The mental health, quality of life and life satisfaction of internally displaced persons living in Nakuru County, Kenya

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Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10547/565651
Title:
The mental health, quality of life and life satisfaction of internally displaced persons living in Nakuru County, Kenya
Authors:
Getanda, Elijah Mironga; Papadopoulos, Chris; Evans, Hala
Abstract:
Background Internally displaced persons (IDPs) are among the most vulnerable people in the world today. Previous research highlights that conflict-induced forced displacement can cause problems with mental health and wellbeing. This study aimed to contribute to this body of knowledge by investigating the mental health, quality of life, and life satisfaction among IDPs living in Nakuru, Kenya. Methods A questionnaire that included the General Health Questionnaire-12, Satisfaction with Life Scale, and a modified version of the WHO Quality of Life-BREF tool was used for data collection. The questionnaire also included an open-ended question inviting qualitative responses about their experience as an IDP. The questionnaire was distributed through a three-stage sampling approach across four refugee camps from four regions of the Nakuru County in Kenya. Results One hundred IDPs participated in this study. All participants scored substantially higher than the applied GHQ-12 threshold for caseness (mean GHQ-12 score = 28.7, SD = 3.6). Quality of life and life satisfaction scores were also very poor (M = 10.24, SD = 1.9; M = 6.82, SD = 1.5 respectively). The qualitative results reflected these findings with statements reflecting suicidal thoughts, unhappiness with the government, lack of support, and fear for themselves and their children. Significantly higher GHQ-12 scores were found among older IDPs (rho = .202, sig = .046), widowers compared to married IDPs (mean difference = −2.41, SE = .885, sig = .027), while lower scores were found among IDPs who reported having friends as a source of support (U = 834, sig = .045), while quality of life scores were higher among IDPs who reported receiving governmental support (U = 248, sig = .018). Conclusion The findings revealed poor levels of mental health, quality of life and life satisfaction. Older, widowed IDPs and those who did not perceive support from friends or the government were found to be at the highest risk of poor health and wellbeing.
Citation:
Getanda, E.M., Papadopoulos, C., Evans, H. (2015) 'The mental health, quality of life and life satisfaction of internally displaced persons living in Nakuru County, Kenya' BMC Public Health 15 (1)
Journal:
BMC Public Health
Issue Date:
6-Aug-2015
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10547/565651
DOI:
10.1186/s12889-015-2085-7
Additional Links:
http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/15/755
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
1471-2458
Appears in Collections:
IHR Institute for Health Research

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorGetanda, Elijah Mirongaen
dc.contributor.authorPapadopoulos, Chrisen
dc.contributor.authorEvans, Halaen
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-06T08:47:50Zen
dc.date.available2015-08-06T08:47:50Zen
dc.date.issued2015-08-06en
dc.identifier.citationGetanda, E.M., Papadopoulos, C., Evans, H. (2015) 'The mental health, quality of life and life satisfaction of internally displaced persons living in Nakuru County, Kenya' BMC Public Health 15 (1)en
dc.identifier.issn1471-2458en
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/s12889-015-2085-7en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10547/565651en
dc.description.abstractBackground Internally displaced persons (IDPs) are among the most vulnerable people in the world today. Previous research highlights that conflict-induced forced displacement can cause problems with mental health and wellbeing. This study aimed to contribute to this body of knowledge by investigating the mental health, quality of life, and life satisfaction among IDPs living in Nakuru, Kenya. Methods A questionnaire that included the General Health Questionnaire-12, Satisfaction with Life Scale, and a modified version of the WHO Quality of Life-BREF tool was used for data collection. The questionnaire also included an open-ended question inviting qualitative responses about their experience as an IDP. The questionnaire was distributed through a three-stage sampling approach across four refugee camps from four regions of the Nakuru County in Kenya. Results One hundred IDPs participated in this study. All participants scored substantially higher than the applied GHQ-12 threshold for caseness (mean GHQ-12 score = 28.7, SD = 3.6). Quality of life and life satisfaction scores were also very poor (M = 10.24, SD = 1.9; M = 6.82, SD = 1.5 respectively). The qualitative results reflected these findings with statements reflecting suicidal thoughts, unhappiness with the government, lack of support, and fear for themselves and their children. Significantly higher GHQ-12 scores were found among older IDPs (rho = .202, sig = .046), widowers compared to married IDPs (mean difference = −2.41, SE = .885, sig = .027), while lower scores were found among IDPs who reported having friends as a source of support (U = 834, sig = .045), while quality of life scores were higher among IDPs who reported receiving governmental support (U = 248, sig = .018). Conclusion The findings revealed poor levels of mental health, quality of life and life satisfaction. Older, widowed IDPs and those who did not perceive support from friends or the government were found to be at the highest risk of poor health and wellbeing.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/15/755en
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to BMC Public Healthen
dc.subjectNakuruen
dc.subjectinternally displaced personsen
dc.subjectmental healthen
dc.subjectpsychological distressen
dc.subjectquality of lifeen
dc.subjectlife satisfactionen
dc.subjectKenyaen
dc.titleThe mental health, quality of life and life satisfaction of internally displaced persons living in Nakuru County, Kenyaen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalBMC Public Healthen
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