• Critical perspectives on child sexual exploitation and related trafficking

      Melrose, Margaret; Pearce, Jenny J. (Palgrave Macmillan, 2013-09-04)
    • Resettlement of young people leaving custody: lessons from the literature

      Bateman, Tim; Hazel, Neal; Wright, Sam; University of Salford; University of Bedfordshire; Nacro; ARCS (UK) Ltd (Beyond Youth Custody, 2013-04-15)
      This literature review presents the findings of an analysis of research literature about resettlement services for young people when they leave custody. The review has been produced as part of the Beyond Youth Custody programme funded under the Big Lottery Fund’s Youth in Focus programme.
    • Keeping up (tough) appearances: the age of criminal responsibility

      Bateman, Tim (Taylor and Francis, 2013-03-22)
      Whatever else may have changed with the election of the coalition government, the new administration shares with its Labour predecessor a resolute opposition to any suggestion that the age of criminal responsibility should be raised from its current ten years of age. Indeed, the similarity of responses, on this issue, either side of the election is striking.
    • Youth justice news

      Bateman, Tim (SAGE, 2013-02)
      round up of news in youth justice compiled by Tim Bateman
    • Editorial

      Bateman, Tim; Smithson, Hannah (Emerald, 2013)
      Safer Communities would like to welcome Hannah Smithson as new co-editor of the journal. Hannah would like to thank Emerald Group Publishing and co-editor, Tim Bateman for inviting her to join the Safer Communities Team. She is very much looking forward to contributing to the journal, in what looks to be a changing and uncertain period within the field of criminal justice and community safety. All of the papers in this issue touch upon the impact of cuts in public spending and the potential affects to the criminal justice system for both those working within it and those individuals it deals with. Safer Communities expects and welcomes more papers focusing on the effects of public spending cuts
    • Youth justice news

      Bateman, Tim (Sage Publications, 2012-11-13)
      The imposition of curfews in cases involving children below the age of 18 years has become increasingly popular in the recent period. As indicated in Table 1, the number of curfew orders rose from 1293 in 2002/3 to 8367 in 2008/9, the last full year that such a disposal was available as a stand-alone order. Over the same period, curfews as a proportion of all sentences imposed also increased from 1.4 to 7.6 per cent. For offences committed after 30 November 2009, all existing community sentences for children were replaced by the youth rehabilitation order to which a range of requirements − including a curfew − could be attached. Figures for subsequent years are not accordingly available in a comparable format. However, in 2011/12, the total amount paid to contractors providing electronic monitoring services to the Ministry of Justice (in respect of both adults and children) stood at £116.9 million. Of those children sentenced to a curfew order during 2009/10, 67.6 per cent were reconvicted within a year, a recidivism rate higher than that for any other non-custodial youth disposal.
    • Youth justice news

      Bateman, Tim (Sage Publications, 2012-07)
    • Young people, welfare reform and social insecurity

      Melrose, Margaret (2012-03)
      This article traces the continuities between welfare reforms pursued under New Labour and those proposed by the Coalition government in the UK. It suggests that these reforms sought and continue to seek to discipline young people to accept low-paid, insecure work and unemployment and thereby entrench their poverty and disadvantage. The article argues that faced with this social and economic insecurity many young people may opt for informal opportunities in the shadow economy where they will become further dislocated from the socio-economic mainstream.
    • Who pulled the plug? towards an explanation of the fall in child imprisonment in England and Wales

      Bateman, Tim; University of Bedfordshire (Sage Publications, 2012)
      This article offers an analysis of the recent fall in youth custody in England and Wales. It argues that parallels can be drawn between the present period and the decline in child imprisonment during Margaret Thatcher’s premiership in the 1980s. In particular, increased diversion and a depoliticization of youth crime have contributed to a more tolerant decision making within the court arena. Some remarks on the implications for an understanding of the punitive turn are offered and an assessment of the prospect for future trends is provided in the light of the riots of August 2011.
    • Children in conflict with the law: an overview of trends and developments – 2010/2011

      Bateman, Tim; National Association for Youth Justice (National Association for Youth Justice, 2012)
      The youth justice system is an ever changing landscape. Shifts in legislation, policy and practice generate corresponding transformations in the treatment of children who come to the attention of criminal justice agencies. Substantial variation in responses to youth crime owes little to changes in children’s offending behaviour or to a growing awareness of ‘what works’ (itself a contested issue) 1 but is largely a function of political and financial considerations. The National Association for Youth Justice (NAYJ) believes that an understanding of these changes provides an important contextual base for those who wish to argue for reform of the current arrangements for dealing with children in trouble in favour of a child friendly youth justice system. Such an understanding is also a prerequisite of providing child friendly services within that system.
    • Editorial

