• Constructive friction? charting the relation between educational research and the scholarship of teaching and learning

      Larsson, Maria; Martensson, Katarina; Price, Linda; Roxå, Torgny; Lund University; University of Bedfordshire (International Society for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning (ISSOTL) / University of Calgary, 2020-03-15)
      While educational research and the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning (SoTL) are overlapping fields, over time there has appeared considerable friction between the two. There are claims that educational research has been tainted by SoTL’s emergence and that those engaged in SoTL lack adequate training. They maintain that those engaged in SoTL would benefit from a better understanding of educational research theories and methods. Some engaged in SoTL perceive educational research as too distanced from practice. What underpins these perceived differences between the two fields? How might this friction be explained? The study described in this article explored empirical, interview-based viewpoints from new and experienced educational researchers and SoTL scholars, respectively. Participants were purposefully drawn from attendees at two European conferences specializing in educational research and SoTL. The data was examined using thematic analysis and focused mainly on the perceived differences between these communities. The central themes that emerged where differences occurred are community membership and governance, scope and purpose of inquiry, and intended recipients of inquiry results. Some differences include what and who determines the value of the contribution to the field and why it is valuable. This article provides an empirically based understanding of the relative attributes of both communities. We hope that it leads to future discussions about further developing fruitful and constructive interrelationships.
    • Review of Relationships and Sex Education 3-11: supporting children's development and well-being [book review]

      Mistry, Malini Tina (Taylor & Francis, 2020-03-15)
      Review of Relationships and Sex Education 3-11: supporting children’s development and well-being by Sacha Mason and Richard Wolley, London, Bloomsbury, 2019, 233 pp., £24.99 (paperback), ISBN: 978 1 350 08071 3
    • Creating sites for education and democracy: Henry Morris and the Cambridgeshire village colleges

      Hopkins, Neil (Wiley, 2020-03-11)
      This article investigates the work of Henry Morris (1889–1961), in particular his ideas on the Cambridgeshire village colleges. It is now 90 years since the first of these was founded in Sawston in 1930, and the article aims to address the issue of whether Morris’s views on education and democ- racy encapsulated in the village colleges still have relevancy in the early twenty-first century. An overview of Morris’s career and the creation of the village colleges is investigated, using the work of Paul Hirst and associative democracy as a theoretical lens. It is argued that the Cambridgeshire village colleges do have some attributes of associative democracy, particularly their original emphasis as sites of local democracy and participation from voluntary bodies and private individuals. How- ever, Morris’s role as Cambridgeshire’s Chief Education Officer (1922–1954) meant that the local state (in the guise of the County Council) played a more significant role in the village colleges than Hirst advocates for his version of associative democracy. As English primary and secondary schools turn from local authority control to academy status, Morris’s vision for local schools of and for local people is becoming increasingly compromised. The article ends with the work of Allen and Gann, both influenced by Morris, who argue for a revitalised form of comprehensive schooling and lifelong learning that again sees educational institutions as sites of grassroots democracy.
    • Strategic School Improvement Fund (SSIF) 'Narrowing the gap in reading attainment for disadvantaged pupils': a report into the impact of reading interventions in schools to support disadvantaged children

      Price, Jayne; Salter, Emma; Wood, Audrey B.; Woodhouse, Fiona; Zsargo, Liz; University of Huddersfield; University of Huddersfield (University of Huddersfield, 2020-02-17)
      A qualitative investigation into a project designed to narrow the gap in reading attainment for disadvantaged pupils through the use of commercially available reading interventions. This report contains case studies for each of the four reading interventions used; Accelerated Reader, Catch Up® Literacy, Fresh Start and Lexonik.
    • Assessment or referral tool: the unintended consequences of a dual purpose common assessment framework form

      Nethercott, Kathryn; University of Bedfordshire (Taylor and Francis, 2020-02-03)
      The Common Assessment Framework (CAF) was designed to facilitate early intervention through multi-agency working and the active involvement of families. The underlying principle was to move away from a risk-focused, needs-led or service-led culture to assess need and match needs to identified services. It was anticipated that services and assessments would become more evidence-based, and a common language between professionals and agencies would evolve. Taking a social constructionist approach this study explored professionals’ experiences of the use of the Common Assessment Framework form. Forty-one professionals from four different local authorities and a variety of agencies took part in semi-structured interviews. Data were analyzed utilizing thematic analysis. Findings suggest the unintended consequences of the use of the CAF were influenced by local authority policy. As the local authorities adopted the policy of utilizing the CAF as a referral mechanism, rather than to assess needs, profes-sionals unintentionally perceived the CAF form as a referral tool, to refer families to existing service provision. Further to this, professionals referred to the CAF form itself, as a ‘means to an end’, implying that this was a step that had to be overcome in order to access services.
    • Review of To turn the whole world over: Black women and internationalism

