• The Barnardo's Safe Accommodation Project: consultation with young people

      Shuker, Lucie; University of Bedfordshire (University of Bedfordshire, 2012-04)
      This report presents the findings of a consultation with young people in the care system affected by sexual exploitation or trafficking, conducted as part of the Barnardo's Safe Accommodation project. The consultation focused on experiences of the care system and how these could be improved.
    • Breaking the wall of silence: practitioners’ responses to trafficked children and young people

      Pearce, Jenny J.; Hynes, Patricia; Bovarnick, Silvie (NSPCC., 2009)
    • By their side and on their side: reviewing the evidence for guardianship for separated children in in Northern Ireland

      Kohli, Ravi K.S.; Connolly, Helen; Beckett, Helen; Northern Ireland Commissioner for Children and Young People; University of Bedfordshire (Northern Ireland Commissioner for Children and Young People, 2014-02)
      Considering the rights and best interests of separated children brings into sharp focus the challenge that Northern Ireland faces in making sure that proper standards are adhered to and effective services are provided for such a small but vulnerable group of children and young people. The recommendations explore how practice and services could be strengthened and assured in regard to guardianship and the report notes that we must ensure the support that separated children receive is robust and effective rather than being contingent or reliant on the skills of individual professionals.
    • Challenging sexual violence in Europe: using participatory methods with children

      Pearce, Jenny J.; University of Bedfordshire (University of Bedfordshire, 2012-10)
      This report presents the findings of a desk top review into activities across Europe involving young people as participants in efforts to prevent sexual violence against children. The work was initiated and supported by the Council of Europe programme 'Building a Europe for and with Children', with the Institute of Applied Social Research.
    • Consultation with experts on the prevention of sexual abuse of children: preparation of the Council of Europe Campaign to stop sexual violence against children

      Pearce, Jenny J.; University of Bedfordshire (Council of Europe, 2009-12-10)
      This report summarises the contributions of the participants who attended the meeting in December 2009 and is based on: the information given in presentations from the experts at the meeting; and the discussions that followed presentations and took place in plenary summary events.
    • Contemporary compulsory dispersal and the absence of space for the restoration of trust

      Hynes, Patricia; NSPCC Fresh Start (Oxford University Press, 2009-02-11)
      This paper investigates the issue of trust, or mistrust, specifically in relation to single adult asylum seekers and asylum seeker families compulsorily dispersed across England. It draws upon doctoral research on the social exclusion of asylum seekers as a result of dispersal and their separation from mainstream welfare provision due to the creation of the National Asylum Support Service (NASS) following the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999. Trust is an ambiguous term and four forms of trust are delineated to assist conceptualizing the experience of forced migration: social, political, institutional and restorative trust. This paper provides an overview of the aims and each phase of the implementation of dispersal. It is argued that the dispersal system leaves little room for political or institutional trust to be restored and hinders the restoration of social trust. It is suggested that this lack of space for the restoration of trust has negative implications for the longer term resettlement process of asylum seekers who obtain refugee status. It is also suggested that trust is an essential component of UK government policies promoting social or community cohesion, community engagement and initiatives to combat trafficking, forced marriage and ‘honour’ based violence and that mistrust of asylum seekers as a group directly contradicts such policies and initiatives.
    • Ethical statement : research into gang-associated sexual violence and exploitation

      Beckett, Helen; University of Bedfordshire (University of Bedfordshire, 2011)
    • Evaluation of Barnardo’s Safe Accommodation Project for sexually exploited and trafficked young people

      Shuker, Lucie; University of Bedfordshire (University of Bedfordshire, 2013)
      The Safe Accommodation Project piloted the use of specialist foster placements for young people at risk, or victims, of sexual exploitation and/or trafficking, for the first time in England, as well as providing training to foster carers and associated professionals, and 1-1 support to young people in other care settings.
    • Exploring the scale and nature of child sexual exploitation in Scotland

      Brodie, Isabelle; Pearce, Jenny J.; University of Bedfordshire (Scottish Government, 2012-10-17)
      This report provides a summary of known evidence about the scale and nature of child sexual exploitation in Scotland, based on existing statistics and research and workshops with practitioner experts.
    • Family relationships

      Barrett, David; Kukhareva, Maria (Berg, 2010)
    • Foreword

      Barrett, David; Kukhareva, Maria (Routledge, 2010)
    • Gender, sex and sexuality in the assessment of prospective carers

