Evaluation of the English for Specific Purposes (ESP) programme in engineering universities in Punjab, Pakistan

5.00
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10547/621832
Title:
Evaluation of the English for Specific Purposes (ESP) programme in engineering universities in Punjab, Pakistan
Authors:
Anwar, Rana Muhammad Bilal
Abstract:
The study evaluates aspects of an on-going educational programme “the ESP Programme” in the Engineering Universities of Punjab, Pakistan. It also highlights the importance of English Language program evaluation before and after teaching English language. Program evaluation is a largely ignored area of English language teaching. To date, there has been little research into the evaluation of academic programs in the field of ESP. Pakistan's English for Engineers university programme is a case in point. Although this programme was developed almost two and half decades ago, so far it has not been evaluated systematically in a way which would identify its merits and shortcomings and provide a basis for its continuous, systematic, research informed development. The present study is a report on an attempt to fill this gap in two ways: (a) by considering how a thorough evaluation of an on-going ESP (English for Specific Purposes) programme in engineering universities in Punjab, Pakistan could be carried out in the context of the concern for 'quality assurance' in educational innovation. (b) by developing some research instruments required for carrying out the evaluation The study describes how questionnaires, interviews, observations, and document analysis were designed and used to gather qualitative and quantitative data revealing a positive general attitude toward teaching/learning English as a foreign language .There was general agreement that the broad needs of the students had been well recognised and the objectives had been well set. However, the programme was not regarded a success due to its failure to achieve the intended objectives. The findings of the study also show the importance of all four language skills in an ESP program, both for the students’ academic studies and for their target careers. Generally speaking, the evaluation results indicate that the ESP is helpful to some extent but the programme is unsuccessful on the whole. There is no learners’ 'needs analysis' with respect to their 'wants' and 'wishes'. There is big incongruity between the opinion on priorities by programme designers and policy makers, lack of teacher competence, training, and the neglect of learner assessment and evaluation. The study recommends the provision of teacher training and the recruitment of additional ESP teaching staff as first steps towards the necessary improvements. It is also concluded that the collection of multiple types of data from various sources and places is necessary to overcome many of the problems commonly associated with needs analysis and evaluation studies.
Citation:
Anwar, R.N.B (2016) ‘Evaluation of the English for Specific Purposes (ESP) Programme in Engineering Universities in Punjab, Pakistan’. PhD thesis. University of Bedfordshire.
Publisher:
University of Bedfordshire
Issue Date:
Feb-2016
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10547/621832
Type:
Thesis or dissertation
Language:
en
Description:
A thesis submitted to the University of Bedfordshire in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy
Appears in Collections:
PhD e-theses

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorAnwar, Rana Muhammad Bilalen
dc.date.accessioned2016-11-11T13:30:33Z-
dc.date.available2016-11-11T13:30:33Z-
dc.date.issued2016-02-
dc.identifier.citationAnwar, R.N.B (2016) ‘Evaluation of the English for Specific Purposes (ESP) Programme in Engineering Universities in Punjab, Pakistan’. PhD thesis. University of Bedfordshire.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10547/621832-
dc.descriptionA thesis submitted to the University of Bedfordshire in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophyen
dc.description.abstractThe study evaluates aspects of an on-going educational programme “the ESP Programme” in the Engineering Universities of Punjab, Pakistan. It also highlights the importance of English Language program evaluation before and after teaching English language. Program evaluation is a largely ignored area of English language teaching. To date, there has been little research into the evaluation of academic programs in the field of ESP. Pakistan's English for Engineers university programme is a case in point. Although this programme was developed almost two and half decades ago, so far it has not been evaluated systematically in a way which would identify its merits and shortcomings and provide a basis for its continuous, systematic, research informed development. The present study is a report on an attempt to fill this gap in two ways: (a) by considering how a thorough evaluation of an on-going ESP (English for Specific Purposes) programme in engineering universities in Punjab, Pakistan could be carried out in the context of the concern for 'quality assurance' in educational innovation. (b) by developing some research instruments required for carrying out the evaluation The study describes how questionnaires, interviews, observations, and document analysis were designed and used to gather qualitative and quantitative data revealing a positive general attitude toward teaching/learning English as a foreign language .There was general agreement that the broad needs of the students had been well recognised and the objectives had been well set. However, the programme was not regarded a success due to its failure to achieve the intended objectives. The findings of the study also show the importance of all four language skills in an ESP program, both for the students’ academic studies and for their target careers. Generally speaking, the evaluation results indicate that the ESP is helpful to some extent but the programme is unsuccessful on the whole. There is no learners’ 'needs analysis' with respect to their 'wants' and 'wishes'. There is big incongruity between the opinion on priorities by programme designers and policy makers, lack of teacher competence, training, and the neglect of learner assessment and evaluation. The study recommends the provision of teacher training and the recruitment of additional ESP teaching staff as first steps towards the necessary improvements. It is also concluded that the collection of multiple types of data from various sources and places is necessary to overcome many of the problems commonly associated with needs analysis and evaluation studies.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherUniversity of Bedfordshireen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subjectEnglish evaluationen
dc.subjectengineeringen
dc.subjectPunjaben
dc.subjectEnglish for Specific Purposesen
dc.subjectEnglish as a Second Languageen
dc.subjectlanguage assessmenten
dc.titleEvaluation of the English for Specific Purposes (ESP) programme in engineering universities in Punjab, Pakistanen
dc.typeThesis or dissertationen
dc.type.qualificationnamePhDen_GB
dc.type.qualificationlevelPhDen
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Bedfordshireen
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