• Design of software defined down-conversion and up-conversion: an overview

      Zhang, Yue; Huang, Li-Ke; Maple, Carsten; Xuan, Qing (ZTE corporation, China, 2011-12)
      In recent years, much attention has been paid to software-defined radio (SDR) technologies for multimode wireless systems. SDR can be defined as a radio communication system that uses software to modulate and demodulate radio signals. This article describes concepts, theory, and design principles for SDR down-conversion and up-conversion. Design issues in SDR down-conversion are discussed, and two different architectures, super-heterodyne and direct-conversion, are proposed. Design issues in SDR up-conversion are also discussed, and trade-offs in the design of filters, mixers, NCO, DAC, and signal processing are highlighted.
    • Implementation and co-simulation of hybrid pilot-aided channel estimation with decision feedback equalizer for OFDM systems

      Li, Wei; Zhang, Yue; Huang, Li-Ke; Maple, Carsten; Cosmas, John; University of Bedfordshire (IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC, 2012)
      This paper introduces novel hybrid pilot-aided channel estimation with decision feedback equalizer(DFE) for OFDM systems and its corresponding hardware co-simulation platform. This pilot-aided channel estimation algorithm consists of two parts: coarse estimation and fine estimation. In the coarse estimation, the combined classical channel estimation methods including carrier frequency offset (CFO) and channel impulse response (CIR) estimation are used. Based on the received training sequence and pilot tones in the frequency domain, the major CFO, sampling clock frequency offset (SFO) and CIR effect coefficients are derived. In the fine estimation, the pilot-aided polynomial interpolation estimation combined with a new decision feedback equalizer scheme based on minimum mean squared error (MMSE) criteria is proposed to reduce the residual effect caused by imperfect CIR equalizer, SFO and CFO. At the same time, for the purpose of speeding up the whole development and verification process, a new architecture of co-simulation platform which combines software and hardware is introduced. The simulation results on the co-simulation platform indicate that the proposed hybrid channel estimation scheme can enhance the receiver performance by 6 dB in terms of error vector magnitude (EVM) over large ranges of CFO and SFO and BER performance by 7 dB for SNR range over 15 dB.