Impacts of stratospheric aerosol geoengineering strategy on Caribbean coral reefs

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10547/622157
Title:
Impacts of stratospheric aerosol geoengineering strategy on Caribbean coral reefs
Authors:
Zhang, Z; Jones, A.; Crabbe, M. James C.
Abstract:
Purpose: Currently, negotiation on global carbon emissions reduction is very difficult due to lack of international willingness. In response, geoengineering (climate engineering) strategy is proposed to artificially cool the planet. Meanwhile, as the harbor around one-third of all described marine species, coral reefs are the most sensitive ecosystem on the planet to climate change. However, until now, there is no any quantitative assessment on impacts of geoengineering on coral reefs. In this study, we model impacts of stratospheric aerosol geoengineering on coral reefs. Design/methodology/approach: We will use the HadGEM2-ES climate model to model and evaluate impacts of stratospheric aerosol geoengineering on coral reefs. Findings: This study shows that a) stratospheric aerosol geoengineering could significantly mitigate future coral bleaching throughout the Caribbean Sea; b) Changes in downward solar irradiation, sea level rise and sea surface temperature caused by geoengineering implementation should have very little impacts on coral reefs; c) although geoengineering would prolong the return period of future hurricanes, this may still be too short to ensure coral recruitment and survival after hurricane damage.
Citation:
Zhang Z, Jones A, Crabbe MJC (2017) 'Impacts of stratospheric aerosol geoengineering strategy on Caribbean coral reefs', International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management.
Publisher:
Emerald
Journal:
International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management
Issue Date:
24-Jul-2017
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10547/622157
DOI:
10.1108/IJCCSM-05-2017-0104
Additional Links:
http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/full/10.1108/IJCCSM-05-2017-0104
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
1756-8692
Appears in Collections:
Environmental science

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Zen
dc.contributor.authorJones, A.en
dc.contributor.authorCrabbe, M. James C.en
dc.date.accessioned2017-07-24T14:19:18Z-
dc.date.available2017-07-24T14:19:18Z-
dc.date.issued2017-07-24-
dc.identifier.citationZhang Z, Jones A, Crabbe MJC (2017) 'Impacts of stratospheric aerosol geoengineering strategy on Caribbean coral reefs', International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management.en
dc.identifier.issn1756-8692-
dc.identifier.doi10.1108/IJCCSM-05-2017-0104-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10547/622157-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: Currently, negotiation on global carbon emissions reduction is very difficult due to lack of international willingness. In response, geoengineering (climate engineering) strategy is proposed to artificially cool the planet. Meanwhile, as the harbor around one-third of all described marine species, coral reefs are the most sensitive ecosystem on the planet to climate change. However, until now, there is no any quantitative assessment on impacts of geoengineering on coral reefs. In this study, we model impacts of stratospheric aerosol geoengineering on coral reefs. Design/methodology/approach: We will use the HadGEM2-ES climate model to model and evaluate impacts of stratospheric aerosol geoengineering on coral reefs. Findings: This study shows that a) stratospheric aerosol geoengineering could significantly mitigate future coral bleaching throughout the Caribbean Sea; b) Changes in downward solar irradiation, sea level rise and sea surface temperature caused by geoengineering implementation should have very little impacts on coral reefs; c) although geoengineering would prolong the return period of future hurricanes, this may still be too short to ensure coral recruitment and survival after hurricane damage.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherEmeralden
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/full/10.1108/IJCCSM-05-2017-0104-
dc.rightsGreen - can archive pre-print and post-print or publisher's version/PDF-
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subjectcoralen
dc.subjectCaribbean Seaen
dc.subjectgeoengineeringen
dc.subjecthurricanesen
dc.subjectF850 Environmental Sciencesen
dc.titleImpacts of stratospheric aerosol geoengineering strategy on Caribbean coral reefsen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalInternational Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Managementen
dc.date.updated2017-07-24T14:15:36Z-
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