• Tackling anxiety in primary mathematics teachers

      Wicks, Karen; University of Bedfordshire (Critical Publishing, 2021-02-15)
      This book provides teacher educators with an understanding of the issues around mathematics anxiety and a framework of teaching strategies to support undergraduates, trainee teachers and established professionals in primary settings in developing confidence in learning and teaching mathematics.
    • Te Kotahitanga : towards effective education reform for indigenous and other minoritised students

      Bishop, Russell; Berryman, Mere; Wearmouth, Janice (NZCER Press, 2014-06-18)
      The persistence of educational disparities that adversely affect indigenous and other minoritised students continues to be a major problem facing many nations. Principles of social justice and political imperatives at national level to address the detrimental impact of economically disengaged proportions of the population make this an issue that policy makers and educators in general should be aware of and look for ways to overcome. This book focuses on 'Te Kotahitanga', a theory-based, school-wide reform that operated in a number of mainstream secondary schools in New Zealand nand that has improved the educational experiences and achievement of Maori students. It began with the implementation of classroom pedagogy that is intended to respond to students' culture and to focus on positive teacher-student relationships. Case studies from three of the schools at Phase 3 in the project take the reader inside this reform that, in these schools, is supported by responsive and distributed leadership. 
    • Teacher education and the development of democratic education in England

      Hopkins, Neil (Routledge, 2019-12-17)
      England presents an interesting and complex situation with regards to teacher education and democratic citizenship in relation to other European contexts. These challenges can be encapsulated in the debate over national identity in the midst of Brexit. This chapter will explore how and if fundamental British values accord with the Council of Europe’s conceptual model of 20 competences for citizenship and democracy. Discussion of how and whether teacher education in England is able to encourage trainers and trainees to explore identity within the context of Brexit will also be explored. Teacher education in England has become increasingly fragmented and complex in recent years. The government’s drive towards more school-centred teacher education and the removal of state schools from local authority control has left a situation where trainees can opt for a range of ‘pathways’ into school and college teaching. The debate here is whether investigation of citizenship, democracy and identity is in danger of being further marginalised by the pressure to get trainees ‘classroom ready’. This chapter will adopt a philosophical approach to the literature, focussing on some key texts in the field to draw out implications for the main concepts and how they are interpreted.
    • Teacher training and the education of black children: bringing color into difference

      Maylor, Uvanney (Routledge, 2014-01-13)
      This book is designed to challenge dominant educational discourses on the underachievement of Black children and to engender new understandings in initial teacher education (ITE) about Black children's education and achievement. Based in empirical case study work and theoretical insights drawn from Bourdieu, hooks, Freire, and Giroux, Maylor calls for Black children’s underachievement to be (re)theorised and (re)conceptualised within teacher education, and for students and teachers to become more "race"- and "difference"-minded in their practice.
    • Teaching poetry: reading and responding to poetry in the secondary classroom.

      Naylor, Amanda; Wood, Audrey B. (Routledge, 2011-12-08)
      Teaching Poetry is an indispensible source of guidance, confidence and ideas for all those new to the secondary English classroom. Written by experienced teachers who have worked with the many secondary pupils who ‘don’t get’ poetry, this friendly guide will help you support pupils as they access, understand, discuss and enjoy classic and contemporary poetry.
    • Teaching with technology in higher education: understanding conceptual change and development in practice

      Englund, Claire; Olofsson, Anders D.; Price, Linda (Routledge, 2017-11-01)
      Research indicates that teachers’ conceptions of and approaches to teaching with technology are central for the successful implementation of educational technologies in higher education. This study advances this premise. We present a 10-year longitudinal study examining teachers’ conceptions of and approaches to teaching and learning with technology. Nine teachers on an online Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy and Master of Pharmacy at a Swedish university were studied using a phenomenographic approach. Results showed clear differences between novice and experienced teachers. Although novice teachers initially held more teacher-focused conceptions, they demonstrated greater and more rapid change than experienced colleagues. Experienced teachers tended to exhibit little to no change in conceptions. Supporting conceptual change should therefore be a central component of professional development activities if a more effective use of educational technology is to be achieved.
    • Technology enhanced learning - where's the evidence?

