Effort-reward imbalance and overcommitment: predicting strain in academic employees in the United Kingdom.
AbstractThe Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) model of job stress has gained support in predicting strain, mainly in heterogeneous groups of employees. This study tests several hypotheses relating to the ERI model in a homogenous occupational group: academic employees working in universities in the United Kingdom. Based on previous research findings, it is argued that this model is likely to reflect current working conditions and concerns in this sector. Eight hundred forty-four academic employees (59% male) completed questionnaires assessing the ERI components (i.e., efforts, rewards, and overcommitment), psychological and physical symptoms, job satisfaction and leaving intentions. Significant main effects of high efforts, low rewards, and high overcommitment were found for all strain outcomes. Some evidence was found for the hypothesized two-way and three-way interactions. The pattern and strength of the predictors of strain varied considerably, with the models accounting for between 14% and 43% variance in strain outcomes. The validity of the ERI model as a predictor of a broad range of strain outcomes in academic employees in the United Kingdom has been confirmed. How the findings might be used to inform interventions to increase well-being in academic employees is discussed
CitationEffort-reward imbalance and overcommitment: Predicting strain in academic employees in the United Kingdom. 2008, 15 (4):pp 381- 395 International Journal of Stress Management
PublisherAmerican Psychological Association