• Peer-to-peer capacity-building in tourism: values and experiences of field-based education

      Novelli, Marina; Burns, Peter (Taylor & Francis, 2010-12)
      Taking tourism as a metaphor for the complex and unequal relationship between the Majority World and the more affluent tourist-generating countries, this paper reports research into ways in which educational tourism can facilitate mutually beneficial exchanges between ‘hosts and guests’. The empirical work is based on data collected as part of an innovative field-based education project on international tourism development and management with field-based activities conducted in The Gambia. The paper aimed to show that if the exchange, both culturally and pragmatically, was to benefit not only the visiting students but also the host country, then values, cross-cultural interaction, innovation and knowledge exchange would have to play key roles to ensure that this peer-to-peer capacity-building opportunity though educational tourism would contribute to sustainable (tourism) development in the chosen locality.
    • Politics and sustainable tourism development – can they co-exist? Voices from North Cyprus

      Yasarata, Muhammet; Altinay, Levent; Burns, Peter; Okumus, Fevzi; Cyprus Premier Holidays Ltd; Oxford Brookes University; University of Brighton; University of Central Florida (Elsevier, 2010-06)
      This paper investigates ways in which political obstacles inhibit the formulation and implementation of sustainable tourism development in small-island developing states through the example of North Cyprus. The methodology draws on in-depth interviews and participant observation of significant actors in the tourism sector. The research findings suggest that understanding the intricate political system and power structure in a society is the key to understanding sustainable tourism policy development, planning and implementation. In the case of North Cyprus, policy development was found to be a product of political influence (referred to as ego-driven politics in the text), specifically the use of public resources as an instrument for political power, retention and that the politicisation of the public sector is the underlying cause of the weakened progress in sustainable tourism development. It is therefore essential to have a clear understanding of political issues, key political actors’ interests and how to mitigate personal interests to facilitate and maintain sustainable tourism development in such small states.
    • (Re)viewing Cannibal Tours: lost in translation

      Burns, Peter; Zafiri, Konstantina (Inderscience, 2012)
      The film Cannibal Tours powerfully portrays the impact of tourism in the Sepik region of Papua New Guinea through an array of host-guest encounters. Using text from the film as data, the present paper reveals new insights through a close analysis of the English subtitles given as translation for the Italian and German tourists. The subtitles are examined at three levels of equivalence to establish translation strategy and impact. The whole text is also be submitted to analysis using the critical discourse analysis (CDA) method. The findings have far-reaching implications on several levels. First, they are insightful for the study of tourism in developing destinations. Second, they confirm the significance of using visual data for research in the social sciences. Third, they demonstrate that translation in films can impact heavily on film meaning-making and viewer perception.
    • A ‘reality of return’: the case of the Sarawakian-Chinese visiting China

      Tie, Caroline; Holden, Andrew; Park, Hyung yu; University of Bedfordshire; Middlesex University (Elsevier, 2015)
      Using an interpretive ethnographic framework, this paper focuses on how travel to the homeland informs the identity of the Sarawakian-Chinese, a diaspora that contains a composite of subcultures. The data collection is based upon 35 semi-structured interviews and participant observation of a SarawakianChinese tour group to China. Whilst emotional connections with China are universally significant in constructing the diaspora's ethnic identity, the strength of association is influenced by characteristics of education, religion and language, as identity becomes re-defined and plural. The findings suggest that the influence of tourism to the homeland may not necessarily be significant in enhancing emotional and cultural connections with China. Instead, ambivalent connections to homeland become established during tourism experiences. Visits to the homeland could play a significant role in forging new and hybrid identities of ethnic communities outside the homeland, thereby bringing a new vital dimension to identity formation and communication of the Sarawakian-Chinese in the future.
    • Research themes for tourism

      Petrova, Petia (Taylor and Francis, 2011)
    • Scholarship of teaching and learning: what role can writing retreats play?

      Petrova, Petia; Coughlin, Annika (University of Bedfordshire, 2010)
    • The seductions of “soft power”: the call for multifronted research into the articulative reach of tourism in China

      Hollinshead, Keith; Hou, Chun Xiao (Taylor & Francis, 2012-07)
      In recent years, tourism has been increasingly posited as not just that set of ordinary promotional processes by which destinations are projected to visitors from afar (and by which those holiday-makers/trippers are managed there) but also as that mix of political and aspirational activities through which institutions and interest groups variously collaborate and contend to solidify particular visions of their supposed culture, heritage, and nature for not only distant/external others but for their own proximal/internal selves. Working from these later/broader perspectives, this article calls for a much richer critique of the ways in which China itself is articulated. Drawing particularly from Bell's (2008) scrutiny of Confucian orientations to the world and from Nyíri's (2006) examination of declarative agency of and over tourism, this article calls for deeper and more sustained critique of the conceivable “soft power” normalizations of China through tourism today.
    • Special issue endnote: tourism and worldmaking – where do we go from here?

      Ateljevic, Irena; Hollinshead, Keith; Ali, Nazia (Taylor and Francis, 2009)
    • Sport and adventure

      Beedie, Paul (Learning Matters, 2010)
    • Sport and community

      Craig, Peter; Beedie, Paul; Mellor, G. (Learning Matters, 2010)
    • Sport and diversity: issues of race, ethnicity and disability

      Craig, Peter; Beedie, Paul (Learning Matters, 2010)