Tourism and poverty reduction: an interpretation by the poor of Elmina, Ghana

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10547/225507
Title:
Tourism and poverty reduction: an interpretation by the poor of Elmina, Ghana
Authors:
Holden, Andrew; Sonne, Joel; Novelli, Marina
Abstract:
Over the past decade, academic research into the use of tourism as a contributor to poverty reduction has grown considerably; however, there are few insights on how the poor perceive the connections between poverty and tourism. Based upon interpretive and participatory fieldwork with the poor of Elmina in Ghana, this paper explores their understanding and constructions of poverty and how they comprehend tourism as a provider of alternative livelihood opportunities. It emerged that poverty is understood as a multi-dimensional construct, including low and irregular incomes, depletion of natural resources, a lack of access to social assets and educational opportunities, and denial of meaningful participation in society. At a time of structural readjustment in Elmina's economy, the potential of tourism to enhance livelihoods and reduce poverty is high, but remains hindered by major barriers to entrepreneurship development and employment within the sector, which is worsened by the lack of access to credit, exclusion from decision-making, poor skills and excessive bureaucracy. It became evident that a focus on the use of tourism for macroeconomic gains will not necessarily benefit the poor. They need to be included in tourism policy and practice, not only as a target group, but also in participatory mechanisms to ensure the appropriate use of tourism for poverty reduction. It is argued that it is only through a better understanding of poor people's experiences of poverty, that tourism can be used more meaningfully as a strategy for its alleviation.
Citation:
Holden, A., Sonne, J. and Novelli, M. (2011) 'Tourism and poverty reduction: An interpretation by the poor of Elmina, Ghana' Tourism', Planning & Development, 8(3) pp.281-296
Journal:
Tourism, Planning & Development
Issue Date:
2011
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10547/225507
DOI:
10.1080/21568316.2011.591160
Additional Links:
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/21568316.2011.591160
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
1479053X
Appears in Collections:
INTOUR Institute for Tourism Research

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorHolden, Andrewen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSonne, Joelen_GB
dc.contributor.authorNovelli, Marinaen_GB
dc.date.accessioned2012-05-23T09:39:28Zen
dc.date.available2012-05-23T09:39:28Zen
dc.date.issued2011en
dc.identifier.citationHolden, A., Sonne, J. and Novelli, M. (2011) 'Tourism and poverty reduction: An interpretation by the poor of Elmina, Ghana' Tourism', Planning & Development, 8(3) pp.281-296en_GB
dc.identifier.issn1479053Xen
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/21568316.2011.591160en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10547/225507en
dc.description.abstractOver the past decade, academic research into the use of tourism as a contributor to poverty reduction has grown considerably; however, there are few insights on how the poor perceive the connections between poverty and tourism. Based upon interpretive and participatory fieldwork with the poor of Elmina in Ghana, this paper explores their understanding and constructions of poverty and how they comprehend tourism as a provider of alternative livelihood opportunities. It emerged that poverty is understood as a multi-dimensional construct, including low and irregular incomes, depletion of natural resources, a lack of access to social assets and educational opportunities, and denial of meaningful participation in society. At a time of structural readjustment in Elmina's economy, the potential of tourism to enhance livelihoods and reduce poverty is high, but remains hindered by major barriers to entrepreneurship development and employment within the sector, which is worsened by the lack of access to credit, exclusion from decision-making, poor skills and excessive bureaucracy. It became evident that a focus on the use of tourism for macroeconomic gains will not necessarily benefit the poor. They need to be included in tourism policy and practice, not only as a target group, but also in participatory mechanisms to ensure the appropriate use of tourism for poverty reduction. It is argued that it is only through a better understanding of poor people's experiences of poverty, that tourism can be used more meaningfully as a strategy for its alleviation.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/21568316.2011.591160en_GB
dc.titleTourism and poverty reduction: an interpretation by the poor of Elmina, Ghanaen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalTourism, Planning & Developmenten_GB
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