Gender and work-life balance: a phenomenological study of women entrepreneurs in Pakistan

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10547/223773
Title:
Gender and work-life balance: a phenomenological study of women entrepreneurs in Pakistan
Authors:
Roomi, Muhammad Azam ( 0000-0001-6633-2313 ) ; Rehman, Sumaira
Abstract:
Purpose – Increased participation of women in the labor force creates challenges for them to balance work and family obligations. The situation becomes more complicated in patriarchal societies such as Pakistan due to women's stereotypical domestic roles, religious prescriptions as well as cultural norms and values. This study aims to explore different influencing factors on women's work and family roles in the unique Pakistani socio-economic and cultural environment. Design/methodology/approach – Based on the interpretive phenomenological approach (IPA), this study explores different influencing factors on women's work and family roles in the unique Pakistani socio-economic and cultural environment. The methodology helped to analyse data about challenges faced by women entrepreneurs to achieve work-life balance as well as to have an insight about some of the techniques and effective strategies they use to balance work and family obligation. Findings – The results show that among other motivational drivers to start their own businesses, achieving work-life balance is one of the most significant ones. Their own businesses give them flexibility, control and freedom to juggle with their family and social responsibilities. Lack of sufficient time, gender bias, social and cultural norms as well as family responsibilities are the most significant challenges women face to achieve balance in a patriarchal Islamic society. Strategic planning, organising and delegating are the most effective strategies women use to cope with competing roles of work and family.
Citation:
Sumaira Rehman, Muhammad Azam Roomi, (2012) "Gender and work-life balance: a phenomenological study of women entrepreneurs in Pakistan", Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, Vol. 19 Iss: 2, pp.209 - 228
Publisher:
Emerald
Journal:
Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development
Issue Date:
May-2012
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10547/223773
DOI:
10.1108/14626001211223865
Additional Links:
http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/full/10.1108/14626001211223865
Type:
Article
Language:
en
Description:
Originality/value – This ground-breaking work in Pakistan on women entrepreneurs' work-life balance may also inspire other women who want to start their entrepreneurial career.
ISSN:
1462-6004
Appears in Collections:
Centre for Advances in Marketing (CAM)

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorRoomi, Muhammad Azamen_GB
dc.contributor.authorRehman, Sumairaen_GB
dc.date.accessioned2012-05-15T10:29:24Zen
dc.date.available2012-05-15T10:29:24Zen
dc.date.issued2012-05en
dc.identifier.citationSumaira Rehman, Muhammad Azam Roomi, (2012) "Gender and work-life balance: a phenomenological study of women entrepreneurs in Pakistan", Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, Vol. 19 Iss: 2, pp.209 - 228en_GB
dc.identifier.issn1462-6004en
dc.identifier.doi10.1108/14626001211223865en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10547/223773en
dc.descriptionOriginality/value – This ground-breaking work in Pakistan on women entrepreneurs' work-life balance may also inspire other women who want to start their entrepreneurial career.en_GB
dc.description.abstractPurpose – Increased participation of women in the labor force creates challenges for them to balance work and family obligations. The situation becomes more complicated in patriarchal societies such as Pakistan due to women's stereotypical domestic roles, religious prescriptions as well as cultural norms and values. This study aims to explore different influencing factors on women's work and family roles in the unique Pakistani socio-economic and cultural environment. Design/methodology/approach – Based on the interpretive phenomenological approach (IPA), this study explores different influencing factors on women's work and family roles in the unique Pakistani socio-economic and cultural environment. The methodology helped to analyse data about challenges faced by women entrepreneurs to achieve work-life balance as well as to have an insight about some of the techniques and effective strategies they use to balance work and family obligation. Findings – The results show that among other motivational drivers to start their own businesses, achieving work-life balance is one of the most significant ones. Their own businesses give them flexibility, control and freedom to juggle with their family and social responsibilities. Lack of sufficient time, gender bias, social and cultural norms as well as family responsibilities are the most significant challenges women face to achieve balance in a patriarchal Islamic society. Strategic planning, organising and delegating are the most effective strategies women use to cope with competing roles of work and family.en_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherEmeralden_GB
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/full/10.1108/14626001211223865en
dc.subjectcultural normsen_GB
dc.subjectgenderen
dc.subjectIslamic societyen
dc.subjectPakistanen
dc.subjectsocial valuesen
dc.subjectwomen entrepreneursen
dc.subjectwork-life balanceen
dc.titleGender and work-life balance: a phenomenological study of women entrepreneurs in Pakistanen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Small Business and Enterprise Developmenten_GB
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