The importance of religion in shaping volcanic risk perception in Italy, with special reference to Vesuvius and Etna

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10547/302180
Title:
The importance of religion in shaping volcanic risk perception in Italy, with special reference to Vesuvius and Etna
Authors:
Chester, David K.; Duncan, Angus M.; Dibben, Christopher J.L.
Abstract:
With the exception of societies that are relatively untouched by modernism, the academic consensus holds that since the Eighteenth Century Enlightenment popular perception of divine responsibility for disasters has been progressively replaced by a perspective that views losses as resulting from the effects of extreme natural events upon vulnerable human populations. Nature is considered to be de-moralised. By means of examples of volcanic eruptions that have occurred over the past one hundred and fifty years and which transcend place, culture and faith tradition, the present authors have maintained a contrasting position, by arguing that religious perspectives are still important features of the ways in which people in many societies perceive volcanic eruptions. In the present paper it is argued that religious terms of reference have been and remain vital elements in the perceptions held by a significant proportion of the population in southern Italy when confronted by volcanic eruptions, particularly those that have occurred on Vesuvius and Etna. Within the context of what is termed popular Catholicism, the development of distinctive religious responses in pre-industrial times is first described.
Affiliation:
University of Liverpool; LIRANS-Institute of Applied Natural Sciences, University of Bedfordshire; University of St. Andrews
Citation:
Chester, D.K., Duncan, A.M. & Dibben, C.J.L. (2008) 'The importance of religion in shaping volcanic risk perception in Italy, with special reference to Vesuvius and Etna', Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 172(3-4),pp.216-228
Publisher:
Elsevier
Journal:
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research
Issue Date:
2008
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10547/302180
DOI:
10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2007.12.009
Additional Links:
http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0377027307004155
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
03770273
Appears in Collections:
Environmental Monitoring Research Group

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorChester, David K.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorDuncan, Angus M.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorDibben, Christopher J.L.en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2013-09-24T09:13:31Z-
dc.date.available2013-09-24T09:13:31Z-
dc.date.issued2008-
dc.identifier.citationChester, D.K., Duncan, A.M. & Dibben, C.J.L. (2008) 'The importance of religion in shaping volcanic risk perception in Italy, with special reference to Vesuvius and Etna', Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 172(3-4),pp.216-228en_GB
dc.identifier.issn03770273-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2007.12.009-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10547/302180-
dc.description.abstractWith the exception of societies that are relatively untouched by modernism, the academic consensus holds that since the Eighteenth Century Enlightenment popular perception of divine responsibility for disasters has been progressively replaced by a perspective that views losses as resulting from the effects of extreme natural events upon vulnerable human populations. Nature is considered to be de-moralised. By means of examples of volcanic eruptions that have occurred over the past one hundred and fifty years and which transcend place, culture and faith tradition, the present authors have maintained a contrasting position, by arguing that religious perspectives are still important features of the ways in which people in many societies perceive volcanic eruptions. In the present paper it is argued that religious terms of reference have been and remain vital elements in the perceptions held by a significant proportion of the population in southern Italy when confronted by volcanic eruptions, particularly those that have occurred on Vesuvius and Etna. Within the context of what is termed popular Catholicism, the development of distinctive religious responses in pre-industrial times is first described.en_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherElsevieren_GB
dc.relation.urlhttp://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0377027307004155en_GB
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Researchen_GB
dc.subjectvolcanic eruptionsen_GB
dc.subjectreligious perceptionsen_GB
dc.subjectdisaster planningen_GB
dc.subjectVesuviusen_GB
dc.subjectEtnaen_GB
dc.titleThe importance of religion in shaping volcanic risk perception in Italy, with special reference to Vesuvius and Etnaen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Liverpoolen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentLIRANS-Institute of Applied Natural Sciences, University of Bedfordshireen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of St. Andrewsen_GB
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Volcanology and Geothermal Researchen_GB
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