• Adolescents' experiences of the right to play and leisure in Northern Ireland

      Beckett, Helen (Taylor & Francis, 2010-07)
      Under Article 31 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, every child under the age of 18 has the right to engage in age-appropriate play and leisure activities. Drawing on the qualitative findings of a wider review of children's rights in Northern Ireland, this article examines the degree to which adolescents in Northern Ireland are currently able to enjoy this right. The data presented in the article are primarily based on the views of young people, as expressed in focus group discussions with their peers, although this is at times contextualised by the contributions of adult participants and the findings of an in-depth policy and literature review. The article argues that young people's right to play and leisure is not currently adequately recognised within Northern Ireland, noting the impact of the increasing demonisation and marginalisation of youth upon both this and their accompanying right to protection. The article concludes with a consideration of the potential implications of the current failure to afford young people adequate and appropriate play and leisure opportunities, calling on the State party to urgently deliver on the commitments it made in ratifying the Convention.
    • Anchors in floating lives : interventions with young people sexually abused through prostitution

      Melrose, Margaret; Barrett, David (Russell House Publishing, 2004)
    • Breaking down barriers to accessing mental health support services - a qualitative study among young South Asian and African-Caribbean communities in Luton

      Neale, Jo; Worrell, Marcia; Randhawa, Gurch; University of Bedfordshire; Roehampton University (Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2009)
      Recent research has suggested that there is limited information about mental health help-seeking among young African—Caribbean and South Asian communities. This study explores the mental health support needs and perceptions of the Samaritans among young African—Caribbean and South Asian people living in Luton. Five single-sex focus groups were conducted among the three main South Asian groups and African—Caribbeans in Luton. This paper describes the challenges faced by service providers and potential users from minority ethnic groups in respectively providing and accessing mental health services. Finally, the paper makes some recommendations for developing culturally competent and more visible service provision.
    • Brief encounters: working in complex, short-term relationships

      Kohli, Ravi K.S.; Dutton, J. (Jessica Kingsley, 2010)
    • Child imprisonment: exploring injustice by geography

      Bateman, Tim; University of Bedfordshire (HM Prison Service, 2011)
      The risk that a child might be confined to the secure estate depends to a large extent on the post code of the court in which he or she is sentenced. At the level of individual youth offending team (YOT) area, the difference is 1 in 5 cases leading to a court disposal in Merthyr Tydfil to 1 in 150 in Dorset. This variation cannot be explained by local patterns of youth crime, but is indicative of a form of injustice. The article demonstrates that sentence decision-making at the local level is sensitive to a range of factors which distinguish the areas with a high use of detention from those which deprive few children of their liberty. These factors are: the extent of pre-court diversion; the distribution of sentencing options below the level of custody; and the manner in which youth justice practitioners respond to children who come to the attentions of YOTs. The article concludes that areas where the level of child imprisonment remains relatively low retain elements from an earlier era of youth justice committed to decriminalisation, diversion and decarceration. In contrast, localities with higher rates of incarceration show more features associated with the punitive turn of the early 1990s.
    • Children in conflict with the law: an overview of trends and developments – 2010/2011

      Bateman, Tim; National Association for Youth Justice (National Association for Youth Justice, 2012)
      The youth justice system is an ever changing landscape. Shifts in legislation, policy and practice generate corresponding transformations in the treatment of children who come to the attention of criminal justice agencies. Substantial variation in responses to youth crime owes little to changes in children’s offending behaviour or to a growing awareness of ‘what works’ (itself a contested issue) 1 but is largely a function of political and financial considerations. The National Association for Youth Justice (NAYJ) believes that an understanding of these changes provides an important contextual base for those who wish to argue for reform of the current arrangements for dealing with children in trouble in favour of a child friendly youth justice system. Such an understanding is also a prerequisite of providing child friendly services within that system.
    • Conceptualising and responding to self-neglect: the challenges for adult safeguarding

      Braye, Suzy; Orr, David; Preston-Shoot, Michael (Emerald, 2011)
      Purpose – The research reported here aims to scope the concept of self-neglect as it is explored in the literature and interpreted in practice by professionals involved in adult safeguarding. Design/methodology/approach – The approach taken included a systematic search and thematic analysis of English-language literature on self-neglect, workshops with UK-based adult safeguarding leads and practitioners from social services, police and health services, and scrutiny of Safeguarding Adults Boards’ documentation. Findings – The concept of self-neglect is complex with contrasting definitions and aetiology, accompanied by debates on the principles that guide intervention. Decision-making capacity is a key pivot upon which professional responses to self-neglect turn. Intervention in self-neglect requires careful exploration in the context of principles of personalisation, choice, control, and empowerment that underpin policy in adult social care and safeguarding. Research limitations/implications – As a conceptual scoping review, this study seeks to establish broad themes of use to practitioners working with self-neglect. It thus does not carry out a full quality review of the literature identified and discussed, but serves as a base for this to be done in future. Practical implications – Assessment in self-neglect should consider the influence of a number of possible causative factors, and intervention must balance respect for autonomy on the one hand and a perceived duty to preserve health and wellbeing on the other. Originality/value – This article summarises and critically analyses the emerging key features of evidence-informed practice in the challenging field of self-neglect.
    • Conclusion: what the evidence tells us

      Bateman, Tim; Pitts, John (Russell House Publishing, 2005)
    • Court reports

      Bateman, Tim; Pitts, John (Russell House Publishing, 2005)
    • Courting controversy - children sexually abused through prostitution - are they everybody's distant relatives but nobody's children

      Barrett, David; Melrose, Margaret (Child and Family Law Quarterly, 2003)
      This article explores the economic and political forces that affect children who are sexually abused through prostitution. Further, it considers and examines issues relating to recent government guidance and protocols and how these are working in practice.
    • Critical perspectives on child sexual exploitation and related trafficking

      Melrose, Margaret; Pearce, Jenny J. (Palgrave Macmillan, 2013-09-04)
    • Custodial sentencing of children: prospects for reversing the tide

      Bateman, Tim (Sage Publications, 2001)
      This article examines the extent of custodial sentencing of children in England and Wales and locates it within the context of Article 37 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. Drawing on a recent survey, undertaken by NACRO on behalf of the Youth Justice Board for England and Wales, the evidence for the existence of ‘justice by geography’ in terms of the use of custody is reviewed, and factors which might account for variations in sentencing practice are explored. Finally, an assessment is given of the prospects for reversing the recent trend to deprive increasing numbers of children of their liberty, in the light of current developments in policy and practice.
    • Custody rate

      Bateman, Tim (Willan, 2008)
    • Detention and training orders

      Bateman, Tim (Willan, 2008)
    • Early years support for traveller communities

      D'Arcy, Kate (The Runnymede Trust, 2011)
    • Easy pickings or hard profession? begging as an economic activity

      Melrose, Margaret; Dean, Hartley (Policy Press, 1999)
    • Editorial

      Bateman, Tim; Pitts, John; University of Bedfordshire; Vauxhall Centre for the Study of Crime, University of Bedfordshire (Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2011)
    • Editorial

      Bateman, Tim; Fox, Chris (Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2012)
    • Editorial

      Bateman, Tim; Fox, Chris (Emerald Group Publishing Ltd, 2011)
    • Editorial

      Bateman, Tim; Fox, Chris (Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2011)