The effects of precompetition massage on the kinematic parameters of 20-m sprint performance.

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10547/225597
Title:
The effects of precompetition massage on the kinematic parameters of 20-m sprint performance.
Authors:
Fletcher, Iain M.
Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to investigate what effect precompetition massage has on short-term sprint performance. Twenty male collegiate games players, with a minimum training/playing background of 3 sessions per week, were assigned to a randomized, counter-balanced, repeated-measures designed experiment used to analyze 20-m sprints performance. Three discrete warm-up modalities, consisting of precompetition massage, a traditional warm-up, and a precompetition massage combined with a traditional warm-up were used. Massage consisted of fast, superficial techniques designed to stimulate the main muscle groups associated with sprint running. Twenty-meter sprint performance and core temperature were assessed post warm-up interventions. Kinematic differences between sprints were assessed through a 2-dimensional computerized motion analysis system (alpha level p <or= 0.05). Results indicated that sprint times in the warm-up and massage combined with warm-up conditions were significantly faster than massage alone. Also, step rate and mean knee velocity were found to be significantly greater in the warm-up and massage combined with warm-up modalities when compared to massage alone. No significant differences were demonstrated in any measures when the warm-up and massage and warm-up combined conditions were compared. Massage as a preperformance preparation strategy seems to decrease 20-m sprint performance when compared to a traditional warm-up, although its combination with a normal active warm-up seems to have no greater benefit then active warm-up alone. Therefore, massage use prior to competition is questionable because it appears to have no effective role in improving sprint performance.
Affiliation:
Exercise Physiology Laboratory, School of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Bedfordshire, Bedfordshire, United Kingdom. iain.fletcher@beds.ac.uk
Citation:
Fletcher, Iain M., (2010) 'The effects of precompetition massage on the kinematic parameters of 20-m sprint performance', Journal of strength and conditioning research, 24(5) pp.179-83.
Journal:
Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association
Issue Date:
May-2010
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10547/225597
DOI:
10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181ceec0f
PubMed ID:
20386129
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
1533-4287
Appears in Collections:
Applied Sport and Exercise Physiology

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorFletcher, Iain M.en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2012-05-23T14:03:47Z-
dc.date.available2012-05-23T14:03:47Z-
dc.date.issued2010-05-
dc.identifier.citationFletcher, Iain M., (2010) 'The effects of precompetition massage on the kinematic parameters of 20-m sprint performance', Journal of strength and conditioning research, 24(5) pp.179-83.en_GB
dc.identifier.issn1533-4287-
dc.identifier.pmid20386129-
dc.identifier.doi10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181ceec0f-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10547/225597-
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of this study was to investigate what effect precompetition massage has on short-term sprint performance. Twenty male collegiate games players, with a minimum training/playing background of 3 sessions per week, were assigned to a randomized, counter-balanced, repeated-measures designed experiment used to analyze 20-m sprints performance. Three discrete warm-up modalities, consisting of precompetition massage, a traditional warm-up, and a precompetition massage combined with a traditional warm-up were used. Massage consisted of fast, superficial techniques designed to stimulate the main muscle groups associated with sprint running. Twenty-meter sprint performance and core temperature were assessed post warm-up interventions. Kinematic differences between sprints were assessed through a 2-dimensional computerized motion analysis system (alpha level p <or= 0.05). Results indicated that sprint times in the warm-up and massage combined with warm-up conditions were significantly faster than massage alone. Also, step rate and mean knee velocity were found to be significantly greater in the warm-up and massage combined with warm-up modalities when compared to massage alone. No significant differences were demonstrated in any measures when the warm-up and massage and warm-up combined conditions were compared. Massage as a preperformance preparation strategy seems to decrease 20-m sprint performance when compared to a traditional warm-up, although its combination with a normal active warm-up seems to have no greater benefit then active warm-up alone. Therefore, massage use prior to competition is questionable because it appears to have no effective role in improving sprint performance.en_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Associationen_GB
dc.subject.meshAdult-
dc.subject.meshAthletic Performance-
dc.subject.meshBiomechanics-
dc.subject.meshHumans-
dc.subject.meshMale-
dc.subject.meshMassage-
dc.subject.meshRunning-
dc.titleThe effects of precompetition massage on the kinematic parameters of 20-m sprint performance.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentExercise Physiology Laboratory, School of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Bedfordshire, Bedfordshire, United Kingdom. iain.fletcher@beds.ac.uken_GB
dc.identifier.journalJournal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Associationen_GB

Related articles on PubMed

This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License
Creative Commons
All Items in UOBREP are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.