      Maylor, Uvanney (Taylor & Francis, 2020-01-31)
      Book review: To turn the whole world over: Black women and internationalism edited by Keisha N. Blain and Tiffany M. Gill, Urbana, Chicago and Springfield: University of Illinois Press, 2019, 288 pp., $26.00 (paperback), ISBN 978-0-252-08411-9
    • Review of Subject teaching in primary education

      Mistry, Malini Tina (Taylor & Francis, 2020-01-19)
      Book review: Subject teaching in primary education edited by Patrick Smith and Lyn Dawes, London, Sage, 2014, 275 pp., £21.28 (paperback), ISBN 9781446267899
    • Can we fix education? living emancipatory pedagogy in Higher Education

      Clack, Jim (Taylor & Francis, 2019-12-26)
      This paper discusses a 12-week, 15-credit module taught to second year undergraduates during semester 2 of 2017–18 academic year. The module, entitled ‘Deschooling’, aimed to explore notions of emancipatory and critical pedagogy, control and coercion in the education system. Rather than ‘teach’ these concepts as abstract academic theory, I aimed to provide students with ‘lived’ experiences of them. That is, the aim was to provide a ‘deschooled’, ‘unoppressed’ experience for students by facilitating, so far as possible, democratic decision-making amongst the group. Subsequent reflection on the successes (or otherwise) of the module threw up numerous points. This paper reports on one particular aspect – assessment. As part of the module, students were offered choice over not only how they might be assessed, but also whether or not they should be assessed. This paper then discusses the challenges surrounding critical pedagogy in the HE classroom and considers implications for future practice.
    • Secondary school physical education

      Bowler, Mark; Newton, Angela; Keyworth, Saul; McKeown, Joanne; University of Bedfordshire (Routledge, 2019-12-19)
    • Education for democratic citizenship in Ireland

      Butler, Cathal (Taylor and Francis, 2019-12-17)
      This chapter explores the complex historical, political and religious context that frame discussions around citizenship and democracy within education in Ireland, as an independent nation, and as a member of the European Union. What it means to be a citizen in Ireland will be explored.The focus is primarily on the Republic of Ireland, though issues that arise in Northern Ireland will also be covered. The chapter will focus on curriculum subject areas that touch on citizenship and democracy, past and present. The extent to which policy and practice can map onto the key concepts set out in the Council of Europe's framework of competences for democratic culture will be explored, with a specific focus on the extent to which teachers are trained to be able to teach these subjects.
    • Teacher education and the development of democratic education in England

      Hopkins, Neil (Routledge, 2019-12-17)
      England presents an interesting and complex situation with regards to teacher education and democratic citizenship in relation to other European contexts. These challenges can be encapsulated in the debate over national identity in the midst of Brexit. This chapter will explore how and if fundamental British values accord with the Council of Europe’s conceptual model of 20 competences for citizenship and democracy. Discussion of how and whether teacher education in England is able to encourage trainers and trainees to explore identity within the context of Brexit will also be explored. Teacher education in England has become increasingly fragmented and complex in recent years. The government’s drive towards more school-centred teacher education and the removal of state schools from local authority control has left a situation where trainees can opt for a range of ‘pathways’ into school and college teaching. The debate here is whether investigation of citizenship, democracy and identity is in danger of being further marginalised by the pressure to get trainees ‘classroom ready’. This chapter will adopt a philosophical approach to the literature, focussing on some key texts in the field to draw out implications for the main concepts and how they are interpreted.
    • Postdigital possibilities: operaismo, co-research, and educational inquiry

      Carmichael, Patrick; University of Bedfordshire (Springer International Publishing, 2019-12-13)
      There are parallels between the post-Marxist traditions of operaismo (workerism) and autonomism and emerging ideas about the ‘postdigital’. Operaist analyses and approaches, and particularly the work of Romano Alquati on co-research, have the potential to contribute to discourses as to what might be involved in postdigital inquiry in educational settings, and to better understand of critical data literacies. For such educational inquiry to evolve into a comprehensive strategy of ‘co-research’, it is argued that what is needed are models of teacher inquiry with the potential to challenge dominant rhetorics, to support emancipatory research and development, and to establish the postdigital as a counter-hegemonic educational programme.
    • Review of Children's transitions in everyday life and institutions

