• Design and study of a small implantable antenna design for blood glucose monitoring

      Ahmed, Ayesha; Kalsoom, Tahera; Ur-Rehman, Masood; Ramzan, Naeem; Karim, Sajjad; Abbasi, Qammer Hussain; University of Bedfordshire; University of West of Scotland; Foundation University Islamabad; University of Glasgow (Applied Computational Electromagnetics Society Inc, 2018-10-12)
      In this paper, a miniaturized implantable antenna with the dimensions of 8×8×1 mm3 has been studied for continuous monitoring of Blood Glucose Levels (BGL). The antenna performance is analyzed numerically for both the free space and implanted operation. The results show that the works excellently in both the scenarios. The antenna has the lowest resonant frequency of 3.58 GHz in free space with a gain 1.18 GHz while it operates at 2.58 GHz with a gain of 4.18 dBi. Good performance, small size and resilience to the human body effects make the antenna to have a good potential use in future implantable glucose monitoring devices.
    • IoT for 5G/B5G applications in smart homes, smart cities, wearables and connected cars

      Uddin, Hasna; Gibson, Marcia; Safdar, Ghazanfar Ali; Kalsoom, Tahera; Ramzan, Naeem; Ur-Rehman, Masood; Imran, Muhammad Ali; University of Bedfordshire; University of West of Scotland; University of Glasgow (IEEE, 2019-10-07)
      Internet of things (IoT) is referred to as smart devices connected to the internet. A smart device is an electronic device, which may connect to other devices or are part of a network such as Wi-Fi. The increase of IoT devices has helped with advancing technology in many areas of society. Application of IoT in 5G/B5G devices has provided many benefits such as providing new ideas that can become projects for tech companies, generating big data (large volume of data which can be used to reveal trends, patterns and associations) and providing various ways of communicating. This has also had an impact on how companies improve their business with the use of advanced technology. However, the rapid growth of IoT has introduced a new platform for cybercriminals to attack. There has been published security measures on IoT to help deal with such risks and vulnerabilities. This survey paper will explore IoT in relation to smart homes, smart cities, wearables and connected cars. The benefits, risks and vulnerabilities will be discussed that comes along with using such devices connected to the internet.
    • IoT for 5G/B5G applications in smart homes, smart cities, wearables and connected cars

      Uddin, Hasna; Gibson, Marcia; Safdar, Ghazanfar Ali; Kalsoom, Tahera; Ramzan, Naeem; Ur-Rehman, Masood; Imran, Muhammad Ali; University of Bedfordshire; University of West of Scotland; University of Glasgow (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2019-10-07)
      Internet of things (IoT) is referred to as smart devices connected to the internet. A smart device is an electronic device, which may connect to other devices or are part of a network such as Wi-Fi. The increase of IoT devices has helped with advancing technology in many areas of society. Application of IoT in 5G/B5G devices has provided many benefits such as providing new ideas that can become projects for tech companies, generating big data (large volume of data which can be used to reveal trends, patterns and associations) and providing various ways of communicating. This has also had an impact on how companies improve their business with the use of advanced technology. However, the rapid growth of IoT has introduced a new platform for cybercriminals to attack. There has been published security measures on IoT to help deal with such risks and vulnerabilities. This survey paper will explore IoT in relation to smart homes, smart cities, wearables and connected cars. The benefits, risks and vulnerabilities will be discussed that comes along with using such devices connected to the internet.
    • A wearable antenna for mmWave IoT applications

      Ur-Rehman, Masood; Kalsoom, Tahera; Malik, Nabeel A.; Safdar, Ghazanfar Ali; Chatha, Hasan Tariq; Ramzan, Naeem; Abbasi, Qammer Hussain; University of Bedfordshire; University of West of Scotland; Islamic University; et al. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2019-01-14)
      A compact and flexible millimeter-wave (mmWave) antenna with central resonance frequency of 60 GHz has been designed. The performance of the antenna is evaluated numerically. The antenna exhibits a broad bandwidth of 9.8 GHz with a gain of 9.6 dBi. The antenna also provides good radiation coverage throughout the band of interest achieving a maximum efficiency of 70%. Simple structure, flexible geometry, ease of fabrication and excellent performance make it a well- suited option for body-centric IoT applications.