• Parallel MLEM on multicore architectures

      Kustner, Tilman; Weidendorfer, Josef; Schirmer, Jasmine; Klug, Tobias; Trinitis, Carsten; Ziegler, Sybille; Technische Universität München (Springer, 2009)
      The efficient use of multicore architectures for sparse matrix-vector multiplication (SpMV) is currently an open challenge. One algorithm which makes use of SpMV is the maximum likelihood expectation maximization (MLEM) algorithm. When using MLEM for positron emission tomography (PET) image reconstruction, one requires a particularly large matrix. We present a new storage scheme for this type of matrix which cuts the memory requirements by half, compared to the widely-used compressed sparse row format. For parallelization we combine the two partitioning techniques recursive bisection and striping. Our results show good load balancing and cache behavior. We also give speedup measurements on various modern multicore systems.