      Price, Linda; Kirkwood, Adrian; Open University (2011-01-01)
      This paper reports on a UK Higher Education Academy funded project investigating the use of technology to enhance student learning in higher education. It reviews the literature to explore what evidence exists to illustrate that technology enhances learning, and how this evidence changes the practice of teachers in higher education. The contested nature of evidence, and of enhancements in student learning are discussed. The findings indicate that while the use of technology may enhance learning, the evidence supporting these claims is tangential, as is the evidence illustrating changes in the practices of HE teachers.
    • Technology in the United Kingdom's Higher Education context

      Price, Linda; Kirkwood, Adrian (Black Swan Press, 2008-01-01)
      Frequently, university-wide strategic decisions about technology are made without fully understanding the implications for resources, administration, teaching programmes, teaching practices and learning approaches, often resulting in technology-led course designs. Yet evidence shows that it is not the technology per se that changes learning and teaching but the pedagogical advantage we make of its use. In parallel, professional development programmes have largely focused on how to use the technology, resulting in replication or supplement of existing teaching practices, as opposed to transforming learning. In particular, the lack of specific context and reflection in professional development programmes can lead to a poor understanding of how and why students use technology effectively in learning. This requires a rethink of how we support initiatives that use technology in learning and teaching. Professional development programmes need to focus not only on the individual teacher, but also on support staff, departmental, and senior managers, so that appropriate policies, supporting structures and resources are in place for effective technology use. This chapter critiques these issues in the context of higher education in the United Kingdom and examines the political drivers that have pushed for the use of information communication technology (ICT) in learning and teaching. It considers this in the context of the United Kingdom Open University and how this institution has addressed some of the issues highlighted. Finally, a framework for professional development to support ICT in learning and teaching is presented aimed at holistically improving the student learning experience. This framework incorporates not only individual staff but also faculty and institutional management.
    • Technology-enhanced learning and teaching in higher education: what is 'enhanced' and how do we know? A critical literature review

      Kirkwood, Adrian; Price, Linda; Open University (Routledge, 2013-02-20)
      The term Technology-enhanced learning (TEL) is used to describe the application of information and communication technologies to teaching and learning. Explicit statements about what the term is understood to mean are rare and it is not evident that a shared understanding has been developed in higher education of what constitutes an enhancement of the student learning experience. This article presents a critical review and assessment of how TEL is interpreted in recent literature. It examines the purpose of technology interventions, the approaches adopted to demonstrate the role of technology in enhancing the learning experience, differing ways in which enhancement is conceived and the use of various forms evidence to substantiate claims about TEL. Thematic analysis enabled categories to be developed and relationships explored between the aims of TEL interventions, the evidence presented, and the ways in which enhancement is conceived.
    • Towards 'creative media literacy'

      Connolly, Steve M.; Readman, Mark (Routledge, 2017-04-21)
      In this chapter, perhaps counterintuitively, we begin by challenging the orthodoxies of two key terms in media education (creativity and literacy) and then suggest that by bringing them together in a new way we can provide a framework for media production work that is critical, reflective and student-centred. We understand that production work takes place in a variety of educational contexts, some of which are explicitly vocational, but we suggest here that, if claims for production work are to be made as part of a wider project of literacy, some of the assumptions about the affordances of such work must be addressed and subjected to scrutiny. We propose, ultimately, the concept of ‘creative literacy’ – a critically oriented set of attributes with which students practise a systematic interrogation of their own productive processes and the meanings attributed to them. Through a philosophically grounded critical framework and examples of pedagogic practice drawn from a three year study of student production work we show how creative literacy can be recognised, developed and how the conditions of possibility for its emergence may be created.
    • Towards an epistemology of media education: confronting the problems of knowledge presented by Social Realism

      Connolly, Steve M.; University of Bedfordshire (Taylor & Francis (Routledge), 2020-04-27)
      Recent debates about the status of knowledge in the school curriculum have seen the emergence of attempts to connect curriculum reform to the ideas about "powerful knowledge" articulated by Michael Young and other sociologists. This article argues that for the case of media education, and specifically its application in secondary schools - in the form of Media Studies - these ideas are not adequate to explain the epistemological principles upon which the project of media education is built. The paper takes a threefold approach to developing an epistemology of media education; firstly, by outlining existing work on the nature of knowledge in media education; secondly, by examining social realist arguments about the way that knowledge is manifested in things like school subjects and canonical knowledge and arguing that media education does not fit these manifestations; and finally by offering some alternative ideas upon which an epistemology of media education may be built
    • Transforming collaborative practices for curriculum and teaching innovations with the Sustainability Forum (University of Bedfordshire)

      Pritchard, Diana J.; Ashley, Tamara; Connolly, Helen; Worsfold, Nicholas T.; University of Bedfordshire (Springer, 2018-02-01)
      Evolving higher education policy, and the production of guidelines and frameworks by higher education authorities, aim to support universities embed education for sustainability and reflect recognition of the need to prepare graduates for the challenges and opportunities of the 21st Century. Yet, advances have been limited. This chapter examines developments underway at the University of Bedfordshire, offering insights for ways forward which are distinct from prevailing institutional management processes. It presents the work of a community of practice, created by a group of academics from a spectrum of disciplines. Here, core players from this ‘Sustainability Forum’ describe their community, activities and synergies with the wider University. The authors highlight the learning opportunities they generated by their collective actions resulting in curriculum developments and enhancements. These served their own undergraduate and postgraduate students, other groups within the university community and beyond. As such the chapter serves as a case study of what can be achieved by an informal group of highly motivated academics in a new university. The authors conclude by considering the value of this model to other institutional contexts, especially in the context of the constraints imposed by expanding external performative initiatives and quality processes.
    • Transitions to motherhood: young women’s desire for respectability, responsibility and moral worth

