative relaying schemes for long term evolution (LTE)-advanced networks operating over generalised- K and Nakagami- m fading channels. They present and compare the performance of opportunistic relaying (OR) and opportunistic hybrid automatic repeat request incremental relaying (OHIR). They analyse performance in terms of the average symbol error rate for both conventional OR and OHIR LTE-advanced networks with the radio channel modelled as composite generalised- K fading (encompassing both fading and shadowing) and Nakagami- m fading channels. They also analyse the outage probability for OR operating over these channels. Both the theoretical analysis and simulations confirm that for conventional OR LTE-advanced networks operating over composite generalised- K fading channels, a diversity order of k ( N + 1) is achieved when shadowing is more severe than fading, and a diversity order of m ( N + 1) is achieved when fading is more severe than shadowing (where k and m represent the generalised- K distribution shape parameters and N represents the number of candidate relays for the OR selection). The simulation results confirm the accuracy of the analytical expressions developed in this study. It is evident from the theoretical analysis and simulations that, for a similar quality of service as that for OR, OHIR not only reduces the amount of required radio resources but also maintains the full diversity order.
    • Survey on health care applications in 5G networks

      Liu, Enjie; Effiok, Emmanuel; Hitchcock, Jonathan James; University of Bedfordshire (IEEE, 2020-04-13)
      In 2019, 5G was introduced and it is being gradually deployed all over the world. 5G introduces new concepts, such as network slicing to better support various applications with different performance requirements on data rate and latency; and edge and cloud computing that will be responsible for the leverage of computational requirements. This study aims to describe the functions and features of the key 5G technologies and conduct a survey on the latest development of driving technologies for 5G. This survey focuses on health care applications that would benefit from the advantages brought by 5G.