Hypoxia-mediated prior induction of monocyte-expressed HSP72 and HSP32 provides protection to the disturbances to redox balance associated with human sub-maximal aerobic exercise.

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10547/225955
Title:
Hypoxia-mediated prior induction of monocyte-expressed HSP72 and HSP32 provides protection to the disturbances to redox balance associated with human sub-maximal aerobic exercise.
Authors:
Taylor, Lee; Hillman, Angela R.; Midgley, Adrian W.; Peart, Daniel J.; Chrismas, Bryna; McNaughton, Lars R.
Abstract:
HSP72 is rapidly expressed in response to a variety of stressors in vitro and in vivo (including hypoxia). This project sought a hypoxic stimulus to elicit increases in HSP72 and HSP32 in attempts to confer protection to the sub-maximal aerobic exercise-induced disturbances to redox balance. Eight healthy recreationally active male subjects were exposed to five consecutive days of once-daily hypoxia (2,980 m, 75 min). Seven days prior to the hypoxic acclimation period, subjects performed 60 min of cycling on a cycle ergometer (exercise bout 1-EXB1), and this exercise bout was repeated 1 day post-cessation of the hypoxic period (exercise bout 2-EXB2). Blood samples were taken immediately pre- and post-exercise and 1, 4 and 8 h post-exercise for HSP72 and immediately pre, post and 1 h post-exercise for HSP32, TBARS and glutathione [reduced (GSH), oxidised (GSSG) and total (TGSH)], with additional blood samples obtained immediately pre-day 1 and post-day 5 of the hypoxic acclimation period for the same indices. Monocyte-expressed HSP32 and HSP72 were analysed by flow cytometry, with measures of oxidative stress accessed by commercially available kits. There were significant increases in HSP72 (P < 0.001), HSP32 (P = 0.03), GSSG (t = 9.5, P < 0.001) and TBARS (t = 5.6, P = 0.001) in response to the 5-day hypoxic intervention, whereas no significant changes were observed for GSH (P = 0.22) and TGSH (P = 0.25). Exercise-induced significant increases in HSP72 (P < 0.001) and HSP32 (P = 0.003) post-exercise in EXB1; this response was absent for HSP72 (P ≥ 0.79) and HSP32 (P ≥ 0.99) post-EXB2. The hypoxia-mediated increased bio-available HSP32 and HSP72 and favourable alterations in glutathione redox, prior to exercise commencing in EXB2 compared to EXB1, may acquiesce the disturbances to redox balance encountered during the second physiologically identical exercise bout.
Affiliation:
Muscle Cellular and Molecular Physiology (MCMP) and Applied Sport and Exercise Science (ASEP) Research Groups, Department of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Institute of Sport and Physical Activity Research (ISPAR), University of Bedfordshire, Polhill Campus, Polhill Avenue, Bedford, Bedfordshire, MK41 9EA, UK, lee.taylor@beds.ac.uk.
Citation:
Taylor L., Hillman A.R., Midgley A.W., Peart D.J., Chrismas B., and McNaughton L.R., (2012) 'Hypoxia-mediated prior induction of monocyte-expressed HSP72 and HSP32 provides protection to the disturbances to redox balance associated with human sub-maximal aerobic exercise.' Amino Acids
Journal:
Amino Acids
Issue Date:
23-Mar-2012
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10547/225955
DOI:
10.1007/s00726-012-1265-3
PubMed ID:
22441647
Type:
Article
ISSN:
1438-2199
Appears in Collections:
Muscle Cellular and Molecular Physiology; Applied Sport and Exercise Physiology

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorTaylor, Leeen_GB
dc.contributor.authorHillman, Angela R.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorMidgley, Adrian W.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorPeart, Daniel J.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorChrismas, Brynaen_GB
dc.contributor.authorMcNaughton, Lars R.en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2012-05-25T09:04:53Z-
dc.date.available2012-05-25T09:04:53Z-
dc.date.issued2012-03-23-
dc.identifier.citationTaylor L., Hillman A.R., Midgley A.W., Peart D.J., Chrismas B., and McNaughton L.R., (2012) 'Hypoxia-mediated prior induction of monocyte-expressed HSP72 and HSP32 provides protection to the disturbances to redox balance associated with human sub-maximal aerobic exercise.' Amino Acidsen_GB
dc.identifier.issn1438-2199-
dc.identifier.pmid22441647-
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s00726-012-1265-3-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10547/225955-
dc.description.abstractHSP72 is rapidly expressed in response to a variety of stressors in vitro and in vivo (including hypoxia). This project sought a hypoxic stimulus to elicit increases in HSP72 and HSP32 in attempts to confer protection to the sub-maximal aerobic exercise-induced disturbances to redox balance. Eight healthy recreationally active male subjects were exposed to five consecutive days of once-daily hypoxia (2,980 m, 75 min). Seven days prior to the hypoxic acclimation period, subjects performed 60 min of cycling on a cycle ergometer (exercise bout 1-EXB1), and this exercise bout was repeated 1 day post-cessation of the hypoxic period (exercise bout 2-EXB2). Blood samples were taken immediately pre- and post-exercise and 1, 4 and 8 h post-exercise for HSP72 and immediately pre, post and 1 h post-exercise for HSP32, TBARS and glutathione [reduced (GSH), oxidised (GSSG) and total (TGSH)], with additional blood samples obtained immediately pre-day 1 and post-day 5 of the hypoxic acclimation period for the same indices. Monocyte-expressed HSP32 and HSP72 were analysed by flow cytometry, with measures of oxidative stress accessed by commercially available kits. There were significant increases in HSP72 (P < 0.001), HSP32 (P = 0.03), GSSG (t = 9.5, P < 0.001) and TBARS (t = 5.6, P = 0.001) in response to the 5-day hypoxic intervention, whereas no significant changes were observed for GSH (P = 0.22) and TGSH (P = 0.25). Exercise-induced significant increases in HSP72 (P < 0.001) and HSP32 (P = 0.003) post-exercise in EXB1; this response was absent for HSP72 (P ≥ 0.79) and HSP32 (P ≥ 0.99) post-EXB2. The hypoxia-mediated increased bio-available HSP32 and HSP72 and favourable alterations in glutathione redox, prior to exercise commencing in EXB2 compared to EXB1, may acquiesce the disturbances to redox balance encountered during the second physiologically identical exercise bout.en_GB
dc.languageENG-
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Amino acidsen_GB
dc.titleHypoxia-mediated prior induction of monocyte-expressed HSP72 and HSP32 provides protection to the disturbances to redox balance associated with human sub-maximal aerobic exercise.-
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentMuscle Cellular and Molecular Physiology (MCMP) and Applied Sport and Exercise Science (ASEP) Research Groups, Department of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Institute of Sport and Physical Activity Research (ISPAR), University of Bedfordshire, Polhill Campus, Polhill Avenue, Bedford, Bedfordshire, MK41 9EA, UK, lee.taylor@beds.ac.uk.en_GB
dc.identifier.journalAmino Acidsen_GB

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