      Bateman, Tim; Fox, Chris (Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2012)
    • Fostering unaccompanied asylum-seeking young people : creating a family life across a “world of difference"

      Wade, Jim; Sirriyeh, Ala; Kohli, Ravi K.S.; Simmonds, John (British Association for Adoption & Fostering, 2012)
      Unaccompanied asylum-seeking young people form a small but significant part of the UK looked after children population. Their circumstances and needs are complex and as a group they require careful and sensitive assessment, planning and placement. Foster carers are at the heart of this task, providing family care against a background of uncertainty, anxiety and potential risk. How do the young people and foster carers build relationships? How do local authorities address the challenge of caring for unaccompanied asylum-seeking young people? And do their actions result in successful integration into UK society of these young people, or continuing problems? This research study details and examines the results of a census survey of four local authorities, collectively looking after over 2000 unaccompanied young people. Postal surveys and interviews were undertaken with a number of foster carers and young people to identify their experiences in placements, and a policy and practice study included focus groups to gather the views of social workers, young people and key stakeholders. The results of this extensive study reveal ongoing changes in the way in which unaccompanied asylum-seeking young people are looked after and the main features of the fostering task, insights into how young people and foster carers felt about their placements, and key implications for policy and practice.
    • Learning and digital inclusion: the ELAMP project

      D'Arcy, Kate; University of Bedfordshire (Taylor and Francis, 2012)
      The Electronic Learning and Mobility Project (ELAMP) was a nationally funded project by the Department for Children, Schools and Families, which ran from 2004 to 2010. The main aim of ELAMP was to improve the education of Traveller children, particularly highly mobile learners. ELAMP focussed upon the use of mobile technology and distance learning to support, enhance and extend young Travellers’ educational and vocational opportunities. This article will reflect upon the learning and technological experiences and opportunities that the ELAMP project provided for Traveller children, young people and their families. In doing so it will critically consider the value of information technology in working with Traveller communities and advancing their educational opportunities. Reviewing ELAMP work will also demonstrate how the use of mobile technology can improve educational outcomes and Traveller families’ digital inclusion. Now that the project has ended, this article will question why we are not using what we learnt from ELAMP to move forward.
    • Payment by results and the youth justice system: an NAYJ position paper

      Bateman, Tim; National Association for Youth Justice (National Association for Youth Justice, 2011-07)
      The coalition government has given notice of a ‘rehabilitation revolution’. At the heart of the proposals is a commitment to the widescale introduction of ‘payment by results’ (PBR) that will inform ‘all work on offending’, including that with children below the age of 18 years. The government argues that such an approach will deliver a range of benefits, but the rationale is largely rhetorical with few arguments of substance adduced in support. The NAYJ is concerned that the rapid introduction of a new, largely ideologically driven, model of service delivery for children in trouble that emphasises market mechanisms will: encourage a risk averse practice at the expense of interventions intended to enhance the wellbeing of children focus on short term reoffending at the expense of other longer term, developmental, outcomes require that issues of proportionality and children’s rights are sidelined as material rewards come to take priority over matters of principle, and generate a range of unintended consequences without delivering the promised reductions in offending behaviour.
    • Researching young people's outcomes in children's services: Findings from a longitudinal study

      Wigley, Veronica; Preston-Shoot, Michael; McMurray, Isabella; Connolly, Helen (2011-04-08)
    • Youth justice: on raising the age of criminal responsibility

      Bateman, Tim (LibDemVoice.org, 2011-03-08)
    • Hard times: young people’s and young parents’ experiences of living through poverty in Luton

      Melrose, Margaret; Waqar, Muhammad; Randhawa, Gurch (University of Bedfordshire, 2011-03)
      This research report is primarily concerned with the experiences of young people (16-24 years) and young parents bringing up children within the context of poverty in Luton. It is divided into three sections. Part One provides a general overview of poverty research in the UK. Part Two presents the findings from the study of young people and young parents’ experiences of poverty in Luton. Part Three discusses the implications of the findings presented and recommendations that arise from them. The overview of research presented in part one of this report is organised under the following headings: measures of poverty commonly adopted in UK poverty research; the extent of poverty in the UK including a short discussion of gender and ethnicity; attitudes to poverty amongst the general public; the impacts of poverty on children and families; poverty amongst young people; parenting in poverty; patterns of poverty. Part two of the report provides a brief description of the methodology adopted for this study and the sample amongst whom the research was conducted. Key findings are then summarised. Following this a thematic analysis of interview data is presented. This covers the following themes: how participants defined poverty; how participants explained poverty; the images of ‘poor people’ participants employed; whether participants considered they or their families were poor; participants’ descriptions of living through poverty; what participants thought the Local Authority should do to tackle poverty. Part three presents a discussion of the implications of the findings from this study and the recommendations that arise from them.