      Calver, Kay; (Taylor & Francis, 2019-08-17)
      In the UK, teenage motherhood is depicted in the media and government policy as highly negative and problematic. Pregnant and mothering young women are constructed as socially excluded members of society who belong to an assumed underclass who lack responsibility and respectability. This article draws on the views and perspectives of pregnant and mothering young women in the east of England to examine how positive and successful subjects are defined and understood. It is illustrated how this group of working class young women negotiated and resisted their positioning as 'unfit' mothers and 'bad' citizens. Central to their narratives was a desire to reassert themselves as respectable and responsible individuals through engaging in education and employment in order to achieve financial independence. It is argued that this notion of respectability provides a limited and limiting understanding of inclusion and moral worth for working class young women.
    • Trends in higher education (England)

      Nethercott, Kathryn (Bloomsbury, 2019-11-27)
    • Trust into mistrust: the uncertain marriage between public and private sector practice for middle managers in education

      Thompson, Carol; Wolstencroft, Peter; University of Bedfordshire (Routledge, 2018-05-08)
      The role of the middle manager has proved to be a difficult one to define due to the fluid nature of the tasks performed and the heterogeneity of understanding that exists for the term. This is further complicated by the differences associated with the context in which individual manager’s work. This research, which explores the drive towards neo-liberalism and the subsequent adoption of leadership and management practice from the private sector, makes a comparison between the roles of managers in English education with those in other settings. Using a questionnaire with 252 responses and interviews with 6 managers in the private and public sector, the role of middle managers was compared to identify the similarities and differences between organisations driven by social policy as opposed to profit. Participants surveyed were based in primary, secondary and further education and the interview respondents were employed in non-education contexts. The findings suggest that the initial reforms, which required higher levels of accountability through the introduction of key performance indicators, appear to be fully embedded within the education manager’s role and there is a high degree of convergence in relation to the expectation of managers at this level in all the settings. The findings also highlighted a fundamental difference in relation to how middle managers were expected to carry out their duties, the autonomy they had to do so and the authority that was bestowed upon them.
    • Under pressure: representations of student suicide in higher education

      Calver, Kay; Michael-Fox, Bethan (Mortality, 2021-10-06)
      This article examines what the representation of university student suicide in three British television documentaries reveals about media constructions of suicide and the pressures young people experience at university. Within these documentaries, student suicide is positioned as a risk endemic in a high pressure, high-cost performance culture. Young students are depicted as stressed and ‘on the edge’, either as a consequence of the academic pressure of university or the coalescence of academic, financial and social pressures. Debates about the responsibility of individuals and the accountability of institutions come to the fore as depictions of students as fully fledged and responsible adults jostle with the notion of students as ‘adults in transition’, at risk and in need of institutions to actively monitor and intervene in their lives. The documentaries offer insight into shifting media constructions of the student from ‘fun loving’ and ‘carefree’ to ‘under pressure’ and ‘at risk’. Within them, student suicide is positioned not only as a profound personal loss, but as an economic loss to a society neglecting its young people.
    • Understanding special educational needs and disabilities in the early years: principles and perspectives

      Wearmouth, Janice; Gosling, Abigail; Beams, Julie; Davydaitis, Stephanie (Routledge, 2017-09-18)
      This key text provides essential tools for understanding legislation, policy, provision and practice for children in the early years, particularly young children with Special Educational Needs and Disability (SEND). Based on extensive research and the four areas of need as defined in the Special Educational Needs and Disability Code of Practice: 0 to 25 Years (DfE, 2015), the book charts the development of young children and their growing constructions of learning, communication, language, motor movement and emotion. Providing material that translates into practice in a straightforward and practical way, this text is packed full of personal accounts and case studies, enabling readers to appreciate what the experience of SEND in the early years means for families and professionals, and also to learn more about how they might understand and respond appropriately to a child’s needs.
    • Understanding the 'electronic' student: analysis of functional requirements for distributed education

      Carswell, Linda; Thomas, Pete; Petre, Marian; Price, Blain; Richards, Mike; Open University (Sloan Consortium, 1999-01-01)
      This paper describes how the Open University, as a large distance education institution, has used the Internet to transform the learning environment for distance students. We review the process involved in understanding the requirements of distance education students and how they can be supported via the Internet.
    • University knowledge exchange and enterprise education as a regional economic driver in the UK

      Lancaster, Nicholas; Malcolm, Mary; University of Bedfordshire (Routledge, 2018-06-01)