• Can sustainable water monitoring be a reality?

      Ajmal, Tahmina; Guimares, Laura; Genthe, Bettina; Rivett, Ulrike; University of Bedfordshire; University of Porto; Water Resources - CSIR; University of Cape Town (Institute of Physics Publishing, 2020-05-13)
      In this paper, authors discuss the current methods used for surface water monitoring and the gaps left in monitoring in context of a low resourced area. Water quality monitoring [1] is a complex problem that can only be tackled through a systemic application of a transdisciplinary approach. This paper suggests use of a variety of innovative solutions adapted to the local conditions encouraging the prospect of sustainability. The approach relies on an emphasis on environmental and water quality for human life that will contribute to: 1) improved capacity building of local actors, including the role of women; 2) increased economic and social well-being at local and regional levels; and 3) protect natural capital in the region. This article reviews the state of water monitoring in low resourced area, example is taken here from Southern Arica and attempts to establish a sustainable water quality monitoring plan for application to cross-boundary water resources in the region. These are essential to diagnose and raise understanding on water quality problems in resources shared by countries with contrasting development levels. The innovative vision presented here proposes to resolve this multidimensional water quality problem by considering the broader system ranging from aquatic ecosystems providing this service to supply systems serving final consumers.