      Mistry, Malini Tina (Taylor & Francis, 2019-11-28)
      Book review of Children’s transitions in everyday life and institutions edited by Mariane Hedegaard and Marilyn Fleer, London, Bloomsbury, 2019,253 pp., £90.00 (hardback), ISBN: 978-1-350-02145-7
    • Trends in higher education (England)

      Nethercott, Kathryn (Bloomsbury, 2019-11-27)
    • Seeing through the eyes of a teacher: differences in perceptions of HE teaching in face-to-face and digital contexts

      Jensen, Lise; Price, Linda; Roxå, Torgny; Lund University; University of Bedfordshire (Taylor and Francis, 2019-11-13)
      Studies of how contextual factors influence teachers’ approaches to teaching have chiefly focused on face-to-face teaching in physical campus contexts. This study advances understanding of how applicable this knowledge is in digital contexts. The study explores how university teachers perceive the differences between teaching in physical campus contexts and the digital teaching contexts found in online courses. Interview data were collected from 15 university teachers and analysed using thematic analysis. The results show that respondents perceived digital teaching contexts to be changeable. Changes were attributed to technology development and influences from students and teachers. The respondents varied in how close or anonymous they perceived their online students to be compared to their campus students. The variation was related to the type of teaching-learning activities prioritised by the respondents. However, no relationships were found between respondents’ perceptions of their student-teacher relationship and class size, time invested, or type of communication.
    • Put teachers back in control of the classroom'

      Thompson, Carol (2019-10-24)
      A culture of trust is essential if teachers are to feel comfortable taking risks in the classroom
    • Learning theories for everyday teaching

      Thompson, Carol; Spenceley, Lydia; University of Bedfordshire (Sage: Learning Matters, 2019-10-12)
      An essential tool for new teachers and trainees who want to use learning theories to develop their practice. The text explores key learning theories in a pragmatic way and encourages focused reflection to promote critical analysis of theories and their potential application to specific contexts. The authors highlight the practical benefits of using theory in planning, teaching and reflecting on practice. The text also encourages the use of a range of creative approaches to enhance learning. Each chapter explores a key aspect of the teacher's role (such as planning, motivation or assessment) and outlines theories relating to this theme - fully embedding the use of learning theories in practical every day teaching. It includes activities for reflection and a section encouraging readers to 'map' the theory to their own practice. Scenarios and case studies throughout illustrate learning and support readers link theory to practice.
    • Special educational needs co-ordinators' perceptions of effective provision for including autistic children in primary and middle schools in England

      Wearmouth, Janice; Butler, Cathal (Taylor & Francis, 2019-09-18)
      In the Autumn of 2017 a small-scale study was designed to explore the degree to which school staff in the East Midlands of England were in an informed position to meet their statutory obligation with regard to the autistic children in their care as reported by a sample of special educational needs coordinators (SENCos), members of the school staff in the best position to shed light on the topic. Findings indicated that the SENCos in the study under consideration here were clear that, overall, they were confident in their own abilities to assess autistic learners' strengths and weaknesses and plan for meeting identified needs. They were much less confident that their colleagues with prime responsibility for classroom teaching and implementing special arrangements had commensurate knowledge and understanding, or even necessarily were very well disposed or well enough informed to differentiate classroom activities appropriately.
    • Playful pedagogy for deeper learning: exploring the implementation of the play-based foundation phase in Wales

      Wainwright, Nalda; Goodway, Jacqueline D.; Whitehead, Margaret; Williams, Andy; Kirk, David (Taylor & Francis (Routledge), 2019-09-18)
      The Welsh foundation phase is a play-based curriculum for 3–7-year-olds advocating outdoor and experiential approaches to learning. Play-based outdoor learning increases interaction with a range of affordances giving opportunities for movement in learning. Children assign activities as either play or not play-based on a series of cues. Teaching approaches that incorporate cues associated with play can influence pupil engagement and involvement in learning. This paper draws on data from a three-year study of the implementation of the foundation phase. Analysis of data from observations, field notes and video suggest pupils were more involved in tasks with higher levels of well-being when tasks were perceived as play. Leavres suggests increased involvement in learning may result in deeper learning.