Local understandings of conservation in southeastern Mexico and their implications for community-based conservation as an alternative paradigm

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10547/593522
Title:
Local understandings of conservation in southeastern Mexico and their implications for community-based conservation as an alternative paradigm
Authors:
Reyes-Garcia, Victoria; Ruiz-Mallen, Isabel; Porter-Bolland, Luciana; Garcia-Frapolli, Eduardo; Ellis, Edward A.; Mendez, Maria-Elena; Pritchard, Diana J.; Sanchez-Gonzalez, Maria-Consuelo
Abstract:
Since the 1990s national and international programs have aimed to legitimize local conservation initiatives that might provide an alternative to the formal systems of state-managed or otherwise externally driven protected areas. We used discourse analysis (130 semistructured interviews with key informants) and descriptive statistics (679 surveys) to compare local perceptions of and experiences with state-driven versus community-driven conservation initiatives. We conducted our research in 6 communities in southeastern Mexico. Formalization of local conservation initiatives did not seem to be based on local knowledge and practices. Although interviewees thought community-based initiatives generated less conflict than statemanaged conservation initiatives, the community-based initiatives conformed to the biodiversity conservation paradigm that emphasizes restricted use of and access to resources. This restrictive approach to community-based conservation in Mexico, promoted through state and international conservation organizations, increased the area of protected land and had local support but was not built on locally relevant and multifunctional landscapes, a model that community-based conservation is assumed to advance.
Affiliation:
Institucio Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avancats; Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona; Instituto de Ecologia; Centro de Investigaciones en Ecosistemas; Universidad Veracruzana; University of Sussex; Universidad Autonoma de Campeche
Citation:
Reyes-Garcia, V. et al (2013) 'Local Understandings of Conservation in Southeastern Mexico and Their Implications for Community-Based Conservation as an Alternative Paradigm' Conservation Biology 27 (4):856
Publisher:
Wiley
Journal:
Conservation Biology
Issue Date:
Aug-2013
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10547/593522
DOI:
10.1111/cobi.12056
Additional Links:
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/cobi.12056
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
0888-8892
Appears in Collections:
Environmental Monitoring Research Group

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorReyes-Garcia, Victoriaen
dc.contributor.authorRuiz-Mallen, Isabelen
dc.contributor.authorPorter-Bolland, Lucianaen
dc.contributor.authorGarcia-Frapolli, Eduardoen
dc.contributor.authorEllis, Edward A.en
dc.contributor.authorMendez, Maria-Elenaen
dc.contributor.authorPritchard, Diana J.en
dc.contributor.authorSanchez-Gonzalez, Maria-Consueloen
dc.date.accessioned2016-01-15T12:56:41Zen
dc.date.available2016-01-15T12:56:41Zen
dc.date.issued2013-08en
dc.identifier.citationReyes-Garcia, V. et al (2013) 'Local Understandings of Conservation in Southeastern Mexico and Their Implications for Community-Based Conservation as an Alternative Paradigm' Conservation Biology 27 (4):856en
dc.identifier.issn0888-8892en
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/cobi.12056en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10547/593522en
dc.description.abstractSince the 1990s national and international programs have aimed to legitimize local conservation initiatives that might provide an alternative to the formal systems of state-managed or otherwise externally driven protected areas. We used discourse analysis (130 semistructured interviews with key informants) and descriptive statistics (679 surveys) to compare local perceptions of and experiences with state-driven versus community-driven conservation initiatives. We conducted our research in 6 communities in southeastern Mexico. Formalization of local conservation initiatives did not seem to be based on local knowledge and practices. Although interviewees thought community-based initiatives generated less conflict than statemanaged conservation initiatives, the community-based initiatives conformed to the biodiversity conservation paradigm that emphasizes restricted use of and access to resources. This restrictive approach to community-based conservation in Mexico, promoted through state and international conservation organizations, increased the area of protected land and had local support but was not built on locally relevant and multifunctional landscapes, a model that community-based conservation is assumed to advance.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherWileyen
dc.relation.urlhttp://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/cobi.12056en
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Conservation Biologyen
dc.subjectMexicoen
dc.subjectconservationen
dc.subjectcommunity-based conservationen
dc.titleLocal understandings of conservation in southeastern Mexico and their implications for community-based conservation as an alternative paradigmen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentInstitucio Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avancatsen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversitat Autonoma de Barcelonaen
dc.contributor.departmentInstituto de Ecologiaen
dc.contributor.departmentCentro de Investigaciones en Ecosistemasen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversidad Veracruzanaen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Sussexen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversidad Autonoma de Campecheen
dc.identifier.journalConservation Biologyen
dc.contributor.institutionInstitut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona; 08193; Bellatera; Barcelona; Spainen
dc.contributor.institutionInstituto de Ecología, A. C., El Haya; 91070; Xalapa; Veracruz; Méxicoen
dc.contributor.institutionCentro de Investigaciones en Ecosistemas, UNAM; Morelia; 32784; Méxicoen
dc.contributor.institutionCentro de Investigaciones Tropicales; Universidad Veracruzana; 91019; Xalapa; Veracruz; Méxicoen
dc.contributor.institutionInstitut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona; 08193; Bellatera; Barcelona; Spainen
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Global Studies; University of Sussex; Sussex House,; BN1 9RH; Brighton; United Kingdomen
dc.contributor.institutionCentro de Investigaciones Históricas y Sociales; Universidad Autónoma de Campeche; Campeche; Méxicoen
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