A longitudinal examination of the relationship between perfectionism and motivational climate in dance
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AbstractThe present study examined the relationship between dance-related perfectionism and perceptions of motivational climate in dance over time. In doing so, three possibilities were tested: (a) perfectionism affects perceptions of the motivational climate, (b) perceptions of the motivational climate affect perfectionism, and (c) the relationship is reciprocal. Two hundred seventy-one young dancers (M = 14.21 years old, SD = 1.96) from UK Centres for Advanced Training completed questionnaires twice, approximately 6 months apart. Cross-lagged analysis indicated that perfectionistic concerns led to increased perceptions of an ego-involving climate and decreased perceptions of a task-involving climate over time. In addition, perceptions of a task-involving climate led to increased perfectionistic strivings over time. The findings suggest that perfectionistic concerns may color perceptions of training/performing environments so that mistakes are deemed unacceptable and only superior performance is valued. They also suggest that perceptions of a task-involving climate in training/performing environments may encourage striving for excellence and perfection without promoting excessive concerns regarding their attainment.
CitationNordin-Bates, S.M., Hill, A., Cumming, J., Aujla, I.J., & Redding, E. (2014) 'A Longitudinal Examination of the Relationship Between Perfectionism and Motivational Climate in Dance'. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology 36 (4) pp382-391
SponsorsThe Leverhulme Trust and the UK Department for Education.