      Cosis-Brown, Helen (1992-07-16)
      Argues that issues of gender, sex and sexuality have direct implications for children placed with carers and offers points to be kept in mind when approaching these areas with prospective carers.
    • Giving us the ‘biggest bang for the buck’ (or not): anti-trafficking government funding in Ukraine and the United Kingdom

      Sharapov, Kiril; University of Bedfordshire (Anti-Trafficking Review, 2014-09)
      The focus of this paper is on government anti-trafficking policies and funding allocations in two case-study countries, Ukraine and the United Kingdom (UK). The paper discusses specific ways, or ‘vectors’, in which human trafficking has been discursively constructed by national policies and the solutions that have been offered to counteract it. It relies on publicly available information and information obtained via Freedom of Information requests from public authorities in these countries to explore the extent to which anti-trafficking funding allocated by national governments supports or unsettles such representations. A broader definition of human trafficking has been encoded into anti-trafficking policies in Ukraine, implicating migratory pressures and violation of irregular migrants’ human rights as the root causes of trafficking. However, the ability of the government to act upon this definition is limited by the ongoing socio-economic and political crises in Ukraine. This is in comparison to the politicised construction of trafficking by the UK government as a threat from international organised crime and ‘illegal’ immigration. The paper concludes that governments in both countries put their anti-trafficking money where ‘their mouths are’: crime, immigration and victim care in the UK, and awareness raising, victim care and training of ‘frontline professionals’ in Ukraine.
    • Global points of ‘vulnerability’: understanding processes of the trafficking of children and young people into, within and out of the UK

      Hynes, Patricia (2012-05-21)
      Within the UK, trafficking of children and young people into, within and out of the country has become an increasingly important and debated issue over the past decade. Although not a new phenomenon, human trafficking has risen up the policy agendas of many countries since the end of the Cold War. This type of forced migration is inextricably linked to the promotion and protection of human rights – be they civil, political, social, economic or cultural rights – and as such it is important that the broader social processes involved are understood and researched by sociologists. This contribution draws upon qualitative research into practitioner responses to trafficking of children conducted by the University of Bedfordshire and the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) in the UK. A key finding of this study was that trafficking of children is often viewed as a one-off ‘event’ by those who have a duty to care for children and young people. It is argued that viewing trafficking as a broader sociological process rather than an event enables a greater understanding of the environmental backgrounds of individual children and the human rights contexts within countries of origin as well as subsequent migration trajectories. It is suggested that this may lead to an enhanced ability to identify children as having been trafficked by those with a duty to care for children. The literature from the multidisciplinary fields of refugee studies and forced migration is drawn upon where applicable.
    • Human trafficking and online networks: policy, analysis, and ignorance

      Mendel, Jonathan; Sharapov, Kiril; University of Bedfordshire; University of Dundee; University of Dundee; University of Bedfordshire (Wiley, 2016)
      Dominant anti-trafficking policy discourses represent trafficking as an issue of crime, “illegal” migration, victimhood and humanitarianism. Such a narrow focus is not an adequate response to the interplay between technology, trafficking and anti-trafficking. This article explores different levels of analysis and the interplay between human trafficking and technology. We argue for a shift from policy discourses with a very limited focus on crime and victimisation to more systemic understandings of trafficking and more robust micro-analyses of trafficking and everyday life. The article calls for an agnotological understanding of policy responses to trafficking and technology: these depend upon the production of ignorance. We critique limitations in policy understandings of trafficking-related aspects of online spaces, and argue for better engagement with online networks. We conclude that there is a need to move beyond a focus on “new” technology and exceptionalist claims about “modern slavery” towards greater attention to everyday exploitation within neoliberalism.
    • "It's wrong - but you get used to it" : a qualitative study of gang-associated sexual violence towards, and exploitation of, young people in England

      Beckett, Helen; Brodie, Isabelle; Factor, Fiona; Melrose, Margaret; Pearce, Jenny J.; Pitts, John; Shuker, Lucie; Warrington, Camille; University of Bedfordshire (University of Bedfordshire, 2013-11)
      The research was commissioned by the Office of the Children’s Commissioner for England as part of its Inquiry into Child Sexual Exploitation in Gangs and Groups. The research aimed to consider: the scale and nature of gang-associated sexual violence and exploitation in six areas of England; the main pathways into gang-related sexual violence and exploitation for young people living in these neighbourhoods; and potential models for an effective multi-agency response to the issue.