• Biblical proximity and women: the image of Arabs in Victorian works of religious nature

      Witwit, May; University of Bedfordshire (Arab World English Journal, 2015-10)
      Abstract The pro-suffrage campaign to elevate the Oriental female did not give emphasis to Arab women; however, they were vividly presented in religious literature and romances of a religious nature. The inferior position and the victimisation of Arab women, attributed to Islam, delivered a political and a religious message that helped steer the Victorian reader’s opinion towards a desired effect. The paper will focus on the image of the Arab woman in some of these publications to highlight that the use of the biblical element of the Middle East was employed to reinforce Christianity and combat Ottomans. The image of the victimised Arab woman also prepared the public for a future military involvement in the Middle East. The paper suggests that the Victorian depiction of the Arab female may well be the precursor of present-day use of Islam-phobic slogans that trigger sorrow easily transformed into anger at the men, culture and the religion that victimise women.
    • A brilliant alumna: the papers of Veronica Forrest-Thomson

      Farmer, Gareth; University of Bedfordshire (Girton College, 2014)
    • CARA changed my life

      Witwit, May; University of Bedfordshire (Taylor & Francis, 2013-04)
    • Defoe, Robinson Crusoe, and the Barbary Pirates

      Owens, W.R.; University of Bedfordshire (Oxford University Press, 2013)
      This essay explores the significance for Defoe and his contemporaries of a brief episode near the beginning of Robinson Crusoe (1719) where Crusoe's ship is captured by pirates and he is held as a slave in Morocco for two years before escaping with a Morisco boy named Xury. At the time the novel was published, thousands of Christian slaves were being held in Muslim North Africa, and public campaigns to ransom them were organized on a large scale. Defoe's readers would have had access to many accounts describing how the ‘Barbary pirates’ operated, and the conditions in which their captives were held. Defoe himself regarded the activities of the pirates as a serious threat to the development of international trade and commerce, and frequently called for the creation of a pan-European military force to suppress them.
    • Escaping to the desert: the case of Gertrude Bell

      Witwit, May; University of Bedfordshire (2011-05)
    • False freedoms

      Witwit, May; University of Bedfordshire (Sage Journals, 2012-09)
      It is hard to appreciate freedom until you experience losing it. It may be difficult for someone born in a democracy to understand, but it’s somewhat like comparing what a wild bird feels when locked in a cage, as opposed to a bird born in captivity that regards a cage as its natural environment. When I am asked about academic freedom in Iraq, it is this parallel that leaps to mind. As a former lecturer at the University of Baghdad who has recently completed a PhD in the UK, I have felt the difference acutely.
    • The history of the book in the west: 1914-2000. Volume 5.

      Weedon, Alexis; University of Bedfordshire (Ashgate, 2010)
      This collection brings together published papers on key themes which book historians have identified as of particular significance in the history of twentieth-century publishing. It reprints some of the best comparative perspectives and most insightful and innovatively presented scholarship on publishing and book history from such figures as Philip Altbach, Lewis Coser, James Curran, Elizabeth Long, Laura Miller, Angus Phillips, Janice Radway, Jonathan Rose, Shafquat Towheed, Catherine Turner, Jay Satterfield, Clare Squires, Eva Hemmungs Wirtén. It is arranged into six sections which examine the internationalisation of publishing businesses, changing notions of authorship, innovation in the design and marketing of books, the specific effects of globalisation on creative property and the book in a multimedia marketplace.
    • The ‘lower classes are very hard readers’: Kidderminster Municipal Library 1855–1856

      Gerrard, Teresa A.; Weedon, Alexis; University of Bedfordshire (Maney Publishing, 2013-05)
      This article looks at the library borrowing records of Kidderminster Municipal Library at a time of economic decline in the main industry of the town — carpet weaving. It illustrates the limitations of the early libraries following the 1850 Public Libraries Act through a local study. It examines how the borrowing records recorded in a surviving issue book reflect trends in the popularity of reading materials and, in particular, growing interest in migration to London and emigration abroad.
    • 'Peer review of learning and teaching in higher education: international perspectives' by Judyth Sachs and Mitch Parsell : review

      Darwood, Nicola; University of Bedfordshire (University of Bedfordshire, 2014-11)
      This collection of essays, edited by Judyth Sachs and Mitch Parsell, is focused on the research behind, and the practical application of, peer review in higher education. Many of the contributors are engaged with peer review in Australia but there are also essays from academics from the UK, North America and South Africa which add to the international perspective of the study.